Sunday, 12 August 2012

Laurence Butler- Ch. 23: Genealogy- Possible Irish ancestors and descendants in Co. Wexford


Laurence Butler's ancestral roots and Irish descendants
The only information we have to determine Laurence Butler's ancestral roots is what has been found in his record of trial in County Wexford, Ireland, and convict records in Sydney. We know he was 70 years of age when he died in December 1820. We also know that he was living with his Irish wife Catherine in the tiny village of Ferns in County Wexford when he became involved in the 1798 Rebellion. No other ancestral records have come to light. So how do we determine his ancestry and whether he left behind descendants when transported to the other side of the world at the age of 52? We can only look at all the records available to us to try and make an educated guess to answer these questions.

Y-DNA Genealogical Testing 

The newly developing science of genealogical Y-DNA matching will probably gain momentum in the coming years and may play an important role in unraveling these family tree mysteries and help with matching family links. It may also pose new unanswerable genealogical questions as well. DNA can provide information about our ancestor's migratory paths through thousands of years as well as individual descent from one's forefathers. The same DNA markers are handed down from generation to generation for hundreds even thousands of years, with occasional mutations of individual markers in the DNA profile.

DNA is the only genealogical record that is absolute proof of one's true heritage, and combined with the traditional genealogical paper trail, it promises an exciting future in family research.

Y-DNA is passed down from father to son, as only the male child inherits the Y chromosome from his father, and his grandfather etc. And it is through the Y-DNA tests that Surname genealogical groups can be set up such as the Butler Surname Y-DNA Project. This project aims to try and sort out the different origins of Butlers, such as the varied Butler family groupings with origins in Ireland and England, worked out by the late Lord Patrick Dunboyne, as seen on the Butler Society website. 
( http://www.butler-soc.org/groups.html )

Y-DNA tests have been conducted on two of Laurence Butler's descendants through the male line, one a descendant of Laurence's first son Walter, and the other a descendant of Laurence's second son Lawrence Junior. These DNA results are explored in the final Chapter (Ch 25). In the future, they may be able to match with a Butler descendant from Laurence's first family in Co. Wexford, or even Laurence's ancestors, which could prove Laurence's ancestral line.


Birth & Death records in Ireland and Co. Wexford, and other records that may relate to Laurence Butler

Several Colonial documents state that Laurence Butler's birth was in 1750, including his death notice in “The Sydney Gazette” in December 1820, and his gravestone stating his age as 70. However, there are no records of Laurence Butler’s birth in Co. Wexford. Wexford Genealogy research service checked WexfordTown RC Parish records 1745-1760 and were unable to find a record of the birth/baptism of Laurence Butler. Nor did they find any records of his wife Catherine Butler’s death c.1815-1817, or records of any births of children to Laurence and Catherine Butler. At the time of the Rebellion, Laurence was living in Ferns, however Ferns RC Parish records did not begin until 1819. Therefore all other available records should be looked at to determine if there is a possible link. Naming practices in those days generally followed a tradition whereby first sons were named after the father's father, second son after himself, etc. However, the unknown in this case is whether Laurence had sons in Wexford by wife Catherine before his sons in Sydney were born, which would determine his choice of names.

IRELAND- Wexford in SE corner



County Wexford showing the main townlands, and points to 1798 battle areas.


Map of Enniscorthy to Ferns and Gorey in north Wexford

BAPTISM RECORDS and other BDM records relating to Laurence Butler

There is a baptism record, Diocese of Dublin, Parish records of St. Catherine’s, RC: Laurance Butler on 1 Nov 1750, address not recorded, Father: James Butler, Mother: Margaret, Sponsors: John Fitzgerald and Francis Cosgrave
Book No 2; Page 14; Entry No.562.

A second baptism record at St. Catherine’s, R.C. Dublin:
two sons of Thomas and Elinor Butler on 11 August 1749, named Laurence and James Butler, sponsors (for Laurence) James Butler and Anne Murphy, no address recorded, sponsors (for James) Michael Hanlon and Anne Reily.
Book 1, p.170, Entries 4724 & 4725.

(NB last 2 columns are headed '£  and  S' )


Notably, the sponsors' names, Murphy and Cosgrave, were common to County Wexford. The Clann Cosgraigh were chiefs of the Barony of Bantry, and the anglicised Cosgrave (not Cosgrove) have been identified with the east coast of Leinster, from Dublin to Wexford, and in the 16th century were often mentioned as people of standing particularly in Wexford and Wicklow. However, there is a record of a burial of a Francis Cosgrave in 1776, address Gravel Walk in Dublin, Parish of St James,  which could be relevant. 

It was not unusual at this time for children born in nearby counties, to be baptised in Dublin at one of the few chapels allowed to exist under the Penal Laws which outlawed Mass, baptisms etc., particularly following the defeat of James II by William of Orange/William III. The Parish of St. Catherine’s and St. James, Dublin, consisted of a couple of small chapels, one in Dirty Lane (renamed Bridgefoot Street, opened about 1721 and remained there until 1782), and another in John’s Lane, both off Thomas Street. The Parish was administered by the V. Rev. John (Canon) Murphy, Parish Priest 1744-1753. After studying in Salamanca, he was appointed to this Parish, distinguishing himself as a Preacher, Confessor and Director of Souls. In most places, Mass and baptisms were celebrated in a furtive way in people’s homes, to avoid arrest. Thus, baptisms were not recorded. Roman Catholic priests led a precarious existence tending to those who remained faithful to the old religion. From about 1690 to 1760, simply constructed Catholic mass houses, furnished with just the basics were generally tolerated. These laws were relaxed towards the later part of the 18th century, allowing small chapels to open in the counties to administer to the needs of local Catholics.

Catholic Parish Priests in Ferns in the 18th century:
During this period of the Penal Laws, the building that served as a Catholic mass house for Ferns and probably made of mud daub and thatch, was located at Newtown which is about half a mile up Upper Main Street, Ferns. A Butler family lived at Newtown from at least the late 1700's and there is a possibility that the house they lived in belonged to Laurence- see section of BUTLERS OF NEWTOWN below for details.

There were several known parish priests in the Ferns area during the 18th century. According to NLI MicroFilm 04254/09, two lists of parish priests of St Aidens Ferns has the following information, however, the period before Rev. Cassin's appointment in 1762 appears to be uncertain, particularly the years of service in the period of the Penal laws and the subsequent undercover lifestyles of priests. Also information from Christopher Power in his book "A History of Ferns" self pub 2010; and, Rev. John Gahan,The Secular Priests of the Diocese of Ferns Covering the Years 1640 to 2000 [containing lists of priests who served in each parish, with short biographical notes], pub France, 2001 :

Rev. John Venard acted as Parish Priest about 1725. According to Power, priests at this time of the Penal era, lived unobtrusive lives due to the consequences for them if arrested. Venard lived in Baylands townland working as a gardener for the local magistrate and prominent loyalist.
In 1728, Rev. Daniel Doyle, parish priest of Ferns and Kilbride, secured an agreement from the local Ferns landlord, Richard Donovan, to have a 'mass rock', provided it was outside of Ferns and he would not allow any popish priest to live in Ferns village, so they built it two miles south at Crory. He served until September 1739.
Rev. Nicholas Lovelock was a student at the Irish College at Salamanca, and when he returned, an old barn at Newtown was acquired as a mass station (about half a mile outside Ferns). He served about 1738.
Rev. Michael Cannon then became parish priest of St Aidens Ferns in about 1738 until about 1741,  and was accused of trying to enlist men to fight for Bonnie Prince Charlie in the Jacobite uprising of 1745.
Rev. McKeon was appointed about 1753 and died 1760
The records of Cannon and McKeon appear to be uncertain in the baptismal book, particularly dates of service.

Notably there appears to have been a gap between Rev. Cannon and the appointment of Rev. McKeon in 1753, which is period in which Laurence Butler was born.

Rev. Dr. Andrew Cassin became parish priest from 1762 to 1786, living at Effernogue and carrying out his pastoral duties from the Catholic mass house at Newtown (according to Power). Rebel leader Fr John Murphy was educated in a hedge school by Dr Cassin who had a great influence on him. As seminaries were forbidden by the penal laws, students for the priesthood were ordained before they went to study at colleges in continental Europe. John Murphy was ordained by Bishop Sweetman of Ferns before leaving to study at a Dominican college in Seville in 1780, returning to be appointed Parish Priest of nearby Boolavogue. 
(ref: www.catholicireland.net/father-john-murphy-of-boolavogue) 
Dr. Cassin was succeeded in 1786 by his nephew Rev. Edward (Ned) Redmond who has been previously described for his role in the rebellion (see Chapter 3), and had been appointed as Curate in 1777 (also famous for his role in rescuing a drowning Napoleon in France during his student years). He died 11 February 1819, and was replaced with Rev. William O'Neill who was Parish priest until 1840.

Laurence Butler's children would have been baptised by  Cassin and/or Redmond. 

The chapel at Newtown was burned down by yeomen on the 18 November 1798. Local Catholics rebuilt the chapel in 1824 despite the local landlord doing all in his power to prevent it. (see hand drawn map of Thos Lewis White below in Newtown Butler section)
(Refs: Christopher Power, A History of Ferns, Wexford Ireland 2010; 
Rev. John Gahan,The Secular Priests of the Diocese of Ferns Covering the Years 1640 to 2000 [containing lists of priests who served in each parish, with short biographical notes], pub France, 2001) 

Records of Laurence Butlers and the witnesses at the Dublin baptisms:
In the Court of Exchequer records at the National Archives of Ireland, filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah (LDS), the Equity Exchequer Bill Book has a bill, dated 25 June 1726, brought by petitioner Laurence Butler against several defendants: Matthew Carmody, John FitzGerald, his wife Bridget, James Butler, John Brien and John McNamara. 
Notably a John Fitzgerald and James Butler were names in the above Dublin baptisms. However, there are no clues as to which County this Laurence Butler came from, so the record may be irrelevant, but can't be discounted, although, the names Brien and McNamara are usually associated with the Munster provinces around Tipperary- Clare. 


(LDS microfilm: Equity Exchequer Bill Book, Volume 28 (1722-1726), p.55, 1726, film no. 2262648)

A Laurence Butler was born in Wexford Town on 15 July 1708 to parents John Butler and Mary Furlong, and brother of Walter Butler born 1701 and William Butler born 1696, and Patrick Butler born 1704- see The Faythe Butlers section below.
 [ref: NLI- Roman Catholic Church records for Wexford Town- Baptisms start from 1671 (missing 1689-1694, 1710-1723 & 1787-1815); Marriages (missing 1685-1724)]

In subsequent years this Laurence Butler was a witness to several baptisms and marriages in Wexford Town:
Baptism witness in: 1734 (Lawlesse), 1736 (Carny); 1744 (Busher); 1750 Devereux); 1751 (Ivory); 1758 (Richard Butler's son Walter); 1759 (Dungan) and 1759 (John Butler's dau Mary).
Also:
Marriage of James Car & Mary Cleary, 7/9/1764, Wexford Town, witnesses Laurence Butler and James Tracey


A Laurence Butler was named in Brian Cantwell’s “Memorials to the Dead”, grave transcriptions in Co. Wexford,which has two burials at Kilmuckridge (also known as The Ford- near the coasteast of Enniscorthy)- two headstones side by side:
Here lyeth the body of Laurence Butler dec’d June 8th 1790 ag’d 76 years (b.c.1714).

Here lyeth the body of James Butler who depd this life April 14th 1789 agd 66 years (b.c.1723) also his wife Catherine Butler depd Nov. 11th 1830 aged 91 (b.c.1740).

Another burial record in Cantwell's 'Memorials" could also be relevant:
A burial at St Colman's church at Templeshanbo (close to Shroughmore), albeit the C. of Ireland cemetery in Section B next to the church rather than in the churchyard may be relevant (Brian Cantwell's 'Memorials of the Dead- Co Wexford'), although in the 1700's this was a catholic Parish church:
James Butler, died 4 May 1784 aged 58 , ie. b.c. 1725/26.
This record could also relate to the Butlers who lived at Munphin in Scarawalsh (see section on Butlers of Munphin below), as Walter Butler of Munphin was living at Shroughmore close to St Colman's, at that time.


WEXFORD BUTLERS

According to Hilary Murphy in his book "Families of Co. Wexford"  (pub Wexford, 1986), "Butlers did not settle to any great extent in Wexford, and most Wexford Butlers were descendants of the Mountgarrett line, an offshoot of the Ormond line" (and one of the most senior Butler lines in the pecking order- the current Viscount Mountgarrett is likely to inherit the recently vacant Ormonde Earldom, tracing back to the offshoot of the Mountgarretts in the sixteenth century). 

There was a pocket of Butlers in the Gorey area in the NE of the country, many of whom were related to the Carlow Butlers of Cloghgrennan, a Protestant line, a few of whom were reported killed/'murdered' by rebels during the Rebellion of 1798- viz. a William and George Butler of Kilbride east of Gorey at the Battle of Ballyellis on the 30th June.
A second record of a William Butler killed (piked) at Ballyellis states he was of Clough, 3 miles west of Gorey, leaving a wife and three children. (Sir Richard Musgrave, Memoirs of the Different Rebellions in Ireland, Dublin 1802, p749-751).
Elizabeth Butler of Ballycomeclone (east of Gorey) reported her husband killed leaving two children (ibid, p744 and 746) and Eliza Butler of Prospect (east of Gorey and adjacent to Ballycomclone) reported husband in Gorey cavalry, killed leaving two children, which is probably the same record.
All of these records of Butlers from near Gorey refer to Protestants. 

A few Quaker Butler families descended from Richard Butler of Bristol, Gloucestershire who joined the Quakers in 1701, settled in Wexford in the 1700's, according to Hilary Murphy.  

The late Lord Patrick Dunboyne in his 'Butler Family History' (7th Ed., self published, the Butler Society, 1991, p29) stated: "Probably some Butlers of New Ross descended from Gilbert, younger brother of the 5th Chief Butler, and Edmund of Karrick the 6th Chief Butler, and Thomas 1st Lord Dunboyne, in the late 1200's. His descendants are unknown."

Nicholas Furlong in his article  "Life in Wexford Port 1600-1800" (Kevin Whelan [ed], Wexford History and Society, Ch.6, p.150, Geography Publications, Dublin 1987), says: "County Wexford was isolated from the rest of Leinster and Ireland before the arrival of the railway. There were only three comfortable land exits and entries, through mountain terrain, the Scullogue Gap, the Slaney valley at Bunclody, and the Arklow Gap."
Roche further noted: "The unique permanence of the old Cambric-Norman families, especially in Forth and Bargy, who despite confiscation, transplantation and oppression, remained rooted in their ancestral areas- many indeed holding lands today in the same exact locations where their distant progenitors first settled in the 12th and 13th centuries, and the phenomenal contribution which these same families made to the Catholic Church over the centuries in terms of personnel (ie. priests, nuns and brothers).

These "Old English", Irish, and even a few of the earlier "New English" family groups within Wexford intermarried with each other through the centuries- the Butlers were closely associated with several long established Wexford families through marriage ties in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, in particular, the Kavanagh,  Esmonde, Colclough,  Sinnot,  FitzHenry/FitzHarries, Hore,  Masterson, and  Devereux families, all of whom were long established landowners in Wexford.

Although it is unknown if Laurence was born in the vicinity of Ferns or came from elsewhere in County Wexford or even from another county, evidence would suggest that Laurence Butler was born and bred in County Wexford.
When Laurence Butler was arrested and tried for his role in the 1798 rebellion, he was married to Catherine, lived in County Wexford, and would appear to have been born in County Wexford. He maintained a close friendship with his fellow Wexford rebels in Sydney (particularly Michael Hayes, William Davis and William Gough who were all from the Enniscorthy to Ferns area), and with later convict arrivals from County Wexford (such as Isaac Woods who witnessed his will). This would suggest that he was not from the southern baronies of Wexford. His trial record states his house was in the small townland of Ferns, six miles north of Enniscorthy, in the northern area of Co. Wexford known as the Barony of Scarawalsh. It would have been highly unlikely that he would have moved from more prominent counties in Leinster and Munster to the lowly populated, primarily rural, and comparatively isolated area of northern Wexford, in the very small village of Ferns to work as a cabinet maker.  As he was a cabinet maker of high quality furniture, he was probably supplying furniture to the local gentry and the likes of the Protestant Bishop of Ferns who lived at The Palace in Ferns. It is therefore highly likely he was born in the near vicinity of this village, and his Irish children would have been born in Ferns and possibly remained in this vicinity.
On arrival in the Colony of New South Wales in October 1802, Laurence was well treated. He was never assigned as a servant or a farm labourer or sent to the Government farm at Parramatta, as were most convicts on arrival; as a skilled artisan, he began by working in the lumber yard making furniture for the Governor and was assigned to the building of the new church. A French officer, Francois Peron, from the visiting ship the “Geographe” (in Sydney Cove between June and November 1802), filed a report with the French Ministry of the Navy. In his assessment of the Irish convicts he stated, “The first families of Ireland count their friends and relations upon these coasts of New Holland.(Ref: Anne-Marie Whitaker, Unfinished Revolution,  Crossing Press, Darlinghurst NSW, 1994, p76-77)
On recommendation of D'Arcy Wentworth (a fellow Irishman, Superintendant of Police, Treasurer of the Police Fund, personal physician to Gov. Macquarie, and father of William Wentworth who became one of the nation's founding fathers fighting for independence from Britain), Laurence was granted 100 acres of valuable and prized land in Sydney (now the suburb of Lilyfield) only six miles from the centre of Sydney, and neighbouring many of Sydney’s high profile and free citizens such as Major George Johnson (temporary Governor after Bligh’s removal), Captain John Piper, Dr William Balmain, and other influential free settlers and military personnel.
His 1810 Petition to the Governor for mitigation of his sentence, was endorsed by influential free citizens such as Gregory Blaxland (first to cross the Blue Mountains), John Oxley (Surveyor General and renowned explorer), and Elizabeth Macarthur (wife of John Macarthur, father of the merino sheep industry)- all household names in Australian history.
Another Petition in 1817 for deeds to his land grant, ordered in 1816 after recommendation by Wentworth, was endorsed by Surveyor General, John Oxley, and neighbours Major George Johnson and Capt. John Piper (Point Piper in Sydney named after him).
He was one of 78 very influential settlers, mostly wealthy and powerful free settlers or civil officials, who petitioned Governor Macquarie and Lord Bathurst in 1817 to change importation rules. The people signing the petition were , in Governor Macquarie's own words, 'a great majority of the most respectable Inhabitants of the Colony'.
Therefore, we can assume that Laurence was respected by and closely associated with powerful and influential members of Sydney society.
His acceptance in this English Protestant society, in contrast to the disparaging treatment of his fellow Irish convicts, would seem to suggest that Laurence was favoured due to his ancestral background. Notably, each of his three children named a child Ormond, and Laurence's second son called himself Lawrence Ormond Butler throughout his adult life, and Lawrence Junior's son and son's descendants all carried the middle name of Ormond, even the females. Laurence's son Walter's sons by his second 'wife' Eliza, all maintained they were descended from the 'Kilkenny' Butlers. Walter's youngest son, Ormond Tasman, continued the name down through the generations. Laurence himself must have passed this information about his background onto his children before he died.


As the Butler family, and in particular those of the Roman Catholic faith, chose names that particularly related closely to their family ancestry, we must look at Laurence’s choice of the name ‘Walter’ for his eldest Australian son, and 'George Patrick' for his third son, and whether it is a strong clue to Laurence’s Wexford ancestry.
As Laurence probably had children by his Irish wife Catherine, his children born in Ferns may have descendants who lived and possibly continue to live in Co. Wexford, and possibly in the vicinity of Ferns. The following records will look at possible descendants, and then possible forebears. 
The following Butler families in Co. Wexford will be explored in detail:
Butlers of Coolpuck, Ferns
Butlers of Newtown, Ferns
Butlers of Schurlocksbush near Enniscorthy
Butlers of The Faythe, Wexford Town
Butlers of Tikillin- Newcastle Lower and Ballyharran (between Enniscorthy and Wexford Town)
Butlers of Gorey Parish, and Cloghgrennan Co. Carlow
Butlers of Ramsgrange Wexford and Ennishowen Co.Donegal
and
John Butler of Ballinakill, Queens Co. (suggested by Lord Dunboyne as a possible sire)
and
the Butlers of Kayer and Munphin, Co Wexford (descendants of Richard 1st Viscount Mountgarrett)


1798 CLAIMANTS FOR LOSSES INCURRED DURING THE REBELLION

List of persons who suffered Losses of Property, in the County of Wexford in 1798, published in 1800. (Source- Find My Past)
A number of Butlers were listed for  Co. Wexford, including a George Butler, occupation: 'mason'; residence: Ferns; place loss sustained: Residence; nature of loss: bed, bedding, wearing apparel, provision, gun; sum claimed £24.7s.1d.; sum allowed- blank

This is the only record found of a Butler living in Ferns at the time of the Rebellion. Notably Laurence Butler named his third son born in Sydney, George Patrick. And the name George has been favoured by Laurence's two sons when naming their sons. Could this George Butler have been a son, brother, cousin, or father of Laurence Butler? Or does the fact that he claimed for losses indicate that he was a Protestant? Notably his claim was not allowed. He was possibly the father of Thomas Butler of Newtown who named his second son George. The name continued through his descendant's lines- see below Butler of Newtown

Other claimants in Co. Wexford:
Alice Butler; widow, from Marly (near Marshallstown NW of Enniscorthy); Loss-  cloaths, bedding, implements of husbandry, sum claimed and allowed £27.19s.8d (Alice Butler of Marley (in Monart, NW of Enniscorthy) reported her husband Richard Butler 'murdered at Enniscorthy 28th May', and house and offices burned, leaving three children 'reduced to want'. (Musgrave's Memoirs, p.737)
Ann Butler, widow, from Clough (between Ferns and Gorey), loss- residence, furniture, cloth for sale, wheels; sum claimed and allowed £40.6s.11d.
(Probably wife of William Butler of Clough/Clogh near Leskinfere killed by rebels at Gorey on 22 June 1798, and therefore Protestant) 
Catherine Butler, place loss sustained- New Ross, living in Bath, loss- houses destroyed; sum claimed not allowed £260.2s.9d.
Elizabeth Butler, widow, from Ballicomlone (east of Gorey); loss- house burned, corn growing, furniture, sum claimed not allowed £70.14s.9d
(Husband killed leaving her with 3 children; could also be Eliza Butler of Prospect, near Ballycomclone, whose husband was in the Gorey Cavalry and killed leaving her with 3 children. The Ballycomclone Butlers descend from Richard Butler of Banoge who married Catherine dau. of William of Ballycooge Co. Wicklow son of William of Banoge who died 1763- a Protestant line.)
Elizabeth Butler, from Enniscorthy, loss- furniture, watch, shop utensils, sum claimed not allowed £30
George Butler, farmer, from Balahast (Ballyhast, near Leskinfere and Clough, between Ferns and Gorey), loss- horse, sheep, lambs, furniture, potatoes, sum claimed not allowed £44.102.11d
(George,brother of William Butler of Clough was reportedly murdered by the rebels at the Battle of Ballyellis)
George Butler, farmer, from Moneylane (Moneylawn near Ballyhast and Clough-possibly same George as above record), loss- oatmeal, wheat, potatoes, cattle, sum claimed £22.2s.0d. sum allowed £15.2s.0d
Henry Butler, yeoman, from Churchtown (near Clough), loss-cloaths, sum claimed and allowed £8.5s.10d. (related to William and George)
Henry Butler, stonecutter, from Newtownbarry (on border with Co. Carlow), loss- house, sum claimed not allowed £19.3s.0d.
James Butler, farmer, from Ballicomlone (near Gorey), loss- house, mare, corn, hay, nets, cloaths, sum claimed and allowed £93.9s.7d. (a Protestant line)
James Butler, farmer, from Clone (between Ferns and Enniscorthy), loss- heifer, sheep, profit of cows, cloaths, sum claimed not allowed £47.5s.1d.
James Butler Sen., farmer, from Ballicomlone (near Gorey), loss- house burned, horses, sheep, sum claimed not allowed £57.1s.7d. (a Protestant line)
Nathaniel Butler, shopkeeper, from Gorey, loss- hardware, spirits, groceries, cloaths, sum claimed and allowed £78.6s.1d.
Nathaniel Butler, from Churchtown, loss- furniture, heifer, cloaths, profit of cows, sum claimed not allowed £96.3s.2d
Nathaniel Butler, farmer, from Churchtown, loss- sheep, lambs, furniture, house, sum claimed £233.2s.5d. sum allowed £224.7s.4d
Philip Butler, yeoman, from Newtownbarry, loss- mare, wearing apparel, windows broke, sum claimed not allowed £15.1s.8d
Pierce Butler, yeoman, from Churchtown, loss- cloaths, sum claimed and allowed £9.4s.2d.
Richard Butler, farmer, from Banoughe (Banoge, near Gorey), loss- cattle, cloaths, house, sum claimed £30.11s.8d., sum allowed £30.0s.8d.
Thomas Butler, yeoman, from Banauge (Banoge near Gorey), loss- house, furniture, corn, cloaths, saddles, sum claimed not allowed £39.19s.11d.
Tobias Butler, from Old Ross, loss- furniture, ironmongery, mare, potatoes, su, claimed not allowed £48.14s.0d.
William Butler, farmer, from Banoge, loss- furniture, provisions, cattle, implements of husbandry, sum claimed £40.4s.11d. sum allowed £38.2s.11d. (most of the Butlers of Banoge were a Protestant line) 

CENSUS RECORDS AVAILABLE
The earliest records that can be looked at are the Tithe Applotment Books of 1823-1837 and the 1853 Griffith's Valuation of Ireland, and it must be remembered this was taken one hundred years after Laurence's birth, during which time, the numbers of Butlers would have multiplied considerably. Of the 1,960 Butlers named in the Griffiths Valuation of the whole of Ireland, only 114 Butlers were listed in Co. Wexford, four of them named 'Laurence/Lawrence . (NB. Only eight Butlers named Laurence in the whole of Ireland). Many of those named in the Griffiths Valuation owned or leased more than one property, so in reality, the number of Butlers in Wexford was much less than that. The number of Butlers recorded in the Tithe Applotment Books of 1823-37 which only recorded those living on more than one acre of land, not those living on town allotments, was less than 50.; there were nine Butlers named Laurence/Lawrence in all Ireland in the Tithe Applotment Books, three of whom were in Wexford.
In more recent times, there are the Census records of 1901 and 1911 at the National Archives, which can help confirm family relationships in the 1800's.

The name of Laurence/Lawrence appears to have been a fairly common name in other Wexford families at that time, and in the preceding centuries. As there are few records of the name Laurence in the Butler families of Wexford, it is possible that Laurence's name came from his maternal grandfather, therefore he would probably have been a younger son. Records for Butlers named Laurence pre 1800 are few and far between as this was not a common Butler name, although this appears to have changed in the mid to late 1800s when quite a few Butlers of that name appear in Co. Wexford, both north and south.


RECORDS OF OCCUPIERS OF LAND IN FERNS IN THE 19TH CENTURY

The Tithe Applotment Books compiled between 1823 and 1837 were used to determine the amount which occupiers of agricultural holdings over one acre should pay in tithes to the Church of Ireland. They only record the names of heads of families.

The records for Ferns in 1824 include the following Butlers:
Edward Butler (with a X) at Coolpuck= 35 acres valued at £1.15s
Widow Butler (with James handwritten beside) at Coolpuck = 22 ac 1r 5p valued at £2.15.8
Edward Butler at Coolpuck = 22 ac 1r 5p valued at £2.15.8
(Others at Coolpuck:
Coolpuck Paddock part of B of _?_,  4 ac. value £11.15;
Chamneys _?_ Coppice,  50 ac. value £2.10.4)

Thomas Butler at Newtown =7ac 2r valued at 15s.
John Butler Snr at Coolatore (just south of Ferns) =70ac valued at £6.14.2
John Butler Jnr at Coolatore = 6 ac 5p valued at 12s.1d
Pierce Butler at Ballintore (Parish of Kilbride) adjacent to Coolatore


  Map of Ferns and Coolatore and Ballintore


The following newspaper article shows the list of those in northern County Wexford granted a licence to keep arms in 1843, including the Ferns Butlers of Craan, Newtown and Coolpuck:




THE  BUTLERS OF COOLPUCK, FERNS


Map of Ferns, showing proximity of Coolpuck, Newtown, Craan, Rosemary Hill

The 1824 Tithe Applotment Books reveal there were two Butler families living at Coolpuck, a farm only short distance up the road from Ferns.
Edward Butler and Widow Butler (with James written beside):


And a second record showing Butlers at Coolpuck and Coolatore:


These families, descended from Edward Butler and James Butler, were still living there at the time of the 1853 Griffiths Valuation, and continued living there into the 20th century They were possibly brothers, both born pre 1800. By the time of the 1824 record, James had died and his widow was working the farm.

A James Butler and a James Butler Jnr were recorded as living in Ferns at the adjacent farmland called Coolpuck, in the 1853 Griffiths Land Valuation. James Butler was from a family known locally as the 'Cooley' Butlers. James Butler Junior came from a separate Catholic family, and were probably closely related (possibly James Butler Snr was brother to Edward Butler, although one was Catholic and other Protestant). The repetitive use of the names James and Edward in these families makes it very difficult to sort out.
1.James Butler, son of Edward Butler, was married to Ann.
2.James Butler Jnr, son of James Butler, was married to Bridget Butler (probably daughter of Michael Butler and Sally Neille of Coolalene and Ballyduff- Bridget born 8 June 1821 -M/Film 04254/07 p12.).

Notably the 1853 Griffiths Valuation also records several adjacent tenement properties in the Main Street of Ferns, owned by a James Butler. There were also two properties  leased to an Edward Butler. Where these two fit into the family is uncertain. This James may have been one of the Coolpuck Butlers.

In 1853, James Butler was leasing 36 acres at No. 5 Coolpuck from the Trustees of St Patrick's Hospital, yearly rateable value £26.
I would suggest the same property as the first Edward Butler farming 35 acres in the 1824 Tithe Applotment Book, James’s father. James was born in 1812, and married an Ann. 
(St Peter's Cemetery records)

The Family of the FIRST FAMILY at COOLPUCK, FERNS
In 1853, James Butler Junior was leasing 99 acres at Nos. 4A and 4B Coolpuck from the Trustees of St Patrick's Hospital, yearly rateable value £43. He was the son of the Widow Butler (with name of James in brackets after) who was farming at Coolpuck in the 1824 Tithe Applotment Book, and married to Bridget. He also owned and rented out two houses on the property, value 10s.
One of his tenants, at No. 4a, was named Eliza Carton.
No 4b- a tenant, W. Thomas was named as the occupier.

James Butler junior born/bap 29 August 1849 ( M/F 04254/09-p.63) was the son of the James Butler junior named in the 1853 Griffiths and his wife Bridget Butler. James  married a Mary Murphy who was born c.1851. They had three issue: Bridget b.1875, Patrick b. 1878 and Ellen b.1880. When James Junior died after the birth of their daughter Ellen b.19/3/1880, his widow Mary married Patrick Carton (b.1830- Eliza Carton's son?) in 1881, and Mary's son by Butler, Patrick Butler aged 21  was living with them in the 1901 Census (interestingly described as a 'farm servant'). When she married Carton in c.1881, her son's inherited land became Carton's. They were all described as Catholic, including Mary's son Patrick. Carton eventually also took over the other Coolpuck Butler's property. The Coolpuck Butlers got into financial difficulties and the local postmaster George Chapman bailed the Butlers out and took over the farm and at a later stage sold it to Patrick Carton who amalgamated both holdings.




For the baptisms of James and Bridget Butler's children, they gave the address of Rosemary Hillon, which is opposite Coolpuck, although they lived at Coolpuck. This was a Catholic family. It is believed that James snr was a distant relation of the Newtown Butlers, before they became connected through the Murphy wives.
James Butler was witness to a Murphy baptism at Rosemary Hill in 1802.

The birth record of Patrick Butler has:
Patrick Butler
Birth: 21 March 1878
Place: Coolpuck, Wexford
Father: James Butler (junior)
Mother: Mary Murphy
(Source: Family Search.com-  FHL Film No 256000- Ref. ID: v4-2 p.761)
Notably, Patrick Butler and his sisters were baptised as Catholic . Thomas Butler of Newtown was his sponsor.
The birth record of daughter Ellen Butler has date 19 March 1880, so father James must have died about that time.

UPDATE:
A Y-DNA test (37 marker) on a male descendant of Patrick Butler, son of James and Bridget Butler of Coolpuck shows there is not a Y-DNA match with the Australian 4x great grandson of Laurence Butler, although they were both of the same Haplogroup- I1, subclade I-M253 which would mean they shared a common ancestor in the far distant past.

Both properties of the Butler families of Coolpuck contained 3 roomed houses with four front facing windows, and several outbuildings.

The family of the SECOND BUTLER FAMILY AT COOLPUCK:

Edward Butler Senior was recorded as living at Coolpuck in 1824 (Ireland Tithe Applotment Books), and was born c.1770.

Edward Butler 1770-1847 and Elizabeth 1773-1833 of Coolpuck and their son James Butler 1812-1870, and several other family members  were all buried at St Peter's Cemetery Ferns (see below).

An Edward Butler was sponsor to a Bulger baptism at neighbouring Rosemary Hill in 1833, and an Edward Butler married Winefred Carton on 17 November 1842 in Ferns (M/F 04254/09 p.156). Presumably this was Edward's second marriage, after the death of his first wife Elizabeth.His witness was Thomas Carton.

Edward's son James Butler and wife Anne had three sons named:
Edward (b.c.1836, d.1898)  
Richard (b.c.1842, d. bet.1901-1911) 
Robert Butler (b.c.1844-46, d.aft. 1911) 
(Richard and Robert also living at Coolpuck in 1901 Census- described as brothers-in-law to Edward's widow Susanna Butler described as 'Head' of family; in 1911 census- only Robert alive, described as 'Head' of family and Edward Jnr aged 36 described as 'nephew'.)





According to IGI records (familysearch.org):
Edward Butler, son of James Butler, married Susanna Hopkins dau. of Edward Hopkins on 8 December 1862 at Enniscorthy. Susanna was closely related to the prominent jewelry firm Hopkins and Hopkins of Sackville/ O'Connell Street Dublin, and came from Shillelagh Co Wicklow.
Edward died in 1898, before the 1901 Census.
Edward and Susanna had issue:
Elizabeth/Eliza, born 16 December 1865 (age 36 in 1901 Census, living with mother at Coolpuck), married John Stephen who was living with the family in 1901 Census.
Sarah, b. 21 May 1868 at Ferns
James, b.11 December 1872 at Ferns
Edward, b.15 February 1875 (age 26 in 1901, living with mother at Coolpuck), plus an unnamed female born same date, at Ferns
Susan b.17 July 1880 at Coolpuck, Ferns, married 1903 in Dublin to John Kavanagh of Rosemary Hill, Ferns, and had 9 issue.

The George Bassett, Wexford Co. Guide and Directory 1885, p.336- Farmers and Land Owners- Butler, Edward, Coolpuck.

Cantwell’s burials- St Peters Ferns
BUTLER- Sacred to the memory of ELIZABETH BUTLER of Coolpuck who departed this life 18th August 1833 aged 60 years,
Also her husband EDWARD BUTLER November 15th 1847 aged 77 years.
Also her grandson JOHN BUTLER January 20th 1860 aged 15 years.
Also her son JAMES BUTLER Sept 14th 1870 aged 58 years.
Also his wife ANNE BUTLER Feb 23rd 1887 aged 81 yrs.
Also their son EDWARD BUTLER who died in Oct 1898 aged 62 years.
Also his wife’s son (Sam?) who died 6th Oct 1902 aged 65 years.


Griffiths Valuation map of Coolpuck


There are several records of the Ferns and Coolpuck Butlers in the Irish Petty Sessions Court Registers 1828-1912 (Find My Past):

21 March 1853- James Butler, farmer of town of Ferns was fined for having a cart in use on the public street in Enniscorthy without the owner's name or residence painted thereon.
29 August 1853- Bridget Butler, married woman of Town of Ferns accused Edward Butler of Coolpuck of 'making use of abusive language towards her at Ferns so as to excite her to commit a breach of the peace'
 (Bridget wife of James Butler of Coolpuck- see above)

3 April 1854- James Butler of Town of Ferns accused a labourer of 'refusing to deliver up the Complainant the quiet and peacable possession of a dwelling house situate in the Town of Ferns which the said Complainant alleges he holds from him as weekly tenant and that his tenancy has terminated by a notice to quit'.

6 September 1859- Edward Butler of Coolpuck accused of using threatening language

11 February 1861- Edward Butler of Coolpuck was fined for taking a pair of handcuffs from a constable in Enniscorthy.
21 June 1861- Edward Butler of Coolpuck, farmer, accused Timothy FitzPatrick of Newtownbarry, labourer, 'at Newtownbarry, one hog pig of the goods and chattels of James Butler, feloniously did steal, take and carry away'. The defendant was ordered to be taken for trial at Wexford Quarter Sessions.
29 June 1861- Edward Butler, farmer of Coolpuck, accused of being drunk on a public street in Newtownbarry and fined 2 shillings
21 July 1874- Edward Butler of Coolpuck accused of riding a horse along a Camolin street endangering others.
10 April 1877- James Butler of Coolpuck accused of owning a gun without a licence under the Gun Licensing Act.
8 May 1877- James Butler of Coolpuck accused of carrying an unlicensed gun in an area prohibited from doing so under the Gun Licensing Act of 1870.
14 May 1878- James Butler of Coolpuck accused of having an unlicensed dog in his possession
14 January 1879- Edward Butler of Coolpuck refused to let road contractor enter Butler's quarry at Coolpuck to obtain materials for road repairs.
9 March 1886- Sarah Butler of Coolpuck  refused to pay servant 5 pounds in wages- dismissed.
10 May 1887- Edward Butler of Coolpuck, farmer, accused Patrick Carton of Coolpuck, farmer, of allowing his 11 sheep and 7 lambs to trespass on the Complainant's cabbage plants and damage them which were then growing- order: dismissed without prejudice.
3 February 1892- Patrick Butler was a witness for Defendant Patrick Carton of Coolpuck who was accused of being drunk in charge of a horse and cart in Camolin.
7 March 1894- Edward Butler of Coolpuck accused 2 men for trespassing on his land with dogs to catch game.
3 October 1894- Edward Butler of Coolpuck accused of threatening a gamekeeper with a gun- dismissed.
3 December 1902- Edward Butler of Coolpuck accused of refusing to pay for trespass of 2 sows on a neighbour's farm.
5 August 1904- Elizabeth Butler of Coolpuck (unmarried daughter of Edward Butler) accused Richard Butler of Coolpuck (her uncle) of unlawfully catching her by the arms and pushing her about, and threatening to take her life, and on the 2nd August of attempting to choke her- order: to be discharged.

In the 1901 Census, House No 2 Coolpuck

Husband deceased- Edward Butler d. 1898 
Susan Butler (nee Hopkins), 60, widow,  farmer and head of the household at Coolpuck, living with her daughter Eliza 36,
her son Edward Butler, 26, 
and her brothers-in-law Richard Butler, 59, and Robert Butler, 57
and Eliza's future husband John Stephen. 
Notably their religious profession was "Irish Church", not Catholic, so it would appear that part of the Coolpuck family changed their religion to Protestant.

In 1911 Census- only Robert Butler, nephew Edward Butler, and Eliza/Elizabeth and her husband John Stephens lived at Coolpuck.

1901 Census- House No 1 Coolpuck:

Patrick Carton, Head, RC, R &W, age 70 (b 1831), farmer (NB signed with his mark)
Mary Carton, wife, RC, age 55 (b.1751/2), farmer (nee Murphy, widow of James Butler jnr)
Hue Carton, son, RC, R &W, age 13, scholar
Daniel Carton, son, RC, R &W, age 1o
Kate Carton, son, RC, R&W, age 8
Patrick Butler, servant, RC, R&W, age 21, b.1880, farm servant (NB. son of Mary and James Butler Jnr)

Abstract showed 2 dwelling houses and 2 families living in this townland of Coolpuck:

Dwelling- 3 rooms with 4 windows in front.
Outbuildings- 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 2 piggeries, 1 barn, 1 shed, total 9 outbuildings

1911 Census- House No 1 Coolpuck:

Patrick Carton, 81, married 30 years
Mary Carton, 59, 5 children still living, to present marriage- NB only three shown in 1901 and 1911 Census, so two eldest must have left home before 1901 Census).
Kate 17, Hugh 22, Daniel 20.
NB Patrick Butler no longer living there.

According to a source, Patrick Butler was the son of Mary Carton nee Butler nee Murphy and lost his inheritance to Carton when his mother remarried to Patrick Carton.

Mary was the widow of James Butler Junior of Coolpuck, a Catholic family. Her first husband James Butler must have died between 1880 (birth of daughter) and 1881 when she remarried Patrick Carton, a tenant, in c. 1881. As Patrick Butler was still an infant, her second husband brought him up, so it is interesting that he was classed as a "servant" in the Census record. Both of Mary's husbands were considerably older than she was.

My grateful thanks to Jim Doyle for sharing his research on these families with me.


THE  BUTLERS OF NEWTOWN, FERNS

A Catholic family of Butlers lived on farmland adjacent to Ferns, up the road from Upper Ferns, at Newtown, in the 1853 Griffiths Valuation and in the 1901 & 1911 Census records.
In the 1824 Tithe Applotment Book, Thomas Butler was farming at Newtown on 7 acres 2 roods, valued at 15s. By 1853, Thomas still owned a house which was let, but was also leasing 23 acres of farmland and a house and offices from John J. White.

1824 tithe Applotment Book- Newtown


Newtown House near Ferns 

The Landlords of the Newtown House Property:

In the Tithe Applotment Books, a list of landowners in 1825 names Richard Donovan and John Lewis White for Ferns Parish, Scarawalsh.

In 1831, Thomas Henry White lodged a letter about the tithes he had to pay on his lands, described as “the Town and Lands of Upper Ferns, Newtown and Asknamoe, otherwise Anemoe, containing 361 acres”.
He stated his address as Gloucester Street, City of Dublin.
His letter included a hand drawn map of his lands. Notably ‘Mr Donovan’s Estate is written adjacent to the Newtown estate, and included Craan/Crane. 

Also notable is the Chapel marked on the eastern side of the Carnew Road halfway between Newtown and Ferns Upper, the location of the original chapel at Newtown, burned down during the rebellion and rebuilt in 1824

(NB orientation of map incorrect, as Newtown is NW of Upper Ferns)
Thomas Lewis White's map included with his letter of 1831


The Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 1837 by Samuel Lewis, in a description of Ferns, described R. Donovan Esq as proprietor of the town and the largest estate in the parish.
In a book edited by John Donovan (‘Annala Rioghachta Eireann’, Volume 6), he gave a brief history of Ferns, saying that: the property of Ferns was forfeited after the Rebellion of 1641, and was granted by patent to Arthur Parsons comprising the townlands of Upper Ferns, the Castle part of the town, Agheremore, alias Agnemore, alias Aghnemore, and various other townlands, with their appurtenances containing 1070 acres. Thomas Kieran, by his will dated 20 January 1694, bequeathed all of the above townlands unto his brother-in-law, Richard Donovan of Clonmore, his heirs and assigns.
Agnemore would appear to refer to Anemoe alias Asknemoe (now Askinamoe adjacent to the north of Newtown). The spelling in both documents appears to be uncertain.

In the 1853 Griffiths Valuation, John J. White was the landlord of Thomas Butler’s property at Newtown. He was also the landlord of the lands of Askinamoe, as well as several properties in Upper Ferns, while the Donovans continued to own lands in Upper Ferns, Ferns, Lower Ferns, Castleland and surrounding areas.


It is uncertain when and how White acquired the lands- did he acquire them from Donovan?

Thomas Butler of Newtown's family:

The name of George appears frequently in the various descendant lines of Thomas Butler of Newtown. It is therefore possible that Thomas may have been the son or brother of the George Butler of Ferns named in the List of persons who suffered Losses of Property, in the County of Wexford in 1798, published in 1800 (Source- Find My Past):

George Butler, occupation: 'mason'; residence: Ferns; place loss sustained: Residence; nature of loss: bed, bedding, wearing apparel, provision, gun; sum claimed £24.7s.1d.; sum allowed- blank

Thomas Butler of Newtown married Mary Byrne and had issue: 
1.William born c. 1809 (see carving on Newtown House below) 
2.George  born in 1813 (refer to Petty Court Registers case- see below) 
3.Thomas b.1821 at Newtown (MF 04254/07 p.12) d. bef 1830
4.Catherine b.1824 Ferns (M/F 07 p.22)
5.Thomas b.1830 Ferns (M/F 07 p57). 

Thomas who was born about 1780-1790, was still alive in 1853 when named as the occupier of Newtown in the Griffiths Valuation.

Notably, there is a baptism in the Enniscorthy Catholic Parish Records (NLI) for the baptism of a Laurence Butler to parents Thomas and Ann Butler, dated 20 August 1822, sponsor Bridget Butler. Whether this relates to this family is unknown.



The family homestead, Newtown House, is still there, and is made of stone, and once had a thatched roof now replaced with slate. It is two storied with five front facing windows. Looking at the lines of the stones, the second story could be a later extension. Interestingly, there are several carved stone blocks set into the front wall, one of which has WB 1809, possibly marking the birth year of eldest son and heir William. Second son George was born in 1813 (see below). There is also an elaborate stylized ring carving with some sort of unidentified symbol underneath. As various historic church buildings in Ferns were undergoing renovations and repairs at the time, George Butler, the mason, may have 'purloined' one of the stones from church sites, although the stone appears to have come from elsewhere and not of local origin. A book on "A History of Ferns" written by  Christopher Power, suggests that some of the ornamental work on the now ruined St Peter's Church in Main Street, may have been taken from the ruins of Clone Church, quarried over the centuries of useable materials for repairs like those carried out on St Peter's Church.
Below these blocks is a block with the name Butler in cursive handwriting, carved into the block. There is a letter preceding the name followed by a colon, which looks like a B: , but could be an L: . As there are no names beginning with B in this family, it is unknown what the B could signify. If a script letter L, it would be an extremely exciting find in our quest to find Laurence's family in Wexford.
The name 'Butler' is also followed by a date which looks like 1775. Another stone adjacent to it also has the year 1775 carved into it. Could this be the year the house was built? 
The stone could also be a 'signature stone' put there by the builder or cabinet maker, which was a fairly common practice in the 1700's.


? :Butler
?


year 1775






(photos courtesy of Jim Doyle)

Thomas's son William who was a shoemaker by trade, inherited the Newtown farm which in turn passed down to his son Thomas who was there with his family in the 1901 and 1911 Census's. Notably the trade of shoemaker continued down through the sons and grandsons.

William Butler married Ellen May 28 Sept 1845 at Ferns (M/F 09 p.161)

Baptismal records of Ferns RC church:
Issue of William and Ellen May:
1.Thomas bap. 29 July 1846 (M/F 09 p.45- aged '61' in 1911 Census), d.1929 (see below)- inherited Newtown farm.

Thomas Butler b.1846 
(courtesy of granddaughter Molly)


2.Edward b.? (see below- Edward & Mary Ann named as next of kin by brother William)
3.Mary Anne b.1847 Ferns (M/F 09 p53) - a Mary Ann Butler had an illegitimate son James by John  Sheehan at Ferns in 1867 (M/F/ 09 p.115)
4.Catherine b.22.10.1855 (M/F 09 p.83)
5.William b.15.3.1857 (M/F/ 09 p.87)- see below
6.George b.16/10/1859 (M/F/09 p94)- a descendant of Thomas thinks that George emigrated to America or Australia at some time.

George Butler b.1859
(courtesy of grandniece Molly)


William's son William Butler (Junior), born 1857 Ferns, occupation shoemaker, enlisted in the Sth Lancashire Regiment at Liverpool in 1876 aged 19, after nearly a year in the Wexford Militia. He served in England for two years before embarking for India where he served from 1878 to 1882, in west Bengal. He was described as 5'61/4", grey eyes and brown hair, with good muscular development. Next of kin named as brothers Thomas, Edward and George, and sister Mary Anne. He was in possession of a Third Class Certificate of Education and received a good conduct badge. When discharged his intended place of residence was Ferns.
(Chelsea Pensioners Discharge Documents- Box 119, soldier No. 405- Find my Past)






The elder Thomas Butler of Newtown's sons William and George appeared in the Irish Petty Session Court Registers 1828-1912 (Find My Past):

13 November 1859- William Butler of Newtown, Parish of Ferns, shoemaker, accused of being drunk on the public street of Ferns and fined 1 shilling and costs.

In June 1853, Thomas had a falling out with his son George.
20 June 1853 Court of Ferns (Irish Petty Session Court Registers 1828-1912 (Find My Past):
Complainant: Thomas Butler, farmer, Townland of Newtown, Parish of Ferns
Defendant: George Butler, labourer, Townland of Newtown
Cause of Complaint: For that the Defendant did make use of threatening language towards the Complainant at Newtown on the 10th June 1853. And also that he did throw several stones at him with intent to assault him whereby the Complainant requires Defendant to show cause why sureties to keep the peace should not be given by him. 
Order: that an information be taken and a warrant issued for apprehension of defendant.

George was subsequently arrested.  He appears in the Ireland Prison Registers 1790-1924 (Familysearch.org):
George Butler
Event Year:1853
Residence: Ferns
Age: 40 (Birth year estimated 1813)
Prison: Wexford Prison
Offence: Assault
(Item No. 3 Book No. 1/40/1)

27 June 1853 Ferns Court -Irish Petty Session Court Registers 1828-1912 (Find My Past):
Complainant: Thomas Butler of Newtown
Defendant: George Butler of Newtown
Complaint repeated.
Order: that the defendant be bound over to keep the peace towards his Father and Mother in the sum of 10 pounds and fund 2 sureties in 5 pounds, etc.

The Prison Register record above, gives George's birth year as 1813. As he appears to have been a younger son, the eldest son William must have been born pre 1812 (1809?- as suggested by the stone insert in the house wall), and therefore their father Thomas Butler must have been born before 1790 and Thomas's father must have been born before 1772 (possibly George Butler the mason, or even Laurence Butler) .

A George Butler married Margaret Connors on 9 October 1845 at Kilrush, Barony of Scarawalsh (a few miles north of Ferns) (Familysearch.org).

A George Butler of Enniscorthy St Marys was accused of being drunk in a public street in the Enniscorthy Petty Sessions Court on 14 April 1873- whether this was the same George of Newtown is not clear.

In the Griffiths Valuation of 1853:

Newtown- No 9a- Thomas Butler, occupier, owned by J. White, house, offices and 23 acres of land, rateable value 11 pounds. He owned an adjacent house No. 9b valued at 5s. which he had let.

Griffiths Valuation map of Ferns, Newtown and Coolpuck

1853 Griffiths Valuation- Newtown

There are no further property records until 1901, so it is unknown when Thomas Butler Senior died and his son William took over. William, shoemaker, was described as 'of Newtown' in 1859 (see above)- whether that meant he had inherited the farm by then, or was just living with his father and running the farm, given his father's advanced age, can't be determined. William's eldest son and heir Thomas was described as 'of Newtown' in 1877 (see below).

Thomas Butler (the younger) (b.1846- d.1929) and Jane Murphy (b.c.1861) were married c.1880 (married 31 years in 1911 census). Thomas inherited the Newtown property.
Jane Murphy was the sister of Mary Murphy the wife of James Butler Junior of Coolpuck (see above) and then Patrick Carton.

There are several other references to Thomas Butler of Newtown in the Irish Petty Session Court Registers:

9 October 1877- Thomas Butler of Newtown accused a man for neglecting to pay for goods sold to him
9 March 1886- Thomas Butler of Newtown accused of taking earth and stones from the road without permission
4 May 1892-  Thomas Butler of Newtown- accused of non-payment for work done
6 March 1901Thomas Butler of Newtown accused of being drunk on a public street in Ferns
2 January 1901Anne Butler of Newtown accused of stealing a neighbour's turnips and fined.


In the 1901 Census, Thomas Butler, 51 (b.1850?), Catholic, a farmer and shoemaker, and his wife Jane, had several children, with sons named Patrick (aged 17, b.1884) shoemaker, George (aged 8, b.1893), Edward (aged 7, b. 1893)  and Thomas (aged 2, b. 1900), and daughters Mary Ann 15, Honor 12, Jane 5, Susan 3.
The house was described as 'built' (not a 'building'), made of stone with a thatched roof, 5 rooms, 2 windows in the front, 2 outhouses or farm 'steadings'.

In the 1911 census, Thomas Butler, 61 (?), Jane 50, George 17, Edward 16, Susan 12, Thomas 11 and Kathleen 6.
The house was described as built and made of stone with a thatched roof, 3 rooms (maybe internal walls were knocked down to enlarge the rooms), 2 windows in front, and 6 out offices or farm 'steadings'. (The description of 2 windows confirms that the house was single story)

Thomas Butler's son George (b.1893) 
(Courtesy of daughter Molly Butler)

Information supplied by a descendant has the following issue of Thomas Butler and Jane Murphy:
William 1880-1966; Patrick 1884-?; Mary Ann (Sr. Canice) 1886-1971; Honor 1888-1954; George 1892-?; Edward (Ned) 1893-1966; Susan 1898-1922; Thomas 1890-1891; Jane 1898-1952; Thomas 1900-1976; Ellen 1904-1943; Kathleen (Katie) 1905-1982

Another source gave the following baptismal dates:
William 27 June 1880
Ellen 11 January 1882
Patrick ?
Mary Ann 19 March 1886
Honora 19 November 1888
Thomas 26 April 1891; died bef 1900
George 12 September 1892; married Maggie Dunbar 9 feb 1920
Edward 9 October 1893
Mary ? 11 May 1896 
Susan 15 July 1898
Jane ?
Thomas 27 April 1900; married Susan Kavanagh
Catherine (Kathleen?) 14 March 1905
Ellen ?

The son Edward was the last of the Butlers to live at Newtown and died in 1966 leaving no issue.

The Newtown Butlers were related to the Catholic Coolpuck Butlers by marriage- Thomas's wife Jane Murphy was the sister of Mary Carton nee Butler nee Murphy


One member of the Newtown Butlers emigrated to Victoria and  married in Ballarat  during the late 19th century, as there was a photo of the Ballarat marriage taken at Willett's Studio in Sturt Street Ballarat hanging on the Newtown Butler's homestead wall in Ferns. Unfortunately his/her name is unknown.

                                        (photo- courtesy of Jim Doyle and Molly Butler)


Adjacent to Newtown, at Craan, No. 3a- a John Butler leased 81 acres 3r 13p comprising a house, offices and land, from Richard Donovan, rateable value £25.5s. John Butler also owned the adjacent house, No. 3b valued at 10s. (in the Griffiths Valuation)
Was this the same John Butler that was at Coolatore in the 1824 Tithe Applotment  Book, and was he related to the Newtown Butlers?


In the Griffiths Valuation- Town of Ferns:

No.14 Main Street- tenement 8- occupier James Butler- owned by Richard Donovan
No 20 Main Street- tenements 10 to 16, and 18 to 22, all owned by James Butler, with tenements No. 17 occupied by James Butler but owned by Trustees of Swifts Hospital, and tenement No. 24 owned by Edward Butler.
No. 18 Main Street Ferns Upper, occupier Edward Butler, owned by James Butler

Griffiths Valuation Map of Ferns Upper, Main Street, showing tenements owned by James Butler, and Edward Butler

OTHER RECORDS FOR BUTLERS IN FERNS

There are also baptismal records in Ferns R.C. Church for Butlers in the mid-nineteenth century:

Mary Butler (b.c.1836, d.1906) married Thomas Roche and had issue Mary Anne baptised 28.3.1862; Ellen 23.8.1863; John Thomas 28.3.1865; and Patrick.
Notably, Mary Ann and John Thomas were sponsored by Elizabeth Lett, and Patrick by Robert Lett. The Letts of Enniscorthy were involved in the Rebellion, and Stephen Lett of Enniscorthy was a cabinet maker. Mary Butler remarried to Robert Moulds.

Margaret Butler married Michael O'Neill- son Sylvestor bap 3.2.1863- the O'Neill's farm adjoined the Butler's farm.

CONCLUSION ABOUT THE BUTLERS OF NEWTOWN AND COOLPUCK

In my opinion, there is a likelihood that these Catholic Butlers of Ferns are descendants or close relatives of Laurence Butler and wife Catherine,  and the link with the name of 'George' in the Newtown Butler families and Laurence Butler's family would also give weight to this argument. Only a Y-DNA test would prove the link- and a recent Y-DNA test of a descendant of Patrick Butler of one of the Coolpuck families has proved to be not a match with the Australian born 4x great grandson of Laurence Butler. Whether this discounts the other Coolpuck family and the Newtown family is uncertain.

We have established there were at least three families of Butlers living in Ferns pre-1800- Thomas Butler of Newtown, Edward Butler of Coolpuck, and James Butler of Coolpuck, all of whose descendants continued to live there until the late 1900's. It is possible they were brothers or cousins. There was also the George Butler, the mason, living in Ferns pre-1798. And, nearby, a John Butler and Pierce Butler in 1824, living a mile or so south of Ferns. How they fit into the family picture is unknown. The identity of the James Butler who owned the block of tenements in Main Street Ferns in the 1853 Griffiths has not been established, but could have been one of the Coolpuck Butlers.

The one disturbing factor to make these relationships with Laurence doubtful is the fact that none of the above families named a son Laurence, and yet the naming practices of the following generations followed the usual pattern. This could have been due to the shame associated with Laurence's convict status and active participation in the rebellion which left feelings of distrust and hatred between Protestants and Catholics in the county for some time afterwards. Sons may not have wanted to publicize their relationship with a convicted rebel- notably his Colonial children did the same, and went to live in parts of the colony where their parental convict status was unknown, and none of their descendants knew of their convict ancestor until recent research. Or it may point to the fact that he was not related to these families at all. It is possible that he only had daughters, or his wife may have been barren. It could also indicate that he was from elsewhere in the county and a recent arrival in Ferns, although he seemed to be well acquainted with local residents and trial witnesses who called him 'Larry'. There is also the possibility that he came from another county. Unfortunately we will never know for sure, which is why other possible family groups in the county will be explored below.

There is a further interesting link with the Newtown Butlers, which predates the 1798 Rebellion. During this period of the Penal Laws, the building that served as a Catholic mass house for Ferns and probably made of mud daub and thatch, was located at Newtown.

Is it possible that Laurence was the father of Thomas Butler of Newtown, and that he lived in the original house at Newtown, near the Catholic mass house?



FERNS

There are two contemporary buildings that were in Ferns when Laurence was living in Ferns, and may have been relevant to the Butler family.


The first is St Peter's Church which is now in ruins in the St Peter's graveyard where the Coolpuck Butlers, and some of the Newtown Butlers are buried.


(courtesy of www. archaelogy.ie/Monumentof the MonthFernsco.Wexford)

The above website describes St Peters Church:

It appears that it was actually constructed toward the end of the 16th century, constructed by recycling parts of older churches at Ferns.


Thomas and Jane Butler of Newtown, James Butler and wife Mary Murphy (Carton) and son Patrick, and her sons Dan and Hugh Carton, and the Butlers of Coolpuck, all have burial plots in the cemetery attached to St Peter's.


The National Inventory of Archaeological Heritage at www. buildingsofireland.ie lists the following building (No. 15612004).

Saint Edan's/St Aidan's latterly Saint Edan's House, Ferns, County Wexford

It describes it as:
Farmyard complex in Ferns Demesne, between 1785-1840, including: detached nine-bay deep two storey stable complex on a quadrangular plan. In use as a tannery 1935-57. Set in grounds shared with Saint Edan's latterly Saint Edan's House.

Saint Aidan's House, traditionally known as The Palace became part of the Doyle property in the early 1900's and the house had to be demolished, but the stable complex above remains. The lands attached to The Palace remain in Doyle hands today.


The building of The Palace/ St Aidan's commenced in 1785 when the Protestant Bishop W. Cope obtained an Act of Parliament to erect the house from two bequests made for the erection of an Episcopal palace. It was plundered and greatly damaged in the Insurrection of 1798. After 1835, it was leased to lay people and then disposed of. Between 1935 and 1957 it operated as a tannery, before being demolished due to the state of the structure of the building.
It is possible that Laurence Butler came to Ferns as a carpenter/cabinetmaker employed in the building of The Palace, along with George Butler, the mason.



THE SCURLOCKSBUSH BUTLERS NEAR ENNISCORTHY

Laurence Butler and wife Catherine may have left issue who lived in the Scurlochsbush area (Parish of Oylgate). Catherine died late 1816 to early 1817.
Of particular interest with these Butler families, in an area centred around Schurlocksbush a few miles South of Enniscorthy on the east bank of the River Slaney, is the recurrence of the name Laurence through the generations, and the name Catherine which was Laurence Butler's Irish wife's name. 

In the Oylgate Catholic Parish records (NLI- M/Film 04254/04/05/06), a Catharine Butler was witness to the marriage of Patt Brine in 1808 (06/p.90) and was named as sponsor in 1810 to the baptism of a daughter of James Bolton and Mary Doran (06/p.15) and in 1811 to the son of Patt Cullen and Mary Butler (04/p.19), and also as witness to a marriage in 1814 for John Donnolly (06/p.92). 
Whether this refers to Laurence Butler's wife is speculation, as there is also a  Kitty Butler who was sponsor in 1818 and a Catharine Butler in 1819, which occurred after Laurence's wife Catharine's death in 1816/1817, but these two records could also relate to a close relative of the same name (daughter/granddaughter named Catherine).

This area is also significant because of its close proximity to Ballymurn. As previously discussed, Laurence had a close friendship in Sydney with fellow rebel convict, Michael Hayes who witnessed Laurence's will in 1820. Michael was transported from Wexford in 1799, and at the time, his petitions stated he was from Ballymurn. His letters home to his family mentioned Laurence and Laurence's Irish wife in Wexford on four occasions, more than other fellow Wexford rebel, and included messages to be given to Catherine. The letters indicate that the two families knew each other previous to the rebellion:
Hayes wrote: 
"Inform Lau. Butler's wife that I make an application to him to forward some money. Remember me to her."
and: "Inform Catherine Butler that her husband is well."
and: "Inform them that L. Butler is well."
and "Laurie Butler I frequently urged to send ten or twenty pounds to his wife".


Map of northern Wexford showing Schurlocksbush in relation to Enniscorthy and Ferns and Ballymurn (and Killmuckridge).


These Butlers were recorded in various records at a number of neighbouring properties around Schurlocksbush (shortened to Bush in the baptism records), viz. Tomlane, Roperstown, Coorane/Cooraun, Coolanick/Coolaknick and Coolanickbeg (also spelt Coolacknickbeg), Ballyvake, Ryane, Ballysilla, Craanroe, Mullawn- all situated between Enniscorthy and Oilgate to the east of the Slaney river. 


Map of these townlands, including Ballymurn to the east


In the 1826 Tithe Applotment Books,  a Thomas Butler was farming at Roperstown next to Scurlochsbush on 1 acre 2 roods valued at 3s.6d. He was therefore born pre 1800.

The following land records appear to show a close relationship between the Fortune and Butler families.
In the records known as the "Landed Estates Court Rentals 1850-1885" (Find My Past)
Title: Lands of Scurlochsbush in Barony of Balloghkeene, held under lease from 999 years from 25 March 1702
Entry:Year 1858
Tenant's name Patrick Fortune (grandson of Michael Fortune)
Quantity of Land: 2 ac 1 rd 0 p.
Yearly rent: £2.2s.0p.

Lease dated 9 October 1800 from William Talbot to Michael Fortune for the lives of Nicholas Butler, Thomas Butler and Pierce Butler from 25 March 1800. Rent £2.5s.6p. late currency.

(Patrick Fortune also tenant of 15 acres at Schurlocksbush, similar lease from William Talbot to Michael Fortune for lives of Thomas, Patrick and Eleanor Fortune, all of whom are dead, or 31 years from 25 March 1793- Patrick holds yearly tenancy.)

The remainder of the lands at Scurlochsbush and Ballyveake were tenanted and leased to various members of the Murphy family, mostly Mathew Murphy.

These documents were to facilitate the sale of bankrupt estates and includes information about tenants, the lots they rented and the terms of their tenancy. Where a tenant held by lease, rather than on a yearly tenancy, the particulars name all lives contracted (usually three).
Therefore
NICHOLAS BUTLER born before 1785. He witnessed a marriage (Dillon to Carroll) in 1819.
THOMAS BUTLER born before 1785 (probably the one on the 1824 Tithe Book record above) He witnessed a marriages and a baptism (Atkin; & Dunne) in 1807 
PIERCE BUTLER born before 1785 (also a witness to a baptism in 1809, and marriages in 1806 (Burn Foley) and 1815 (Cullaton to Rossiter).
(no birth records found, nor marriages, nor issue)

Who were Michael and Patrick Fortune and what was their relationship with the Butlers?
Brian Cantwell's Wexford burials has the following at Killmallock Cemetery just south of Ballymurn (No. 250):
Erected by Michael Fortune of Schurlocksbush who depd this life July 26th, 1828 aged 88 years (ie. b.1740); also his wife Rosanah Fortune alias Ennis depd December 5, 1831 aged 72; in memory of his daughter Eleanor Hays alias Fortune who depd July 26m 1824 aged 35, also his son Patrick Fortune who died 19th January 1864 aged 79 years (ie. b.1785), etc.
Was Michael Fortune a relation of Nicholas,Thomas and Pierce Butler, and if so, how?
It could be possible that his daughter was their mother. One could speculate that he took charge of their welfare when their father Laurence Butler was imprisoned and sentenced to transportation in 1800, and that Laurence's wife Catherine was Michael Fortune's daughter. But that scenario can only be guessed at- only a YDNA test of a direct male descendant would clear up that mystery.
Notably, there is a 1798 memorial on the road side beside the entrance gate to this cemetery at Killmallock.
In the 1853 Griffiths Valuation, Patrick Fortune was the lessor of the 1 acre of land and house leased to Laurence Butler (no.14 on the Griffiths Map), while Pat Fortune leased 12 acres from Mathew Murphy at No. 11, and 24 acres and house and offices from Henry Lambert at No 12. Thomas Butler leased 2 acres and a house and offices from Mathew Murphy at No 13.

A death certificate from Pennsylvania USA, dated Oct 14 1925, Lawrence Fortune, 81, born 3 June 1844 Wexford Ireland, son of Patrick Fortune and Mary O'Neil (Ancestry- Reg No 21972)

The NLI Catholic Parish Records for Oylegate show the following:

RICHARD BUTLER b.1779, died at Tomlane in 1865 (aged 86-  Film 06/p.28), a couple of kms to the west of Scurlochsbush. He witnessed a marriage (Ryan & Walsh-06/p.88) in 1805. Probably the Richard Butler at Molane/Mullawn in the 1826 Tithe Bks, and at Tomlane in the 1853 Griffiths Valuation, leasing a house and garden on 18 perches from James Power? 

JOHN BUTLER witnessed marriages in 1808 (Donnolly to Redmond- 06/p.90), and 1809 (Daly to Mara-06/p.90).

LAURENCE BUTLER, b.c.1798, died in 1881 at Schurlochsbush. He was named as a sponsor with Patt Fortune in 1820 to Kinselagh baptism)- see death record below.


Laurence Butler- died 21 January 1881 at Scurlocksbush, District of Enniscorthy; age 83 ie. b.c. 1798, widower, weaver,  cause of death- debility some years, present at death and residence-Charles Butler, Scurlocksbush (his mark) (Vol.4, p.516)


Baptisms- NB. records stop in 1820 and resume in 1832 when new priest appointed

YEAR   CHILD                     FATHER                 MOTHER
1808   Mary Butler             Richard Butler         Mrs Butler  (04/p.12)
1810   Catharine Butler     Richard Butler         Mrs Butler  (04/p.17)  (Kate Butler married Patt Darcy at Tomlane in 1851- 05/p.47)
1818   Nicholas Butler       Richard Butler         Elinor Foley (m.1816- 04/p.94)  (04/p.32)        
1820   Mary Butler         Richard Butler         Elinor Foley   (sponsor John Butler)  (04/p.37)
(Probably the Richard Butler at Molane/Mulawn in the 1826 Tithe Books- Mary Butler married John Cornish at Mullawn in 1846 (04/p.103), witnessed by Catherine Butler. (daughters of Richard Butler of Mullawn?)

1815   Nicholas Butler       Thomas Butler        Elizabeth Murphy (m.1815- 04/p.93)  (04/p.28) (Thomas at Roperstown in 1824 and at Scurlochsbush in 1853)

1817   Larry Butler           Thomas Butler        Elizabeth Murphy (sponsor ? Butler) (04/p.32)

1820   Elinor Butler            Thomas Butler        Elizabeth Murphy (als Betty and Nelly)- Pat Fortune sponsor  (04/p36/37)

1814   Ann Butler           Nicholas Butler       Ally Carroll (m.1813- 04/p.92)  (04/p.26)
1817   Mary Butler         Nicholas Butler      Ally Carroll  (NB in Enniscorthy Parish Records-4249/01-p.153)

1814   Catharine Butler    John Butler           Nancy Oakes (m. Feb 1814- 04/p.92) (sponsor Thomas Butler- 04/p.26 )

1817   Thomas Butler        John Butler             Nancy Oakes  (04/p.31)

1818   Thomas Butler        James Butler           Mrs Butler (04/p.33)

Burial at Edermine Cemetery, close to Schurlocksbush (Brian Cantwell's 'Memorials to the Dead', no. 240), for:
BUTLER- erected by Daniel Butler in memory of his father Pierce Butler who died February 7th, 1879 aged 60 (ie. b.1818); also his mother Elizabeth who died December 5th, 1891 aged 52.

Larry Butler married Mary Neil in 1835 at Coorane/Cooraun (04/p.97), with John Butler as his witness. A Mary Butler of Scurlochsbush died in 1866 aged 66 (b.1800- 06/p.66). Larry witnessed a marriage (Tom Mara to M. Fenlen at Ryane) in 1835- probably the Larry b.1798.

Thomas Butler of Coorane married 1834 to Bid/Bridget Shiel (04/p.96), and had issue at Schurlochsbush: 
Larry b.1838 (04/p.51) and Biddy b.1842 (04/p.60) (Biddy Butler married John Carroll of Coolnick in 1883- 06/p.55.)

Thomas Butler and Laurence Butler lived in adjacent properties at Scurlocksbush a few miles SE of Enniscorthy, in the 1853 Griffiths Valuation. 
Of the 15 properties listed, Laurence Butler is listed at No. 14, “ a house and 1 acre 1 rood and 34 perches of land, valued at ₤1.10s” leased from Patrick Fortune. Next door or opposite, at No. 13, lived a Thomas Butler, who leased a “house, offices and 2 acres 1 rood and 19 perches of land, valued at ₤2 10s”  from Matthew Murphy (Notably Mathew Murphy owned most of Roperstown, 100 acres).
At No. 12, lived Laurence's landlord Patrick Fortune who leased a "house, offices and 24 acres of land" from Henry Lambert and a further 12 acres of land at No. 11, leased from Matthew Murphy. Notably a Patrick Fortune also leased  nine acres of land at Maudlintown in Wexford Town next to The Faythe. 
Whether Thomas and Laurence were the elder ones born pre 1800 (viz. Thomas at Roperstown in the 1826 Tithe Bks and Laurence b. 1798) or, Laurence b.1817 was living with his father Thomas, or the Laurence b.1817 (son of Thomas) was with Thomas b.1817 (son of John), is not determined.

Griffiths Valuation map for Schurlocksbush
(NB Patrick Fortune leased Nos 11 and 12)
The 1901 Census  lists: 
Thomas Butler, farm labourer at House No 9 at Scurlochsbush, aged 30 (b.1871) farm labourer, wife Mary aged 26 (both could read and write), chn Catherine 3 and Richard 7.
In House No. 8, lived Margaret Butler aged 60 widow and her daughter Margaret 23.
The 1911 Census lists:
Margaret Butler, 73 widow at House No. 6 at Schurlochsbush with daughter Margaret 33

Military Record (Chelsea Pensioners Discharge Records- Find my Past)
Corporal John Butler, 3rd Kings Own Regiment of Dragoons
Born Parish of Edermine near Enniscorthy (including Schurlocksbush area); enlisted in 1804 aged 16 (b.1788); served 7+ years as a private and 2+ years as a corporal, always conducted himself as a good dragoon; discharged as a consequence of injury of the testicle received on a field day at home and considered unfit for service in October 1814; description 5 ft 7 in., light hair, grey eyes, fresh complexion, labourer.
Was he the John Butler who married Nancy Oakes in February 1814?

Piece Butler, of Coolinick had firstly married Eliza Devereux in 1855  (05/p.48) and had a daughter Anne b.1857 (05/p.20), with Laurence Butler named as sponsor. 
Pierce then married Catherine Cullen in 1875 (06/p.25), daughter of John Cullen of Oylgate- (in the Griffiths Val, James and John Cullen lived at Mullinnagore/Oylegate).
Pierce Butler b.1836 and his  wife Catherine Cullen b.1840 , were living at Coolacknick adjacent to Scurlocksbush in 1901 Census, and had issue:
Ellen b.10/3/1876 (06/p.41, John b.6/12/1877 (06/p.42),  Thomas b.9/7/1879 (06/p.43), Elizabeth/Bess b.1881 (06/p.43), and Laurence/Larry b.26/11/1885 (according to online genealogy post- Diana Smith on cmcrp.net/forum in 2006)
Daughter Ellen Butler married James Murphy at Coolanick in 1898.
Son Thomas Butler (b.1879) married Johanna Murphy of Courtnacuddy who died 1920. Thomas remarried Mary Keogh 22/2/1922 and had issue Pierse b.14/7/1906 at Coolanick, John b.8/4/1908 at Schurlocksbush, Catherine b.6/12/1909 at Ballyvake, Mary, Arthur and Michael. (according to online source, Erin- curiousfox forum)
In the 1901 Census, Pierce Butler 65 (b.1836), labourer at Coolaknick (adjacent to Schurlochsbush), wife Kate (viz. Catherine Cullen) 60 (b. 1841) and three children  living with them- Thomas 18 (a fisherman), Lizzie 14 (a domestic servant) and Kate 12 (ie. b. 1883,1887, 1889- NB these ages do not match their baptism dates above. Also neither Pierce nor Kate could read or write)
In the 1911 Census, Thomas Butler 30, fisherman (see above) was living at Ballyvake House No. 2, with wife Johanna 23 ( Murphy- married for 5 years), and chn Pierce 4, John 3, and Catherine 1.
According to the online post by Diana Smith, Thomas Butler died in Enniscorthy in 1954 aged 75 years. He had gone to live in a new cottage in Ballina Lane Ballymurn in 1910.(?)

Nicholas Butler was also living at Coolanick, and married in 1845 to Anne Dempsey (04/p.102). They had issue: Bess b.1845 (04/p.69), Patrick b.1847 (04/p.73) and William b.1848 (04/p.76).

A Laurence Butler, baptised 20 August 1822father Thomas Butler and mother Anne Butler, record found in the RC Parish of Enniscorthy Co Wexford, sponsors Patrick Doran and Brigid Butler. (Enniscorthy- MF 04249/01).

Laurence Butler- death Jan-Mar 1898 District of Enniscorthy; age 50 ie. b.c.1848 (Vol.4,p.472)

Edward Butler of Scurclochsbush married Moll Jordan and had issue: William b.1833 (04/p.41), Biddy b.1836 (04/p.46), Catharine/Kate b.1840 (04/p.54)

John Butler of Schurlochsbush married Kit Sinnott and had issue: James b.1835 (04/p.45).

Richard Butler, variously of Ballydonfin, Rathkyle and Craanroe, married 1865 to Anne/Catharine Toole (at Ballydonfin- 06/p.23) and had issue: 
Thomas b.1867 (at Rathkyle- 05/p.29), Catharine b.1869 (John Butler as sponsor) (at Rathquil- 06/p.10), John b.1876 (at Craanroe 06/p.17)
Thomas Butler of Craanroe and Garrynist married Mary Whelan in 1897 (06/p.57).
The 1901 Census lists at Craanroe:
Richard Butler 50 farm labourer (cannot read) with wife Mary 38, daughter Bridget 7, son John 5, son Richard 2, and daughter by first marriage Mary 29.
The 1911 Census lists at Craanroe:
Mary Butler 40 widow, Bridget 18, son John 16 agric labourer, son Richard 12, and
Thomas Butler 43 stepson (son of Richard's first marriage), fisherman and widower, Richard 11 grandson, Michael 9 grandson, Thomas 3 grandson.
1901 Census at Garrynisk
John Butler 43 farm labourer (can't read), Johanna 40 wife (R&W), and Kate 20 daughter.

Tom Butler, variously of Ballysilla and Ryane and Tinnehask, married January 1840 to Mary Stamp ( Ballysilla- 04/p.99) and had issue:
Joney b.Dec.1840 (Oilgate- 04/p.54), John b.1844 (Tinnehask-04/p.67) and Thomas b. 1846 (at Ryane- 04/p.72)
Notably Patt Stamp of Ryane married Johanna Butler in 1844 (04/p.102), witnessed by Biddy Butler. 
Also at Ryane, Will Tobin married Mary Butler in 1839 (04/p.99)witnessed by John Butler and Tom Butler; and Larry Butler witnessed a marriage of Tom Mara at Ryane in 1835.


Butlers were still living at some of these townlands, and at Ballyvake in the 1901 and 1911 Census'.



Map Enniscorthy to Wexford Town- Schurlocksbush about 8 kms south of Enniscorthy


THE BUTLERS OF TIKILLAN at NEWCASTLE LOWER (near The Deeps)

The Butlers of Tikillan may have been related to the Butlers of Schurlocksbush, as Tikillian is only a few miles south of Scurlochsbush. Tikillan and Newcastle Lower are in the Parish of Castlebridge.


Map of Tikillin and Newcastle Lower area near Castlebridge


Tikillin, Newcastle Lower and Ballyharran

There was a John Butler at Ballyharran, Tikillin and a Laurence Butler at Newcastle, Tikillan in the 1834 Tithe Applotment Books (Ancestry.com). Ballyharran was adjacent to Newcastle Lower. John may have been the brother or father of  Lawrence Butler. 
John appears to have had two descendants, named John and Lawrence, while Lawrence (Snr) had at least one son named Peter, and several descendants- see below (NB there were two Lawrence Butlers in this area in 1901 of similar age, and probably related). 
Notably, the Merchant Seamen Records (Find My Past) have a John Butler born 1831 Ballyharran Wexford, apprenticed and first went to sea in 1847 aged 16. When not at sea he resided at Ballyharran.

Cantwell's Memorials of the Dead has the following burials  related to the above:
(No. 254) Kilpatrick - near Ballyharran, Newcastle and Tikillin
BUTLER- erected by Elizabeth Butler in memory of her father John Butler died 4 Feb 1834 aged 60 yrs 
(ie. b.c.1774- possibly the John Butler at Ballyharran in the 1834 Tithe Applotment Book record)
CORRIN- Erected by Catherine Butler of Newcastle in memory of her grandfather Daniel Corrin who died 4 Feb 1808 aged 75 and also his daughter Margaret Dunn alias Corrin who depd (rest underground)

The Crossabeg parish and Castlebridge parish records (National Library of Ireland online Catholic Parish records) only start about 1832. The following records were found:
Peter Butler son of Laurence Butler and Anty Dempsey, bap 20 June 1840 at Castlebridge (page35)
Thomas Butler, son of Wm(?) or John? Butler and Mary Cullen, bap 1 August 1840 at Castlebridge (p.36)
Mary Bannen, dau. of Peter Bannen/Barren and Mary Butler of Ballyharen, sponsor William Butler, 16 August 1857 (Crossabeg p9)
Mary Butler, dau of James Butler and Ellen Roche of Ballyharan, bap 6 July 1858 (Crossabeg p12)
Marjary Bannen, dau of Peter Banen/Barren and Mary Butler of Ballyharen, sponsor Peter Butler bap 15 Jan 1858 (Crossabeg p13)
John Butler, son of William Butler and Mary Frayny of Ballyharin, bap 9 May 1859 (Crossabeg p14)
Anty, dau of Pat Roche and Margaret Butler of Tykillan, sponsor Peter Butler, bap. 3 May 1860 (Crossabeg p17)
Laurence Butler, son of William Butler and Mary Frayny of Ballyharan, sponsor Johanna Butler, bap 24 ? 1860 (Crossabeg p18)
?, dau of Pat Roche and Margaret Butler of Tykillan, sponsor Peter Butler, bap April 1860 (Crossabeg p17)
Stephen Butler, son of James Butler and Ellen Roche (of Ballyharan), sponsor Peter Butler, bap 26 Dec 1861 (Crossabeg p20)
James Butler, son of William Butler and Mary Frayne, sponsors Mary Butler and Mary Butler, bap 3 May 1863 (Crossabeg p24)
William Butler, son of William Butler and Mary Freney, sponsor John Butler, bap 27 March 1868 (Crossabeg p36)

Also at Castlebridge Parish:
Mary Butler, dau of Patrick Butler and Elinor Walsh of Ardcavan, bap 23 July 1851 (Castlebridge p86)
Margaret dau of John Roche and Mary Butler of Castlebridge, bap 22 March 1880 (p162)
Marriages:
Thomas Butler and Catherine Ryan of Glasganny on 10 Feb 1858 (p187)
Thomas Butler and Eliza Murphy of Castlebridge 23 June 1870 (p195)
(Microfilms 04247/04) 

The 1853 Griffiths Valuation listed a Lawrence Butler, at Newcastle Lower, near Tikillin, a couple of miles north of Wexford Town on the opposite side of the Slaney River. This was the same  Laurence named in the Tithe Applotment Books. 
Notably, John Butler was no longer listed at Ballyharran, although a Mary Butler was listed as a tenant of Charles A. Walker (who owned all of Ballyharran) , living on 8 acres of land valued at £9, adjacent to Charles Walker's house, probably the Walker's home, Belmont House. Mary may have been the widow or daughter of John Butler, and may have worked as a servant of Walker's.

Newcastle Lower is a small townland of only 13 properties. Lawrence Butler leased a "house and land of 1 acre 1 rood 15 perches, valued at £1.10.0. at No 4". This was the smallest property in this area, and was adjacent to 29 acres belonging to the Earl of Arran. Lawrence leased his property from Joseph Hutchinson. This area is very close to an extensive and well-known property known as "The Deeps" owned by a famous local identity and parliamentary representative, John Edward Redmond, who also owned extensive property in Wexford Town and established the Wexford Dockyard.


The death certificate for this Laurence Butler, who died at Newcastle, Co. Wexford, District of Crossabeg, on 19 October 1865, states that he was born in c.1798 (aged 67), a carpenter, death reported by his son Peter Butler. (Ireland Civil Registration Deaths Index- vol. 14 p. 549, no. 122). His birth year in 1798 indicates he could have been the son of John Butler b.1774.





The 1901 Census has a number of Butlers at Tikillin, who would appear to be descendants of this Lawrence, possibly sons of Peter. The Census names brothers Lawrence Butler 40 (ie. b.c.1861),  Edward Butler 36 and Stephen Butler 30, and widowed sister Johanna Fay 42. There was also a John Butler 37  further up the street working as a coachman for the Walker family- whether he was related is unknown. He may have been the grandson of a John Butler at Ballyharran Tikillin in the 1834 Tithe Applotment Books, who in turn may have been closely related to the Lawrence Butler of Newcastle Tikillin in the same record. 

At No. 6- Edward Butler 36, a gardener and Stephen Butler 30, agricultural labourer living with Edward, were  unmarried and living with widowed sister Johanna Fay 42, housekeeper. Their house was a 5 room house, 2nd class, and Edward was named as the landholder. In 1911, their house at No 11 was described as a 3rd class house with only 2 rooms, landholder Edward Butler. Edward, 53 (b.1858), was now 2nd gardener and Stephen, 39 (b. 1872), a labourer, and Johanna Fry 58 (b.1853) widow.

At No. 5- Lawrence 40, a farm labourer, married to Mary 38 had several children- Margaret 9, Stephen 7, Mary 7, Elizabeth 5, William 4, and Johanna 1. They lived next to Edward Butler, in a 3 room 2nd class house with a thatched roof, and Lawrence was named as the landholder. In the 1911 Census Lawrence was aged 56 (b.1855), living with wife Mary 48, and chn Stephen 18, Johanna 12, Ellen 7, and Statia 3. Their house at No 8 was now a 3rd class house with only  2 rooms and was on Capt. Thomas Walker's estate.

Cantwell's Memorials of the Dead has the following:
(No. 263) Tykillen (reserved for use by the Walker family- most unreadable)
Moloney- Statia Moloney, Tykillen, died 31 March 1934 aged 26 yrs,
 also her mother Mary Butler died 11 April 1943 aged 83 years
(ie. daughter and wife of Lawrence Butler of Tikillin in 1901 census, above)

No. 12-John Butler, 37, unmarried, a coachman and servant employed on the estate of Captain Thomas Walker, son of Charles Arthur Walker who built Belmont House overlooking the Slaney in c 1831. John Butler was probably coachman at Belmont House as it is described as a 26 room house. John Butler lived in the coachhouse with Pat Fanning 27 and Thomas Lonergan 20, both stableboys and servants. He was no longer there in the 1911 Census. Possibly the grandson of a John Butler at Ballyharran Tikillin in the 1834 Tithe Applotment Books,

All of the above Butlers were RC, employed by  Protestants.

A second Lawrence Butler, aged 34, RC, unmarried, was employed in 1901 as a coachman by Thomas Walker's brother Col. Charles Stephen Walker (a magistrate and retired colonel of 3rd KD Hussars) at a nearby large property at The Deeps. This property was a 13 room house employing six servants. He was still working as coachman there in the 1911 census, but aged 51 (b.1860). How he was related to the Lawrence, Edward, Stephen and John Butler above is uncertain. As he was working for the Walker family as a coachman, he may have been the brother of John Butler (above) and therefore the grandson of John Butler of Ballyharran Tikillin.


John and Lawrence Butler's employment by the two sons of Charles Arthur Walker is of interest, and should be explored further. Whether their employment as coachmen was related to the story of 'Captain Butler' during the rebellion who claimed he was a coachman for the Sheriff of Wexford, Major Percival, who built his house called Barntown House, next to Belmont House, is interesting speculation. Maybe that 'Captain Butler' was the John Butler b.1774. (see chapter 3 on 'Trial Analysis' for story of Captain Butler who protected a woman at Summerseat during the rebellion.)

Charles Arthur Walker (c.1790-1873) of Belmont House at Tikillin, in the general election of 1831, stood for the local borough of Wexford as a liberal, calling on his fellow Protestants to unite with Catholics in support of reform and the redress of Irish grievances. Walker, a pragmatic Repealer, was returned unopposed for Wexford at the next three general elections, as a candidate of the Repeal Association Party and then the Liberal/Repealer Pact. The Walkers migrated to Ireland in the 17th century when Peter Walker acquired the Wexford property by marriage. His descendant Charles Arthur Walker was concerned with the repercussions of a recent massacre of civilians by yeomanry at Newtownbarry in 1831, and demanded an inquiry into it, contending that 'the employment of the yeomanry force in Ireland is one of the most fertile causes of discontent and disaffection in that country'. He spoke and voted for disarming the yeomanry. In other causes, he brought up petitions for the abolition of tithes, and he even voted for a system of representation for New South Wales.
Several of the Walker family are buried in the Tykillen graveyard (Cantwell's Memorials of the Dead- No 263)

Thomas Butler at Castlebridge (just east of Newcastle)- owned and leased out a 'garden' of 1 rood 35 perches for 8s. income, which was next to a forge owned by Patrick Breen leased to John Bennett.
Thomas Butler leased a house, offices, and land on the other side of his 'garden', from Patrick Breen for £4.5.0. Thomas also owned and leased out a block of four houses/tenements at nearby Glasganny for a total of 45 shillings income.
Thomas also owned and leased out three properties at Lower Ballyboggan, near Castlebridge (and NE of Newcastle). At the map ref. no. 16- 16a was leased by John Stafford from a P. O'Kelly, 23 acres value £15. Nos. 16b, 16c and 16d were owned by Thomas Butler.
16b leased by Peter Laughrin, house offices and garden on 35 perches rateable value at £1.
16c leased by John Barron, house and garden on 20 perches value 18s.
16d leased by Peter Breen, house and garden on 20 perches value 18s.
16e was owned by John Stafford, house and garden value 12s.

Whether this Thomas Butler was related to the Tikillin Butlers is unknown.

 (Rev. James Dixon, convicted and transported on the 'Friendship' after the 1798 Rebellion, came from Castlebridge, as did his cousin the infamous Thomas Dixon of Wexford Bridge massacre fame- Fr. Dixon's father John Dixon of Castlebridge, born early to mid 1700's, who owned two malthouses in 1796, apparently made a second marriage to a widow named Butler. Fr. Dixon named a step-brother as Denis Butler, a merchant in Bristol. (Ref: Dixon of Castlebridge, Co Wexford, by David Goodall- "Irish Genealogist" Journal, Vol.6 Issue 5). When Fr James Dixon was granted his full pardon, he returned to the Parish of Crossbeg near Castlebridge in 1809 where he remained for the rest of his life. A memorial marks his grave there.



Map of Enniscorthy to Wexford Town
marks Scurlochsbush and Tykillan/Newcastle 
marks Ballymurn (home of Laurence's friend and rebel Michael Hayes) and Kilmuckridge (Cemetery)



BURIAL RECORDS


Brian Cantwell’s “Memorials to the Dead”, grave transcriptions in Co. Wexford (no. 251), has two burials at Kilmuckridge (east of Enniscorthy, and not far from the Schurlocksbush area- see map above)
- two headstones side by side:
Here lyeth the body of Laurence Butler dec’d June 8th 1790 ag’d 76 years (b.c.1714).
Here lyeth the body of James Butler who depd this life April 14th 1789 agd 66 years (b.c.1723) also his wife Catherine Butler depd Nov. 11th 1830 aged 91 (b.c.1740).  

The first burial record of Laurence Butler may be relevant, as he would have only been 36 yrs of age at the time of our Laurence Butler’s birth. The second record of James Butler is discounted as his wife Catherine was too young to be Laurence Butler’s mother, unless this was a second marriage. The Laurence Butler above could also be the Laurence Butler named as a witness to several marriages and baptisms in Wexford Town (see below).

Also a record of a James Butler b.1725 was buried in 1784 in St Colman’s churchyard, Templeshanbo in Barony of Scarawalsh.

OTHER WEXFORD RECORDS THAT MAY BE RELEVANT

The All Ireland Tithe Applotment Books 1823-1837- Butlers of Co. Wexford (National Archives of Ireland)

George Butler- Banoge- 1823 Gorey
James Butler- Ballycomclone- 1823 Gorey
John Butler- Killdermot- 1823 Gorey
Butler- Butlers Land, St Mary's 1824 Wexford Town
Edward Butler- Coolpuck -1824 Ferns x2
Thomas Butler- Newtown- 1824 Ferns
John Butler- Coolatore- 1824 Ferns
Thomas Butler- Fisherstown, Kilmokea, 1824 S. of New Ross
Thos Butler- Kilmannogue, Kilmokea- 1824 S. of New Ross
Walter Butler- Borris, Kilrush- 1824 N. of Ferns
Henry Butler- Tomanoule Templeshanbo- 1825 E. of Shroughmore
John Butler- Loire Templeshanbo- 1825 Templeshanbo
Michael Butler- Ballinure, Templeshanbo- 1825 Templeshanbo
Michael Butler- Greenmeadow, Templeshanbo- 1825 Templeshanbo
Richard Butler- Ballinure, Templeshanbo- 1825 Templeshanbo
Moses Butler- Tomatee- Templeshanbo- 1824
Pierce Butler- Ballintore, Killbride- 1827 Duncannon
Patrick Butler- Courtland and Middletown, Mayglas- 1828 SE Wexford
James Butler- Glascarrigg, Donaghmore- 1831 Gorey
Pierce Butler- Askingarran, Donaghmore- 1831
John Butler- Raheenlusk, Donaghmore- 1831
James Butler- Toneduff, Donaghmore- 1831
Edward Butler- Boley, Ballycanew- 1833 Gorey
Laurence Butler- Dougall, Ardamine 1831
John Butler- St Mary's- 1833 Wexford Town
Peter Butler- Milltown, Kilscoran- 1833 S. of Rosslare
Richard Butler- Slevoy, Taghmon- 1833 W. of WexfordTown
Mrs Butler- Mary Street St John's Wexford- 1834 Wexford Town
Mr Henry Butler- Clough, Liskinfere- 1834 Gorey
John Butler- Ballyharran, Tikillin- 1834 N. of Wexford Town
Laurence Butler- Newcastle Tikillin- 1834 N. of Wexford Town
Michael Butler- Gintenmanogue, Kildavin- 1834 Gorey
Nathaniel Butler- Churchtown, Liskinfere- 1834 Gorey
Patrick Butler- Bealistown, Tintern- 1834 Duncannon
Mr Pierce Butler- Churchtown, Liskinfere- 1834 Gorey
Richard Butler- Ballymurry Contd, Ballyhuskard- 1834 bet Ennis & Kilmuckridge
Thomas Butler- Carrigadagon, Newbawn- 1834 SE of New Ross
Trane Butler- Ballymurry Contd, Ballyhuskard- 1834 bet. Ennis & Kilmuckridge
William Butler- Gintunmanogue, Kildavin- 1834 Bunclody
George Butler- Blackcowroad, Kildavin- 1834 Bunclody
Lawrence Butler- The Faythe, St Michael's Wexford- 1835 Wexford Town
Mary Butler- West Sido, St Michael's- 1835 Wexford Town
Pierce Butler- Glinn, Ardamine- 1835 N. of Wexford Town
Patrick Butler- Courtland, Mayglass- 1836 S. of Wexford Town
Edward Butler- Ballydaniel, Ballylannon- 1827- S. Wexford
Richard Butler- Ballylinch, Ballylannon- 1827
John Butler- Adamstown, Adamstown- 1834
Richard Butler- Molane, Edermine- 1826
Thomas Butler- Roperstown, Edermine- 1826
Robert Butler- Tinnerath- 1833 Inch
Pierce Butler- Ballylarkin- 1833 Inch
Pierry Butler- St Austins- 1833 Inch
Patrick Butler- ??Ttle Coolmannan, Kilmannan-1825 SW of Wexford Town
Patrick Butler- Kilscanlon, Kilscanlon- 1833
William Butler- Doon, Kilscoran- 1833
Enniscorthy- St Mary's:
Butler- Irish Street- 1833
John Butler- St Mary's- 1833
James Butler- Dispensary Lane- 1833
 Moses Butler- Modlins Folly- 1833
Edward Butler- Slaney Street- 1833
Ferdy Butler- Templeshannon


NB in all Ireland- Laurence/Lawrence Butlers: 
Laurence- Rahinstown Rathcore, Meath 1826
Laurence- Newcastle, Tikillin Wexford 1834
Lawrence- Annefield, Tipperary 1827
Lawrence- Inch, Tipperary 1827
Lawrence- Johnstown, Taghadoe, Kilkenny 1829
Lauce- Finiskill Kiloghert, Leitrim 1833
Lawrence- Faythe St Michael's Wexford 1835
L. Butler- Old Kthan Road, Clonmel, Waterford
Laurence Butler- Dougall, Ardamine, Wexford 1831

NB. the lists of Butlers in Co. Wexford on the All Ireland Tithe Applotment Books 1823-1837 database on Ancestry.com, differs slightly from the online database at the National Archives of Ireland in which some names are missing- eg. Walter Butler of Borris, Kilrush,  George Butler of Banoge Gorey, and John Butler of Ballyharran Tikillan, appear on the 'Ancestry' website but not on the NAI database. Both databases are taken from the microfilms filmed by the Latter Day Saints at Utah.

In the Tithe Applotment Books of the 1820's and 1830's, a Laurence Butler was recorded at Doughal near Ardamine and Courtown in 1833, on the coast near Gorey. He was farming 30ac  2r  22p valued at   £2.5.9. There were several other Butlers in the Gorey area, probably Protestants. He was probably the Lawrence Butler who died on 13 January 1867, at Gorey workhouse infirmary of paralysis suffered for 20 years; age 61 (b.c.1806), widower, labourer (Vol.2, p.789), or he was a close relation. 


A Thomas Butler was farming at Roperstown next to Scurlochsbush in 1826 on 1 acre 2 roods valued at 3s.6d- see Butlers of Scurlochsbush above.


The Walter Butler at Borris, Kilrush, may be relevant, given the choice of Walter as Laurence Butler's first son born in Australia. Nothing else has been found of this Walter. He was not in the 1853 Griffiths Valuation, although a Michael Butler leased 47 acres at Borris in 1853, and a Nathaniel Butler at nearby Ballaman leased 1 acre. They may have been Walter Butler's sons. Borris is across the River Slaney from Bunclody/Newtownbarry, in the north near the Wexford border with Carlow and Wicklow.



 The 1853 Griffiths Valuation of Ireland and Co. Wexford


The Griffiths Valuation of Ireland was a survey of property ownership in Ireland from 1848 to 1864  conducted to determine the amount of tax each person should pay towards the support of the poor within their poor law union. This involved determining the value of all privately held lands and buildings in rural and urban areas to figure the rate at which each unit of property could be rented year after year. It began in 1848 with the southern counties and worked its way up to northern Ireland by 1864. It can be used as an excellent census substitute for the years after the Great Famine as censuses prior to 1901 were destroyed.

Of the 114 Butlers named in Co. Wexford, four were named Laurence/Lawrence- two at The Faythe in Wexford Town (related- see Butlers of The Faythe below), one at Scurlocksbush (see Butlers of Scurlocksbush below) and one at Tikillan between Schurlocksbush and Wexford Town (see Butlers of Tikillan below).

Names of Butlers in all areas of Co. Wexford in the Griffiths Val. (NB. individual names only, not multiple listings of the same name)
GOREY area- Andrew, Pierce, Edward, Richard, George, Thomas, Henry, James, William, Francis, John
(NB. some of these- sons and grandsons of William of Ballycooge- descendants of Butlers of Cloghgrennan Carlow- Protestants; and William and son Richard of Banoge- their sons Butlers of Corriganlee and Ballycomclone)
OULART area- John, Henry
FERNS to KILRUSH area- John, James, Edward, Thomas, Nathaniel, Michael
MONART area- Catherine, Michael, Richard, John
ENNISCORTHY- John, Ferdinand, Margaret, James
KILLEGNY- John
OYLGATE/SCURLOCHSBUSH area- Laurence, Thomas, Richard, Anne
KILLMALOG area (E. of Oylgate)- John, Richard, Thomas, Henry, James
NEW ROSS/OLD ROSS area- Patrick, John, James, Edward, Thomas, Robert, Pierce
FETHARD area- Richard, Peter, Patrick
DUNCORMACK area- Matthew, Patrick, Edward
TAGHMON area- John, Ellen, Thomas, James
RATHMACKNEE area- Patrick, Andrew, Michael, Nicholas, Christopher, Thomas, Walter, Rachel
ST. IBERIUS- James
WEXFORD TOWN- Thomas, Richard, John, Nicholas, Laurence, Lawrence, Catherine
TIKILLAN area (near Newcastle and the DEEPS)- Lawrence, Mary


Butlers of the Enniscorthy Region, Barony of Scarawalsh in the Griffiths Valuation:


Parish of Fernssee above

Parish of Ballycarney
Michael Butler: Tombrick (about 1 mile NW of Munphin/Mountfin)- owned house value £2; leased house and land- 1 1/4 acres, value £1.10s.

Parish of St Mary's Enniscorthy
John Butler: Irish Street (a street inhabited by Catholics) owne 5 houses and yards, gateway and ball court, and ruins and garden, value £11.10s; leased in Irish Street- land, office, yard and garden; house, office, yard and garden; total value £12.15s. Balckstoops (adjacent to Enniscorthy)- leased 1 1/3 acres value £2.10s. (also in tithe Applotment Book of 1824 in Irish Street).
Ferdinand Butler : The Quay- leased house, yard and garden 28 perches, value £1.10s; owned The Quay 2 houses value 25s. The name suggests his father or grandfather lived on the Continent, and may have been one of the Wild Geese. (also in tithe Applotment Book of 1824 at Templeshannon)
James Butler: Hospital Lane- leased house, offices, yard, value £1.15s- two doors from Margaret Butler who leased house, yard, value £1.15s (also in tithe Applotment Book of 1824 in Dispensary Lane)

Parish of Monart
Michael Butler- Ballinure- leased house, offices, land plus 2 parcels of land total 11 acres, value £6.10s. (also in Tithe Applotment Book of 1824)
Catherine Butler- Marshalltown- leased house value 5s.
NB. In Census of Marshalstown Parish 1867 (Irish Genealogist Vol. 6 issue 5, 1984) in Ballynure: Catherine Butler 60, Richard Butler 35 farmer, and wife Ann; Michael Butler 40 a "Frer?", wife Ann, chn John 6, Michael 4, Mary 3 dead, Bridget 2 dead, Thomas infant; Jemmy Butler 55 labourer at Tomacurragh and wife Betty 40; at Ballinakill, Kitty Butler aged 75 (b. 1792).
In Musgrave's List of Protestants killed in the 1798 Rebellion- "Richard Butler of Marley (near Ballinure) murdered at Enniscorthy 28th May for his loyalty; his house, offices etc burned; his wife Alice and three chn reduced to want".
John Butler- Caim- leased house value 5s.
(Notably, Ballinure, Ballinakill and Caim were all properties that once belonged to the Butlers of Kayer in the 17th century.

Parish of Templeshanbo
Richard Butler- Tomatee- leased house, land, plus land 6 acres, value £2.5s (Tomatee near Butlers Cross Roads).
 Moses Butler at Tomatee in the Tithe Applotment Book of 1824, with 
Michael Butler at Greenmeadow, 
John Butler at Loire, 
Henry Butler at Tomatoule.

Parish of Toome
William Butler: Ballinclare- leased house, offices, forge, small garden, value £1

Parish of Kilrush
Michael Butler- Borris- leased 47 acres, value £23
(NB Walter Butler at Borris in Tithe Applotment Book)
Nathaniel Butler- Ballaman- leased  1 acre. value £1.5s


Butlers in Gorey region, in the Barony of Gorey
There are a number of Butlers who appear to be very well off, but are probably Protestant, and many are descendants of the Gorey/Banoge line of Butlers:

Parish of Liskinfere 
Henry Butler & son Francis (of Clogh- NB William of Clogh murdered by rebels in 1798); 
John Butler (of Ballaghboy, near Clogh), and 
Thomas Butler (of Frankfort);- these all probably belong to the Banoge Butler line and were probably sons of William. (refer to detailed analysis of this line later) (Henry also in Tithe Applotment Book of 1824- Nathanial and Pierce at Churchtown,)

Parish of BallycanewJohn Butler (of Bollinready). (Edward there  in Tithe Applotment Book of 1833)

Parish of KilgormanEdward Butler (of Ashwood Lower)
.
Parish of Inch- Andrew Butler (of Coolgreany), 
Pierce Butler (of Ballylarkin). (Robert at Tinnerath Parish of Inch in Tithe Applotment Book of 1833)
(BTR 148 of Andrew Butler of Castlebridge d.1745, son named as Nicholas)
There is also a Bridget Butler and Garrett Byrne at Coolgreany, Parish of Inch, leasing a house & small garden value ₤1. 10s. A Garrett Byrne of Ballymanus, co Wicklow (son of Garrett Byrne of Ballymanus), was one of the 1798 rebels married to a Miss White, and this Garrett of Coolgreany was probably his son or grandson. The widow of William Butler of Ballycooge, Anna Pierce of Kilpipe, co Wicklow (close to the northern border with Wexford), remarried a Mr E. Byrne of Ballymanus. Garrett had a brother named Edward.- her chn Richard Butler and Catherine Butler settled in Banoge.

In Gorey, Barony of Ballaghkeen:

Parish of KilmakillogeJohn Butler (Coolnaveagh and Banogehill); 
Thomas and Henry Butler (Banogehill); 
Richard (Knockduff); 
James & Thomas together (Carriganeagh); 
Henry (Carriganeagh and Raheenagurren West);
George Butler (town of Gorey).

Parish of Kiltennell- Henry Butler (Tomsilla); 
James Butler Snr & Jnr (Ballycomclone);
 Henry Butler (Banoge),
 William Butler (Tarahill).
The above Butlers appear to belong to the Banoge Butlers, related to the Cloghgrennan Butler of Co Carlow- refer to more detailed analysis of this family later. The James Butler Snr and Jnr of Ballycomclone may be significant.

Parish of Kilnamanagh: John Butler, & Henry Butler (son?) both at Raheenaskeagh Upper

Parish of KiltriskPierce Butler  (Crandaniel Great)

Parish of ArdaminePierce Butler (Ballybracken) (Laurence Butler at Doughal Parish of Ardamine in Tithe Applotment Book of 1831)

Parish of Donaghmore: 
Catherine Butler (Parkannesley); 
Thomas Butler  (Ballygarrett); 
Pierce Butler (Crandaniel)
(In Tithe Applotment Book - in Parish of Donaghmore, Pierce Butler at Askinggarran, James Butler at Glascarrig, John Butler at Raheenlusk and James Butler at Tobeduff)

Parish of Kilnahue:
 Richard Butler.



THE BUTLERS OF THE FAYTHE AND MAUDLINTOWN, WEXFORD TOWN- SEAFARERS

THE FAYTHE BUTLERS

In the Catholic Parish records for Wexford Town (microfilms at the NLI, recently released online-FM 4252/01), there are numerous records for Butlers, dating from 1687 to 1709, then resuming in 1725 until 1786, and resuming in 1816 onwards. These early records appear to relate to a family of Butlers who were mariners, living in The Faythe in WexfordTown in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Long breaks in the records make it difficult to pinpoint direct lines exactly.
Notably, Y-DNA tests of descendants of this family do not match the Y-DNA test of the Australian born descendant (4x great gransdon) of ‘our’ Laurence Butler, despite The Faythe Butlers featuring the name of Laurence, as well as Walter and George.

RECORDS
Generation 1
JOHN BUTLER
m.1. Mary Gilligan
issue:
        1.William b.1696; m.Mary Roe-         
issue John b.1730 (possibly John who married Mary Devereux in 1751
m.2 Mary Furlong c.1698
issue:
1. Mary b.1699
2.Walter b.1700 m. Mary Welsh (see Gen 2 below)
3.Patrick b.1704
4.Sara b.1706
5.Laurence b.1708 m. Catherine Welsh/Walsh (see Gen 2 below)

THOMAS BUTLER
m. Margaret Gilligan (sister of Mary Gilligan, wife of John Butler- therefore John and Thomas probably brothers)
issue:
Catharin Butler b. 1687- probably mother of illegit. son James Butler b.1709 (see Gen 2 below)

Generation 2
WALTER BUTLER b. 1700 s/o John Butler & Mary Furlong
m. Mary Welsh
Issue:
Hidden first name b.1725 (John? possibly married Mary Devereux in 1751; or Walter m. Catherine Sinot c.1744)
Richard b.1729 m. Mary Kelly 1755- see issue
Mary b.1730
Catherine b.1731
Catherine b.1734

LAURENCE BUTLER b.1708 s/o John Butler & Mary Furlong
m. Catharine Welsh/Walsh
issue:
John b.1733
Unnamed dead b.1741

JAMES BUTLER b.1709, (illegit son of Catharin Butler )
m. Mary Nowlan
Issue:
Catharine b. 1727 m. 1754 Peter Culloon
Sara b. 1732
James b.1732
George b.1735- possibly married Elizabeth Waddy
Margaret b. 1737
Richard b. 1740 possibly married Bridget Scallon- issue Elizabeth b 1761, Joseph b.1762
Mary b. 1740

Generation 3
JOHN BUTLER (possibly 1st son of Walter Butler [name hidden in record] and Mary Welsh; or of Laurence Butler & Catharin Welsh, or of William Butler & Mary Roe)
m.1751 Mary Devereux;
Issue:
Mary b.1751(sponsor Laurence Butler’s wife Catherine Walsh)-died
Walter b.1753 (sponsor Richard Butler) died
Margaret b.1755 (sponsor Cath Butler)
Walter b.1758
Mary b.1759 ( sponsor Laurence Butler)

RICHARD BUTLER
m. 1755 Mary Kelly
Issue:
Margaret b.1756
Walter b.1758 (witness Laurence Butler)
Mary b.1760
James b.1762
Mary b.1764
Eleanor b.1767

WALTER BUTLER (possibly 1st son of Walter Butler [name hidden] and Mary Welsh)
m. Catherine Sinot (als Margaret Sinot)
issue:
Nicholas b.1744 (possibly married Mary Doyle 1774)
Mary b. 1752
Margaret b.1749 (sponsor Richard Butler
John b.1753 (possibly married Catherine Murphy 1776)

WILLIAM BUTLER (unknown parentage, but possibly son of William Butler & Mary Roe, baptism not recorded)
m. 1748 Anne Connors
Issue:
Mary b.1749
John b.1750 (possibly married Catherine Murphy 1776)
Roger b.1751
Mary b.1753
Mary Ann b.1757 (sponsor Edward Butler)
John b.1759
Ann b.1761
Mary b. 1764

GEORGE BUTLER (son of James Butler & Mary Nowlan- s/o Catharin Butler)
m. Elizabeth Waddy
issue:
John b.1757
Darky b.1758
Mary b. 1761
Hana b. 1762 possibly married John Downes 1781
Richard b.1767

Generation 4
NICHOLAS BUTLER (possibly son of Walter Butler & Catherine Sinot)
m.1774 Mary Doyle
issue:
Ambrose b.1775- probable father of Laurence Butler b.c.1796 (no records at this time)
Walter b.1777
Mary b.1779
Walter b.1781
Catherine b.1784
Hidden name? b.1786

JOHN BUTLER (possibly s/o Walter and Catherine Sinot; or William and Anne Connors)
m.1776 Catharine Murphy
Issue:
Catharine b.1777
Edward b.1779
Catherine b.1781
Mary b.1781
Mary b.1783
? Nicholas b.1786 (father John, no mother named in record- possibly married Dacy Corish)

NB Baptism records cease in 1786 until 1816

Generation 5
LAURENCE BUTLER (probable son of Ambrose Butler b 1775, s/o Nicholas Butler)
m. 21 Sept 1821 Margaret Connoly
Issue:
Margaret b. 30 Nov 1820 (illeg.)
Mary b.1823
Catharine b.1825
Nicholas b.1828
Ellen b. 1830
John b.1834
Ambrose b.1826

(NB a child named Laurance, father only named as Laurance, to Mary Niel a’prostitute’, b.1830)

NICHOLAS BUTLER
m. Dacia/Deacey/Dacy Corish
issue
Anne b. 1826
Jane b. 1829
Ann b. 1833

JOHN BUTLER
m. Auty Power/Honora Power
issue
John b. 1827
Mary b.1834

Thomas b. 1834

WITNESSES/SPONSORS TO BAPTISMS

William Butler-1727
Walter Butler- 1733, 1736, 1741
Laurence Butler-1734. 1736, 1744, 1750, 1751, 1753 (with wife Catherine Walsh), 1758, 1759, 1759,1760,
James Butler-1737, 1756, 1763
John Butler- 1748
Richard Butler ( & Cath Walsh wife of Laurence Butler)-1750, 1749, 1753, 1765
George Butler- 1755
Edward Butler- 1754, 1757, 1759, 1760, 1761, 1762, 1763, 1764, 1765, 1766, 1767, 1776, 1776, 1777, 1777,1779,1779, 1781,1784
Nicholas Butler- 1762, 1770, 1770, 1771, 1772,1774,1775, 1776
Pierce Butler- 1767, 1770, 1771,1772,1774,
Walter Butler -1774, 1775, 1776

Thomas Butler -1775 (& Mary Welsh wife of Walter?), 1776,1776

GRIFFITHS VALUATION FOR WEXFORD TOWN

There are two records in the 1853 Griffiths Valuation, of a Lawrence and a Laurence Butler  living in The Faythe in Wexford Town, one living towards the end of the street and the other at the southern end near Maudlintown, both of whom were master mariners.
The long street known as The Faythe was on the southern side of the Town of Wexford, and was largely populated by seafaring men.

1. Lawrence Butler- No. 111 The Faythe (out of 172) and is described as a "house, yard and small garden valued at £3.0.0. " and the value is indicative of one of the mores expensive properties in this area. It appears to be towards the southern end of the street adjacent to Maudlintown. The property was leased from Mary Hobbs and Editha Hatchel who owned a number of properties in the area.




2. Laurence Butler- listed at No 14 The Faythe but in the Parish of Maudlintown, although still part of the Town of Wexford. It appears to be part of a tenement of eight houses, leased from Robert Sparrow who owned extensive properties in Wexford Town (Hore's History of Wexford, Vol.6 p.545- in 1791, Robert Sparrow of town of Wexford, merchant, admitted freeman of Borough of Enniscorthy). It is described as a "house, yard and garden on 19 perches valued at £1.2.0 ", which appears average for the area. 

      (NB. This map adjoins the map above- see Maudlintown Rock)






Maps of north and south Wexford Town-
 showing locations of Butlers in the 1853 Griffiths Valuation
 The Faythe and Maudlintown in the south of the town
(Wexford Harbour to the east)

NB. The Faythe leads off  on the left side to the south

Griffiths Valuation map
The Faythe spelt The Feagh, leads onto Maudlintown



Butlers of The Faythe- Master Mariners:
There is a record of a Laurence Butler's renewal of his Master Mariner's certificate in 1851, in which he states that he was born in Wexford Town in 1796.  He was probably the Laurence Butler living in The Faythe in 1853 (Griffiths Valuation).


Master Mariner's Certificate (Ancestry.com)
(NB. the signature has an uncanny resemblance to our Laurence Butler)




The four vessels on which Laurence Butler sailed were the
Hopewell 1835-39; rank- Boy 
Marquis of Ely 1839-44; rank- Mate 
Union 1844- 1846; rank- Mate 
Sarah Jane 1846- 1851- rank- Master

The Marquis of Ely: reg. 1830, No. 8667; owner J. O’Connor Sen., left to wife Ellen 1856
The Union: Port of Wexford

The  Sarah Jane:
Built: 1828, 59 ton, schooner, coaster;
Owner: 1852 R. Devereux, Wexford
Wrecked: 13 February 1852
Location: Dalkey Sound, Dalkey, Co. Dublin
Master: Lt. Butler, mr.
Cause: Ran aground
Admiralty Register of Wrecks 1852
History: In passing through the Sound, ran on the Corig Rocks and was abandoned. The wind falling off as the vessel was about to enter the Sound, vessel was carried by the current on the rocks, where she lay, and became a total wreck; bilged and going to pieces.

May 1855, Laurence Butler, master of the Billow, cert. no. 50312

A Laurence Butler on the Princess 1841

A further shipping record may be relevant:
Feb 21 1839: The Alert was lost of Wexford... The crew were lost:, homeward bound from Galatz (source: Bourke in 'Shipwrecks of the Irish Coast', v.3, p54; Ranson, pp.65-67, "The Alert", 1943) 
Descrip: Alert completes its outward course. Homeward bound, on passing through Gibralter, they meet fog and storm. The crew pray on deck and shake hands; the ship sinks. Captain Butler and his crew are mourned by wives and orphans in Wexford Town.

Merchant Navy Seamen 1835-1857 (Find My Past records):
Lawrence Butler
Born abt. 1795
Age 50
Birthplace: Wexford, Co. Wexford
Place: Wexford
Date Range: 1845-1854
Year- Out 1845 (and a series of indecipherable numbers)
Piece No. 2
Series BT115

Lawrence Butler
Born abt. 1821
Age 35
Birthplace: Wexford, Co. Wexford
Place: Wexford
Date Range 1853-1857
1853- vessel Gazelle- out
1856- Home- Aoja(?) Wexford
Piece No. 14
Series BT116 

It would appear that  Lawrence Butler born abt. 1821 and the Laurence Butler b. 1796, were the two Laurence Butlers living in The Faythe and Maudlintown in the 1853 Griffiths Valuation. Whether they were related has not yet been confirmed, but it is likely, given their backgrounds- maybe uncle/nephew?

Brian Cantwell's 'Memorials of the Dead' for Co Wexford has the following:
Maudlintown- St Magdalens
BUTLER- this headstone is split down the centre
Erected by Laurence Butler of Wexford
In Memory of his wife Catherine Butler (Catherine/Kate Kehoe ?)
Who departed this life July 10th 1849
Aged 24 years (ie. b.c.1825)
Also, his mother Margaret Kehoe
Departed this life December 26, 1842
Aged 47 years.
This Laurence (b.c.1821) and Catherine had a daughter Margaret born in 1846. 
He possibly married secondly to Esther Campbell nee North in 1856 and had a son Michael  Butler born 12 Sept 1864 Wexford (Civil Reg Vol 14 p.914).
This would appear to relate to the second record of a Lawrence Butler born c.1821 and living in The Faythe.

The List of Merchant Navy Seamen  for the period 1845-1854 (Series BT114, No.3- Findmypast) lists Laurence Butler, Nicholas Butler and Lawrence Butler, all of Wexford:



LAURENCE BUTLER AND MARGARET CONNOLLY:

There is a  record (Vol. 14, p.no. 549) which may  be relevant, and appears to correlate with the mariner's records above of Laurence Butler b.c.1795/96:
Laurence Butler
Death: 27 September 1867 at the Faythe Wexford
Age: 74  ie.b.c. 1793
Occupation: Sea Captain
However, his 'Condition' (viz. marital status) appears to have the word 'bachor', which presumably means Bachelor'. 
It is also possible this record refers to the master mariner in the certificate above that states Laurence was born c.1796. And despite the 'condition bachor' on his death certificate, evidence does seem to point to this being the Laurence Butler married to Margaret Connolly with several issue (see below, and Generation 5 above). It is possible that his wife had died many years before him, or that they had separated/divorced, and that the informant did not know the circumstances.




Register of Freeholders, Co Wexford 1833-1841,
Irish Family History publication of the Irish Family History Society, Naas, Co Kildare, Vol 16 (2000) http://homepage.tinet.ie/~ifhs/IFHSv16.htm
Residents of Co. Wexford who made a claim to register as voters for the election to be held on 23 June 1837:
BOROUGH OF WEXFORD
Butler, Laurence, The Faythe, Master Mariner, Freeman (most likely the seaman born in c.1796)



A ‘Freeman’ was a person who possessed the “freedom” of a city or borough. The freeman had the right to vote in elections as well as exemptions from certain fees. The members of the city and borough trade guilds were freemen. An individual could qualify for the freedom of a borough or city in several ways:
1.    By birthright for the son of a freeman
2.    By marriage to the daughter of a freeman
3.    By apprenticeship to a freeman
4.    Cities and boroughs also named honorary freemen

Laurence (Larry) Butler married Margaret Connolly on 21 September 1821, witnesses John Cullen and Eleanor Connolly. (p106 Wexford Town Parish Baptisms, NLI, Microfilm 4254/01 Marriages). Notably their marriage came after the birth of their first child Margaret. Issue of Laurence Butler and Margaret Connolly of The Faythe:
Margaret bap. 30 November 1820 (sponsor Betty Murphy)
Mary bap. 29 May 1823 (sponsors John Fanning, Mary Butler)
Catharine bap. 30 July 1825 (sponsors Wm Larkin, Margaret Fanning) 
Nicholas Butler bap. 28 February 1828 (sponsors George Wall, Ellen Mansfield)
Ellen Butler bap. 11 October 1830 (sponsors Patt Connolly, Mary Mansfield) 
John Butler bap. 24 July 1834 (sponsors John Wall, Joanna Roach) 
Ambrose Butler bap. 9 Sept 1836 (sponsors Nich Huming, Anne Hansson?) died 1881. 
Therefore, Laurence and Margaret must have been married c.1819, and Laurence born in the mid 1790's.

Son, John Butler baptised 24 July 1834,  Wexford, received his Mates Certificate 20 March 1862 as an "Only Mate in the foreign Trade" (No. 25530). He then received his Masters certificate on 1 March 1865; John Butler was  on the Independence in 1863 and master of the Vivid in 1864. 
The Captains Registers of Lloyds of London has : 
BUTLER, John, b. Co Wexford 1834 , Registered Dublin 1865 (C25530) (Vol. 2 -1865-1873; Vol. 16 -1874-1877, 1879; Vol. 29- 1880
(Index to the Captains Registers of Lloyds of London, page 150- Guidhall Library Ms 18567- Captains Registers gave details of careers of captains and mates of merchant ships who held a masters certificate and were active between 1869 and 1947).

Ordinary Master's Certificate


John Butler's Mates Certificate 1862

This was the John Butler b.1834, son of Laurence Butler and Margaret Connolly  of The Faythe (above).


 Youngest son Ambrose Butler of Maudlintown at the end of The Faythe, a street in southern Wexford Town, primarily inhabited by seafarers, was born/baptised in Wexford 24 Sept 1836, son of Laurence Butler and Margaret Connolly, and died 1881 (Vol.4 p.536, no.176). His death certificate states he died on 12 November 1881 at Maudlintown, aged 36 (b.c.1845 which is nine years out), master mariner, informant lived in The Faythe. 

Ambrose Butler married  Catherine  Hewson/Huson (widow of __ Furlong) on 30 Oct 1873 (Vol. 19, p.no.484).
His marriage certificate states he was a widower (married 14 Oct 1859 to Mary Anne Kenric dau of Pierce Kenric and Margaret Hays, no issue), a sailor, residence: The Faythe, Wexford; father's name: Laurence Butler, dead, sailor

Ambrose's wife Catherine Hewson may have been the daughter of Peter Hewson, also a mariner living in The Faythe. In the Griffiths Valuation, a Peter Hewetson lived at No. 10 while Laurence Butler lived at No 14.




Issue of Ambrose and Catherine Butler:
Elizabeth b.5/8/1874, Catherine b.2/11/1875, Margaret b.29/9/1877, Mary Ann Frances b. 1/4/1881;
 and
Laurence Butler b. 22 Aug 1879 at Maudlintown  (married 1907 at Wexford to Anna Eliza Cullen b. 1885, dau of John Cullen and Mary Ann and had 4 issue: Ambrose, John, Mary and Laurence), 
Laurence died in 1951 at Wexford, aged 72 ie. b.c. 1879 (Vol.4 P.No. 427) 
In the 1911 Census, Laurence Butler Jnr was living with his father-in-law John Cullen, a master mariner at No. 19 The Faythe, Wexford Town.
(Record Set: Irish Marriages 1845-1958; Record Collection: Marriages and Divorces)

Ambrose Butler captained the smack 'Henry' owned by the Devereux family, that sank off the Barrels Rock near Wexford on 28 October 1874 .
The Henry was a Wexford schooner, 46 tones, cargo: oats; 1.5 miles off point; Wexford for Gloucester.
Four years earlier, the same vessel came close to being lost during a storm, in which Ambrose had a close call:

Wexford Independent 10 August 1870


A Nicholas Butler (b.1837, son of Lawrence Butler in the record) married Martha Sinnott (b.1842, dau. of Peter Sinnott) on 16 November 1867 Wexford. It would appear that this Nicholas was the son of Laurence Butler and Margaret Connolly, born in 1828, despite the age discrepancy.


They had issue:
1.Laurence Butler born 4 December 1868, Wexford, Co Wexford, (parents named as Nicholas Butler and Martha Sinnott -Vol.19, p.930)
2.Richard Butler b. 19 Feb 1872; 
3.Patrick William Butler b. 17 Nov 1877;
4.Mary Margaret b.11 Aug 1874
5.Edward (Francis) Butler b.2 April 1878 Wexford (according to War Graves Roll below, but Civil Registration for Births has Edward Francis Butler April-June 1880, Vol.4 p.857), died on HMS Lady Cory Wright due to torpedo hit, 26 March 1918. Edward Francis Butler married Annie Lawler (b.1883 Wexford, dau of Denis Lawler b .1849 Wexford) (Vol. 4 p.395)
6.Peter Butler b. Oct-Dec 1884 Wexford (Vol.4 p810)

UK Royal Navy and Royal Marine War Graves Roll 1914-1919

1901 Census- Martha Butler 60 widow, RC, housekeeper, head of family R&W, living with sons Edward 21 seaman, Peter 15 scholar, and sister Mary Sinnott 53 at No 37 Parnell Street Wexford
Edward's wife Annie Lawler:
1911 Census- Annie Butler (wife of Edward Butler), 28, married, living with sister Margaret Lawler and three brothers at 3 Carrigeen Street Wexford
1901 CensusAnnie Lawler 18, RC, R&W, dressmaker, living with father Denis Lawler 50, ships carpenter, and sister Margaret and four brothers at No 3 Carrigeen Street Wexford

Enniscorthy Guardian: Lost at Sea; Official intimation reached Mrs Butler, Parnell Street, Wexford, on Saturday that her husband, Edward Butler, was lost at sea, being one of a crew whose vessel was torpedoed, he was attached to the Irish Lights before volunteering.

Seaman's ticket for Nicholas Butler b 1828, 
probably son of Laurence and Margaret Butler


(Question?- Was Lawrence Butler, father of Nicholas Butler above, the same Laurence Butler married to Margaret Connolly who had a son named Nicholas b.1828?)

Rootsweb-IRL-Tombstone Inscriptions- L Archives- from Cara Links 2 July 2006:
Taken from the Burial Book of Co. Wexford:
Martha Butler of 42 Parnell Street died 14 Oct 1908 aged 66 years buried in St Michael's Church Yard (viz. Martha Sinnott, wife of Nicholas Butler above)



ANOTHER MARINER FAMILY OF BUTLERS IN THE FAYTHE:

A John Butler, son of Nicholas Butler, was born in Wexford in 1838. 
John married on 13 October 1866 to  Margaret Devereux, b.1841- daughter of Clement Devereux (possibly of The Quay Enniscorthy- a Clement Devereux b.1833 living at The Quay in 1901 census with wife Ellen Cane, brother of Margaret?). 
Clement Devereux of Wexford registered as a seaman in the Merchant Navy and Maritime records Great Britain 1831-1853, and specifically named in 1835 and 1845. A Clement Devereux was married in London to Mary Webster in 1777, and Clement Devereux, mariner died in Liverpool in 1800 (Probate Records)- possible forebear of this family. 

Notably, John and Margaret's marriage certificate states that John Butler was a ships' carpenter (which discounts him as being the John Butler with the Ship's Masters Certificate in 1865), and that his father Nicholas Butler, a sailor, was deceased, as was Margaret's father Clement Devereux. They both lived in The Faythe.


Son Clement Joseph Butler was born on 7 April 1872 at the Faythe, and became a Ship's Mate in 1898, and was 2nd Mate on emigrant ships carrying passengers from Liverpool to New Orleans until the early 1930's. He was also on ships transporting minerals and cargo from Australia and New Zealand. The above index to the Captains Register of Lloyds of London shows he was registered as a merchant ships' master (or mate who held a masters certificate) in Liverpool in 1904, and is listed in Vol. 74- 1905-1909.
Clement Joseph died 3 Dec 1941 in Prescot Lancashire. He married 1. Mary Busher (b.1874 Wexford), dau of Walter Busher and Eliza Breene in 1903 Liverpool. He married 2nd Teresa Laycock 1936 in Liverpool. 

John Butler  and Margaret Devereux also had children:
Ann b.24 July 1870; 
Mary Jane b.16 March 1874 (Ann and Mary Jane living at 10 Michael St Wexford in 1901 and in Parnell St in 1911); 
Catherine b.12 Sept 1877 m. John Hugh Ambrose (b.1872 Liverpool, d. 1917 At Sea- attack by enemy submarine on SS 'Clangula'-issue one son) in 1908 Liverpool, son of Gustav Frane Amburger and Johanna Elize Rehquate; and 
Nicholas Butler b.17 Sept 1879 (Vol.4-2 p896); 
all born at the Faythe.

OTHER RECORDS OF NICHOLAS BUTLERS IN WEXFORD
A second Nicholas Butler was born in the same year as the Nicholas above, 1879 (son of John and Margaret), also to a John Butler, and Mary Devereux, on 22 June 1879, at 'Cloulard' Wexford. This would appear to be Clonlard about 3 kms NW of Fethard and east of Duncannon. Another son Patrick was born 24 November 1875 at Fethard to John Butler and Mary Deverran. 
The similarity in names of the various parties living at the same time, leads to some confusion.

Two records of a NICHOLAS BUTLER at Stonebridge, WexfordTown, between Main Street and Commercial Quay. He is listed as one of the freemen registered to vote, listed as a "householder". He is also named in the following advertisement the following year:

Wexford Independent Feb 1845



The Wexford Independent has an advert placed by a Nicholas Butler on 16 May 1846:



Another record which cannot yet be placed:

A John Butler of Wexford, aged 22 in 1856, ie. b.1834,  was murdered at Galatea or Galati Romania on 22 Sept 1856, as written on his merchant seaman's record. Notably, there was a big trade in grain and fruit at this port in the 1850's.





In the 1853 Griffiths Valuation, a Nicholas Butler lived in Green Street (in St John's Parish- an extension of Bride Street- just north of The Faythe) a "house, yard and small garden" at No. 13, and Richard Butler also lived in " a house, yard and small garden" at No. 18, and both, interestingly, leased their properties from Charles Lett. He may have been related to Stephen Lett the cabinet maker or Joshua Lett. Nicholas's house was valued at £2.5.0. and Richard's house at £1.10.0. Green Street becomes Bride Street as it travels east and intersects with South Main Street.
A Nicholas Butler leased a "house and yard" in Bride Street valued at £2.5.0.
A John Butler lived in Abbey Street in north Wexford Town.
Also a Catherine Butler lived at No. 16 Main Street, leased from Richard Walsh, "a house and yard valued at £7". The houses in this street are valued highly and it would appear that Catherine's house was part of a tenement of seven houses. The vacant house next door was valued at £13.
(A  Catherine Butler, widow aged 70, b.c.1831, was named in 1901 Census at Wexford Town St John's Parish in Francis Street with an Annie Butler aged 38.)

Rootsweb-IRL-Tombstone Inscriptions- L Archives- from Cara Links 2 July 2006:
Taken from the Burial Book of Co. Wexford:
Mary Butler of Bride Place, died 6 Dec 1907 aged 70 years, buried in St Michael's Church Yard.


Military records:

A John Butler b. 1883 at Wexford Town, at age 14 yrs 4 mths enlisted in the 3rd Royal Irish (Wexford) Militia in March 1897. He stated he was employed as a messenger by Mr Kehoe in Wexford Town. Description: 4 ft 10 in; fair complexion, blue eyes, brownhair, RC.
A George Butler, b.1856 Wexford Town, enlisted at Liverpool in the Royal Artillery in January 1876, and signed with his mark. Next of Kin "Father, Mathew"; description: 5 ft 9 3/4 in; sallow complexion; blue eyes; brown hair. C. of E. Served in India.

Walter Butler b.1854 at St. Selskar, Wexford Town, enlisted as a Volunteer for the Militia in 1877, signature good, discharged May 1903. He was a labourer employed by James Devereux of Wexford and was married with one child under 14 yrs; description 5ft 6 3/4 in., fresh complexion, hazel eyes, brown hair. (either the Walter Butler who married Margaret O'Connor- see below; or the Walter Butler married to Mary Devereux in 1865 (vol 4 p115) who had five daughters until 1877. He may be the same man who married Margaret O'Connor, if his wife had died in 1877.
(Chelsea Pensioners Discharge Documents- Find my Past)

Walter Butler of Bride Street Wexford Town who married Margaret O'Connor in 1877 (Vol. 4 p.805), issue: Richard b.1877, Thomas b.1878, Stephen b.1879, John b.c.1881, Stephen b.c.1884, Mary b.c.1886, Bridget b.c.1888. Family listed in the 1901 and 1911 Census, still at Bride Street Wexford Town.

 Walter Butler of Wexford married to Mary Devereux in 1865 Wexford (vol.4 p.1151), issue Eliza b.1867, Margaret b.1869, Mary b. 1871, Ellen b.1873, and Catherine b. 1877.

And a Walter Butler in the Griffiths Valuation was at Sinnotstown, near Drinagh just south of Wexford Town, very close to Maudlinstown, and north of Butlerstown.
A Probate of Will record of Walter Butler late of Ballykelly Kilmachree Co Wexford (a couple of kms south of Drinagh), farmer, who died 27 Feb 1899, granted at Dublin to Mary Butler of Ballykelly, the widow. Effects £708.9s.7d.

OTHER CATHOLIC BAPTISM RECORDS IN WEXFORD TOWN IN THE MICROFILMS:

1673 Richard Butler sponsor to a White Baptism
1699 Eleanor Butler, to Gilbert Butler and Joan Gabriel

Records stopped 1709 until 1725
 Year    Child                          Father              Mother

1767    Ann Butler                Pierce Butler   Elizabeth Johnson
1770    Ann Butler                Pierce Butler   Elizabeth Johnson
1771    Edward Butler          Pierce Butler   Elizabeth Johnson
1773    Ann Butler                Pierce Butler   Elizabeth Johnson
1776    Thomas Butler         Pierce Butler   Isabela Jonston
1770    Mary Butler               Pierce Butler   Mary Butler
1774    Ann Butler                Pierce Butler   Mary Butler

1768    Edward Butler          William Butler  Catherine Angle/Nangle
1770    Ann Butler                William Butler Catherine Anlge/Nangle
1774    John Butler               William Butler Catherine Nangle

1769    Mary Butler                Martin Butler    Joan Hay
1775    Catharin Butler          Martin Butler    Joan Hay

1772    Johanna Butler         William Butler  Mary Stanton
1777    Thomas Butler          William Butler  Mary Stanton
1779    Michael Butler           William Butler  Mary Stanton
1781    Bridget Butler           William Butler  Mary Stanton

1777    Catharin Butler         John Butler      Catharine Murphy
1779    Edward Butler           John Butler      Catharine Murphy
1781    Catharine Butler       John Butler  Catharine Murphy
1783    Mary Butler                John Butler      Catharine Murphy

1782 1 Edward Butler (illegit)    Thomas Butler  Aly Kinselagh


Records finish 1786 until 1816

How these Butler families of The Faythe and Wexford Town are related is not yet determined.


(My thanks to Peter Butler for sharing his research on this family with me.)


Conclusion about the Faythe Butlers

It would appear unlikely that Laurence Butler of Ferns was related to these master mariners of the Faythe in Wexford Town, as seafaring is an occupation that seems to attract each generation of a family; and this family appear to have been long term residents of Wexford Town, whereas our Laurence was established in northern Wexford county and was land employed- also participants in the Butler Y-DNA project who are descended from these Faythe Butlers do not have a match with Laurence Butler of Ferns' descendant. 

Nicholas Furlong in his article "Life in Wexford Port 1600-1800" (Wexford History and Society, ed by Kevin Whelan p150-151) describes Wexford Town, and in particular the street known as The Faythe:

"There was a rivalry between the sailors' enclaves around The Faythe and Maudlintown and the land employed families of the John Street area. These divisions lasted to our own time when an invisible but powerful boundary in Rowe Street divided south from north, Volunteer from Harrier, Gaelic quarter from Viking sector. Wexford was the nearest safe harbour in Ireland to England, Wales and mainland Europe for vessels of medium bulk. It was these factors which put a specific imprint on Wexford and at the same time, bestowed a cosmopolitan outlook upon its men, women and children. Unlike inland communities, they were accustomed daily to sailors, foreign vessels, passengers, cargoes and the gossip and lore of cities and civilisations from Pembroke to Europe as far as Constantinople and the Black Sea. The names of streets, squares and sights in those foreign ports were household words in the Faythe."



OTHER B/D RECORDS OF LAURENCE BUTLERS IN CO. WEXFORD

Laurentium Butler- baptised 25 May 1816 at New Ross Wexford, parents Patrick Butler and Anstace Redmond (als Anastatsha, Anasta, Anstaw, & Judith Redmond). Siblings: James 7/9/1807; John 22/6/1809; Thomas 14/11 1811; Catharinamn 10/3/1814; Thomas 15/11/1819; Margaritam 17/1/1824 (mother Judith Redmond) (Ireland Selections of Catholic Parish Baptisms 1742-1881). 
Possibly related records: Patrick Butler died 1873 aged 70 New Ross (Vol 4 p.700); Patrick  Butler died 1875 aged 70 New Ross (Vol. 4 p681)
Laurence Butler- death July-Sept 1941; district of Wexford; age 87; b.c.1854 (Vol.4, p.418)
Laurence Butler- death Jan-Mar 1901, Wexford; age 68; b.c.1833 (Vol.4, p.574)
Laurance Butler- death Apr-June 1914, Wexford; age 53; b.c.1861 (Vol.4, p.517)
Lawrence Butler- death 13 January 1867, at Gorey workhouse infirmary of paralysis for 20 years; age 61 (b.c.1806), widower, labourer (Vol.2, p.789) 
(NB. Probably the Laurence Butler of Dougall Ardamine in the 1831 Tithe Applotment Books)
Laurence Butler- birth 8 June 1869 New Ross Wexford, parents James Butler and Catherine Leary. (James possibly the son of Laurentium or James above)
Michael Butler- birth 12 Sept. 1864, Wexford, Co Wexford, parents- Laurence Butler and Ester Campbel


THE CLOGHGRENNAN BUTLERS OF COUNTY CARLOW AND THE BUTLERS OF BANOGE, COUNTY WEXFORD
                                                                                   
Sir Thomas Bart. of Cloghgrennan (base son of Edmond, s/o 9th Earl of Ormond). This Butler line originally lived at Cloughgrennan, moved to Garryhundon, and then to Ballintemple, all in county Carlow.
The line began with:
Sir Edmund Butler, 2nd son of James 9th Earl of Ormond, father of illegitimate son (by mother Saidne Kavanagh according to Ld Dunboyne’s Pedigrees):
Thomas Butler 1st Baronet (created 1628) of Cloghgrennan, co. Carlow b.c.1570 d.aft 1639, m. Anne Colclough c.1609 d/o Sir Thomas Colclough & Martha Loftus of Tintern Co Wexford;
son and heir:
Edmund Butler 2nd Bt. of Cloghgrennan, d. bef 1653, m. Juliana Hyde d.1683 (BTR 84);
 issue:
1. Dr Pierce Butler 4th Bt., d. 1732 d.s.p. BTR 253, m. Anne Galliard, only issue- dau Jane;                         
2. Col. James Butler of Garryhundon & Clonachona, d. 1720 (BTR 200),
m.1.1696 Frances Abney d.1699;
m.2.1699 Eleanor Loftus d.1748, issue Richard Butler 5th Bt. of Garryhundon 1699-1771;
defacto.3. unknown mother, illeg issue William Butler of Ballycooge, co. Wicklow (see below Butlers of Banoge)

The Butlers of Banoge, County Wexford
The Butlers of Banoge, near Gorey- one line was closely related to the Butlers of Cloghgrennan above and the Butlers of Ballycooge in Co Wicklow, and a second family of Butlers living in Banoge Co. Wexford, ancestry unknown.

Butler family 1.
BTR 74: William Butler of Banoge farmer
Date: 7 June 1763:
Wife: Rachel Butler;
Brothers & Executors: Richard, James Butler;
Children: Rachel, Thomas, Richard*, James Butler.
Son-in-law Thomas Cavanagh.
(NB * Son Richard Butler married Catherine Butler dau of William of Ballycooge (Wicklow), illeg. son of Col. James Butler of Garryhundon [co.Carlow- of the Cloughgrennan line- Protestants]- ancestors of the Corriganeagh and Ballycomclone Butlers)
Witnesses: James Slater, James Butler, Richard Butler.
(BTR= Butler Testamentary Records- will extracts by Fr. W. Clare- see Butler Society Website)
A burial record at Clonnatin outside Gorey appears to be related to this family, probably the son of Richard and Catherine (Rootsweb- Tombstone Inscriptions- uploaded by Cara Links, 2 July 2006):
BUTLER- Table Top
Memorial to Richard Butler, Corrignea, who died 11 June 1836 aged 78 years (ie. b. 1758). His wife Hannah Butler died 19th March 1817 aged 81 years, Their son James Butler died 4 August 1859 aged 61 years (b.1798) and their daughter Catherine Butler who died 1 Dec 1867 aged 72 years. Also Mary Butler died 10 May 1874 aged 76 yeas (daughter of Richard and Hannah).

The Probate of Will record for a William Butler (444) 15 August, late of Ballycomclone Gorey Co Wexford, farmer, who died 25 Feb 1902, was granted to Robert Butler farmer. Effects £154. (NAI Calendar of Wills and Administration) 
A Robert Butler was born 16 August 1864 at Coolgreany (between Gorey and Arklow), to parents William Butler and Mary Neill.
Letters of Admin (850) with Will annexed, of personal estate of William Butler late of Ballylarkin Co WExford, farmer, (between Gorey and Arklow), who died 5 Dec 1871 at same place, were granted to Bridget Butler of same place (Inch Gorey), Spinster, a sister, and one of the residuary legatees. Effects under £50.  3 June.


Butler family 2.
William of Ballycooge co. Wicklow, d.1737, married Anna Pierce of Kilpipe co. Wicklow in 1731 (she remarried E. Byrne, probably Edward Byrne of Ballymanus in co Wicklow, related to Garrett Byrne of Ballymanus, a Wexford leader in the 1798 Rebellion- related by marriage to Adam Colclough of Boley);
issue: 
Catherine 1740-1814, m. Richard Butler of Banoge, son of William Butler of Banoge (BTR 74) (see above)- ancestors of the Corriganeagh and Ballycomclone Butlers
Richard 1731-1824 -see below *

Richard Butler b.1731 at Ballycooge (* above), d.1824 at Gorey, married Julia Pierce Hunt (1740-1820 d/o John Hunt and Julie Pierce of Banoge) in 1760 and settled in Banoge and they had eight sons and a daughter- 
William b.1761, d.1798 (killed in Rebellion) 
James b.1763, d.15 Feb 1836 at Knockduff Co. Wexford, m. Mary Butler (issue John, Edward b 9 Nov 1813 at Clone Co Wexford, Thomas b 1816, William b. 1817, Richard b.1819, Jacob b.1825, Isaac b.1827, Elizabeth b.1804, Mary b. 1808, Hester b. 1811, Frances b.1823)
Thomas 1765-1782  
Richard b.1773, d.1798 killed in Rebellion 
John 1775-1830, m. Catherine Stone 
Edward of Coolnavea 1780- 1851; m.1. Sarah A- issue: John b.1823 (m. Frances Butler d/o James Butler of Carriganeagh -issue Edward, James, John, John Robert, William Henry and 6 daus)- emigrated to New Zealand- see John of Coolnaveagh below; Jane b.1825; Edward b.1828; Edward W. ?. 
Edward m.2. Anne Stone- no issue
Thomas 1782-1850
George b. 20 June 1786 Banoge, d. 27 January 1841 at Kilmakilloge, m. Anne Nancy Colburne 1795- 1846- issue Richard 14 Feb. 1819- 19 Oct 1854 (m..1842 Mary Godkin); Henry 22 Sept 1822- 26 Feb 1882, (m. Sarah Letitia Haskins 2 Oct 1850- issue William Henry b.1854, to New Zealand; James George b.1857- 1935 m.1901 Kathleen McManus; Nathaniel b.1859 m. 1887 Bessie Leftwich Green; Thomas Haskins b.1860 emigrated to N.Z.; Sarah Anne b.1851 m. 1872 Sam Godkin; Jane b.1852, m. 1880 Henry Edwards, to Canada; Margaret Mary b. 1856, m. 1885 Sam Wheelock, to US 1912; Alice b.1863, to US in 1889, m. 1889 Joseph B. Huggard; Elizabeth Charlotte  aka Lily b.1866, m.1889 Robert Parker); William 29 July 1824- 16 Sept 1824; William 15 Aug 1825-1905, (m.1. Emma Harvey 1833-1907, m.2. Elizabeth Reeves; m.3. Ellen Close; m.4. Emma Gloria Lavender; m.5. Sarah Bennett) emigrated to Utah; James 29 Sept 1828- 8 Sept 1849; George Dec. 1833- 26 Dec 1853; Edward b.1838/39, emigrated to Australia; Mary Ann Marianne 1816-1901 (m. A. Sparks 1837, to Ottawa); Ann 1817-1817; Ruth Feb. 1830, m.Dec 1849 Thomas Edgar Harrison; Annie 1834-1848; Alice 1835-1891 (m. H. Nash, emigrated to Canada
Sarah  m. Sam Singleton, to Canada
(Tithe Applotment Books of 1823-37- George Butler at Banoge 1823)

(sources: Butler Society "Happy Families" file; Mr Walter Butler [descendant of James George Butler above]; and Ancestry.com family tree of Sharon Stone Whitely)



.
John Butler at Coolnaveagh in the Griffiths Valuation, son of Edward Butler of Coolnavea, s/o Richard Butler of Banoge s/o William Butler of Ballycooge. (NB John emigrated to New Zealand in 1874)
Henry, James and Thomas Butler also at Carriganeagh and Henry Butler at Raheenagurren. (Frances dau of James Butler of Carriganeagh, married John Butler of Coolnaveagh and emigrated to New Zealand)
George Butler in the town of Gorey; (probably George, son of George youngest son of Richard of Banoge s/o William of Ballycooge)

Happy Families File by Lord Dunboyne- Butler Society: references to Wexford Butlers in the Banoge/Gorey area:   
Q36. BJ1#4  James Butler (ca. 1700) of Clonachona, Co. Carlow.
His younger son, William (d. 1737) of Ballycooge, Co. Wicklow, m., 1731, Anne, da. of R. Pierce of Kilpipe, Co. Wicklow and had a son, Richard Butler  (d. 1824) of Banoge, Gorey, Co. Wexford whose 7th s., George Butler  (1786-1841) of Banogue (see also Q55) had a 2nd s., Henry Butler (1822-82) of Banogue (per this Henry’s Family Bible). 
Clonachona is Broomville, just N.E. of Ballintemple (O.S. 1908 Map, Carlow, Sheet 14).
Comment- We are indebted for the above information to Jim Butler of Texas and his parents of Dublin. Jim is son of James (b. 1906, who hit the headlines in 1934 when he foiled an armed Bank-robber), s. of James (1857-1935), s. of the above Henry. 
William Paul Butler was of Broomville. He was 4th s. of Sir Richard (1699-1771), 5th Bt., s. of James who, being 2nd s. of Sir Thomas, 3rd Bt., of Garryhundon, Co. Carlow, was very likely of Clonachona and the James in question. The Will of 23 Aug. 1720 of James, s. of Sir Thomas, was proved, 14 March 1723, in Armagh Prerogative Court (Cockayne, Complete Baronetage).

1798 Rebellion references to Protestants killed near Gorey, in Musgrave’s “Memoirs” pp737-749:                                  
During the Rebellion the death of William Butler of Clough (near Gorey on the road towards Ferns) was reported as being murdered by rebels at Gorey 22 June. He may have been related to Richard Butler of Banoge, son of William of Ballycooge. Two of Richard’s sons, William and Richard died in 1798. Another record has William and George Butler of Killbride (near Banoge) killed/piked in the battle of Ballyellis 30 June 1798. The Battle of Ballyellis involved the rebels and the yeomen militia, to which William and George probably belonged. William, killed at Ballyellis left a widow & three children. He was more likely to be the son of Richard of Banoge. An Elizabeth Butler of Ballycomclone reported her husband  killed, leaving her with 3 children- another report by Eliza Butler of Prospect, whose husband was in the Gorey Cavalry and killed, also leaving her with three children. This is probably the same woman as Prospect and Ballycomclone are in the same vicinity, east of Gorey, and north of Banoge. Her husband may have been Richard, son of Richard of Banoge, son of William of Ballycooge, who was killed in 1798.  But, according to Lord Dunboyne and Walter Butler of the USA, the Ballycomclone Butlers came from the other Richard of Banoge who married Catherine Butler daughter of William of Ballycooge, co. Wicklow. That Richard was the son of William of Banoge, a farmer, who died 1763 BTR 74. William of Banoge had two brothers Richard and James, and sons Thomas, Richard and James. His daughter Rachel married Thomas Cavanagh. James Snr and Jnr may have been the son/grandson of Richard of Banoge’s son James.

Happy Families Q55: Comment: William (1825-1905) was 4th s. of George (1786-1841), 7th s. of Richard, s. of William, s. of James Butler of Clonachona (ie Col. James Butler of Garryhundon)
Happy Families Q261. BJ3#1 -  Edward Butler of Coolavea, Co. Wexford (d. 1851)- Clue: His son, John (b. there, 1823) m. Frances (d/o James Butler of Corrigneath, Gorey, Co. Wexford) and emigrated with most of his family to N.Z., 1874 (per a descendant, John Denniston of N.Z.)
Reply: Edward (d. 1851) was a ygr. s/o Richard (d. 1824) of Banogue, Gorey, s/o William (d. 1737) of Ballycooge, Co. Wicklow, s/o James Butler of Clonachona (Garryhundon), Co. Carlow of Q36.

The following Tombstone Inscriptions were uploaded to Rootsweb-IRL-Tombstone Inscriptions- L Archives by Cara Links on 2 July 2006- 
Subject Butler-Wexford
Buried at Clonnatin outside Gorey Co Wexford
BUTLER- in memory of James Butler who died 2nd Dec 1894 aged 26 years (Stone Mason Travers of Gorey)

All from the poorhouse or workhouse and all C. of I.
BUTLER-
Anne of Corriganea died 7 August 1840 aged 25
Anne of Banoge died 1 Nov 1846 aged 51
Catherine of Knockduff died 5 April 1852 aged 88
Catherine of Gorey died 11 August 1855 aged 73
Eliza of Gorey died 10 March 1839 aged 106
George of Banoge died 4 January 1841 aged 55
George of Gorey died 3 July 1847 aged 1
George of Gorey died 18 June 1853 aged 24
George of Banoge died 28 Dec 1853 aged 38 interred at Clonattin Cemetery
Hannah of Corriganea died 21 March 1847 aged 83
Henry of Gorey died 3 August 1847 aged 4
Henry of Tara Hill died 24 Sept 1849 aged 3
James of Corriganea died 22 March 1849 aged 56
James of Banoge died 10 Sept 1849 aged 20
James of Clonattin died 2 March 1858 aged 90, possibly interred Clonattin
James of Banoge died 14 August 1859 aged 58

Index no 7 plot no 68 BUTLER James died 1856 aged 75 years interred in the Old Graveyard in the middle of Gorey Town (Market Place graveyard)

Taken from the poorhouse books etc and listed under RC
BUTLER
John, of the workhouse died 1 March 1848, aged 7 years
Catherine of the workhouse died 13 June 1848 aged 14 yrs
Mary of the workhouse died 3 May 1849 aged 8 yrs
Betty of the workhouse died 10 May 1849 aged 38 yrs
John of the workhouse died 10 May 1849 aged 17 yrs
Thomas of the workhouse died 7 June 1849 aged 3 yrs
Margaret of the workhouse died 2 7 Dec 1850 aged 67 yrs
John of the workhouse died 24 May 1851 aged 75 yrs
John of Banoge died 30 Nov 1855 aged 87 yrs
James of Gorey died 26 Nov 1856 aged 60 yrs
Deaths and ages recorded do not all correspond with the workhouse minute books and numerous deaths were never recorded in the RC Registers- these are the ones found in Registers for this time frame.

Military Record
A William Butler. born in Gorey in 1751 enlisted in the army in July 1769, aged 18, and served in Rome and Portugal until he was discharged due a reduction plus old age in 1819. He was ranked as a private for 25 years and was promoted to sergeant for 23 years, in the 12th Royal Lancers. At discharge he was described as 5'5", fresh complexion, grey eyes and white hair; a labourer, he signed with his mark.
(Chelsea Pensioners Discharge documents, Box 25, No. 122) 


POSSIBLE ANCESTRY IN CO. WEXFORD

The following information on the Wexford Butler lines comes from Hilary Murphy's book "Families of Co Wexford" pages 26-28.

Richard Viscount Mountgarrett acquired the lands of Kayer (Cloghnageragh, Clogh-na-Kayer, now Wilton Castle) from Foulks Denn in 1536. These he gave to his son Pierce. The lands of Kayer comprised all the district from Davidstown and Edermine to Glynn on that side of the Slaney River. Pierce also took possession of Moneyhore, near Enniscorthy. Pierce was succeeded by his son Edward who, in turn, was succeeded by his son Pierce (II) who is given in the Civil Survey 1654 as the papist landlord of Cloghnageragh/Kayer and its demesne. Pierce’s (II) son Colonel Walter lived at Munfin (in the parish of Kilrush) and in his private chapel he kept a relic reputed to be a portion of the True Cross, brought from Rome for the use of Ferns Cathedral by Bishop French.

Butlers of Bealaborrow co. Wexford, ie. Ballyboro, Parish of Killegny in Bantry, were descended from James Butler, brother of 3rd Viscount Mountgarrett. (ie. second son of Edmund 2nd Visc. Mountgarrett)

Butlers of Kayer, Moneyhore and Munfin were descended from Pierce Butler, and,

Butlers of New Ross from John Butler brother of the 2nd Viscount Mountgarrett.

It is not clear what became of the Kayer and Moneyhore Butlers. We can only guess that when dispossessed of their lands by the Williamites they settled as tenants in the area. Up to the end of the last century, there was a pocket of Butler families in the Oylegate district.” (ie. Scurlocksbush.)”

According to Lord Dunboyne, James Butler of Bealaborrow had descendants living at Clonellance Carlow (‘Happy Families’ Q368). 
He also states in his book “Butler Family History” p24:
Sub-branches of the Mountgarrett branch include… Butlers of Bealaborrow, Co. Wexford and Tinnehinch, Co. Carlow, from James, brother of the 3rd Viscount; Butlers of Kayer, Moneyhore and Munfin, Co. Wexford and Dowganstown and Tullow, Co. Carlow, from Pierce; and of New Ross, Co. Wexford, and Wells, Co. Carlow, from John; and of Castlecomer and Coolraheen, Co.Kilkenny, from Thomas, all three of whom were brothers of the 2nd Viscount”- ie. sons of Richard 1st Viscount Mountgarrett.

P. Hore’sHistory of the Town and County of Wexford” [viii] has the following:
 “In this parish is the Castle and beautiful demesne of Wilton by the River Boro. The ancient Castle of Cloghnakayer was built in the fourteenth century. Sir Fulke Furlong, knight, of Horetown, held this Castle and Barony for some time (about 1410), in custody from the Earl of Pembroke. Sir Fulke Denne, Baron of Kayer died in 1497. The Butlers acquired it subsequently, and the large territory called Fassagh Bantry, most part of the Barony of Bantry. Edward Butler, Baron of Kayer, rebuilt and restored the ancient Castle, and added a mansion house to it in 1599. (His son Pierce Butler held 10,000 acres around the seat of Kayer and Moneyhore until the Cromwellian confiscations in 1653.) Bellaboro, now called Castleboro, was one of their seats, Moneyhore became that of the head of the family in the seventeenth century, and Mountfin, or Munfin, that of the junior branch, of whom Colonel Walter Butler was Lord Lieutenant of this County in 1687.
NB The Mountgarrett branch of Butlers living in Kayer/Moneyhore/Munphin Co Wexford will be explored in a separate blog.

Richard 1st Viscount Mountgarrett, & Descendants, the Butlers of Kayer ,Co. Wexford

Walter Butler of Munphin, Co. Wexford, c.1640-1717, Part I
Walter Butler of Munphin, Part II
Walter Butler of Munphin, Part III
Walter Butler Junior of Munphin (1674-1725) Part I- exile to France in 1690
Walter Butler Junior of Munphin (1674-1725) Part II- Military record
Walter Butler Junior of Munphin (1674-1725) Part III- Marriage to Mary Long
Walter Butler Junior of Munphin (1674-1725) Part IV- Last years

Brief summary of the Mountgarrett Butlers in Co. Wexford:

The Mountgarrett branch of the Butlers of Ormonde- this branch first settled in Co. Wexford in the mid 16th century. Richard 1st Viscount Mountgarrett was appointed Constable of Ferns Castle in 1538 and later Seneschal of Co, Wexford. He was granted the lands of Kayer near Enniscorthy which he bequeathed to his second son Pierce Butler. This branch of Butlers owned considerable lands (10,000 acres) in the Baronies of Bantry and Scarawalsh during the 17th and early 18th centuries, in particular the Civil Survey of Ireland 1654-56. In the 1650's, County Wexford had a population of 13,680 people, 12,778 in the county and 902 in Wexford Town (Pender's Census of Ireland 1659) .

Piers Butler 8th Earl of Ormond d.1539; father of (f/o) 2nd son, Richard Butler 1st Visc Mountgarrett c.1501-1577; f/o (2nd son) Pierce Butler of Cloghnageragh/Kayer (Co. Wexford) c.1540-1599; f/o Edward Butler of Kayer & Moneyhore 1577-1628; f/o Pierce Butler of Kayer & Moneyhore c.1600-1653; f/o
(1.) Edward Butler of Moneyhore c.1635-1676 (f/o Pierce Butler), and
(2.) James Butler of Clough & Ballinure c.1637-? (f/o Richard and Pierce),
(3) John Butler- 3rd son- nothing else known
(4.)Walter Butler of Munphin c.1643-1717, f/o Walter Butler Jnr of Munphin 1675-1725 (married Mary Long b.c.1687); f/o Walter Butler III b. c.1707 and Pierce Butler b.c .1710, and others? b.1718 to 1725.

Munphin in the Barony of Scarawalsh was about 4 miles east of Ferns.
Notably Laurence named his first Colonial born son ‘Walter’.
Although there are several records of other Butler families living in Wexford during the 18th century, most of these were Protestants. The Kayer branch (above) is one of the few known Catholic Butlers known to have lived in Co. Wexford at that time.
However, if Laurence was descended from the Laurence Butler b.1714 mentioned above in burials at Kilmuckridge, there was no  child named Laurence born before 1717 to the Butlers of Munphin, which would therefore discount that line.
The descendants of Edward Butler of Moneyhore and James Butler of Clough and Ballinure have not been traced into the 18th century, and Laurence Butler b.1714 may have come from those lines.

They were also possible descendants of the first Pierce Butler of Kayer who had a younger son named Thomas who lived in the Ballinure area of the Barony of Scarawalsh.

The following genealogical table shows the ancestry of these Butler families of Co. Wexford and their links with the House of Stuart.



GENERAL RECORDS OF BUTLERS IN COUNTY WEXFORD:

WEXFORD WILLS:

The Butler Testamentary Records (viz. BTR, collected by Father W. Clare before the 1922 Dublin Records Office fire.) 
Butler Testamentary Records held by The Butler Society- www.butler-soc.org

BTR 68: Edmund Butler of Dunyne Wexford  (unknown place?)
Date: 23 Feb 1640;
Wife: Catherine Ryan;
Son: Richard Butler; grandchild Mary, dau of Richard;
Witnesses: William Dullam, Donogh O’Thyomegan
.
BTR 69.Edward Butler, of Kaier (Wexford).( son of Pierce of Kayer; s/o Richard 1s Viscount Mountgarrett; father of Pierce Butler of Kayer/g.father of BTR 70 and 305)
Date: 6th September, 1628.Wife and Executrix: Catherine Butler alias Maistersoun. (d/o Sir Richard Masterson of Ferns)
Children: Richard (Executor); Peirs; Mary (BTR 73?); Joan
Butler
Witnesses: Nicholas Doems; James Peirce; John FitzHarries.

BTR 70.Edward Butler, of Monyhoare (Wexford). (see Monphin/Kayer branch of Mountgarrett- BTR 69 & 305 & 320) (grandson of BTR 69, son of Piers)
Date: 21st December, 1676.  Proved: 6th June, 1677.First Wife: Jane Butler alias Bagnall.
Second Wife and Executrix: Marie Butler alias Hoare.
Children by first wife referred to, but Pierce alone named.
Fathers-in-law: Thomas Bagnall (of Dunleckney, brother of Walter Bagnall); Philip Hoare.
Brothers and Executors: Walter Butler of Monpine and Nicholas fitzHenry.
Place Names: Templescobie; Cloghass; Ballyguilsory; Davidstown.
Witnesses: Marcus fitzHenry; Morgan Birne; Rath Larey.

BTR 71: Francis Butler of Lough
Date: 17 Nov 1739; proved 7 Feb 1739/40;
Wife: Anne Butler;
Children mentioned not named;
Co-executor William Harvey;
Witnesses Francis Shudall; John Horncastle; Rath Vicary; Nicholas King.
(Lough on the south coast near Duncormick)

BTR 72: Margaret Butler widow of Thomas of Lough;
Date: 24 Sept 1739; proved 3 Oct 1739;
Children: Richard; Elinor Burgh; Elizabeth, wife of John Coogan; Margaret wife of Capt. Edward Butler (d.1741 BTR 174- no issue); Anne wife of Francis Butler (above);
Grandchildren: Ellinor, Frances, James, Margaret Butler, John and Margaret Coogan;
Place Names: Rath; Ballyfermot (Dublin);
Executors: Bostock Radford of Brideswell, Francis Butler of Lough;
Witnesses: Francis Shudall, Peter Revile; John Redmond; John Horncastle.
(Rath near Lough east of Duncormick)

Related to BTR 71 and 72:
BTR 499: Thomas Butler, Ballyfermot, Dublin, gent, died intestate.
Administration of goods granted to Richard Butler, Ballyfermot, his son, for his own use and that of Ellinor Burke alias Butler; Anne Butler, Anne (Elizabeth?) Coogan, alias Butler; and Margaret Butler, children of deceased, 9th Dec, 1741.

BTR 263: Richard Butler of Dublin.
Date 15 Aug 1751 Probate 23 Jan 1758;
Sister: Margaret Butler.
Place name: Rath.
Executors: Rev. James Harvey of Killane; Richard Gore of Duncormick;
Witnesses: John Glascott; Ann Glascott; Elizabeth Boyce.

BTR 148: Andrew Butler of Castlebridge, Wexford.
Date 19th Sept 1745; Probate 30th Sept 1745.                     
Wife: Catherine;
Children: Nicholas (Executor); Mary; Alice (Rossiter). Mentioned: Hester Butler (Darcy); Anne and Catherine (?children of Hester Butler).
Witnesses: Thomas Higgins; Richard Corish.

BTR  358: George Butler of Ramsgrange.
Admin to Anna Butler, alias Briver, widow, his daughter, and to George. William, Robert and Jane Butler, his other children. Anna Butler, widow of deceased, to whom Administration has been granted, having died without administering 17 May 1699.      
(Lieut. at Duncannon Fort.)

BTR 357: George Butler of Co. Wexford, gent.
 Admin to Anna Butler, his widow and Anne, George, William Robert, and Jane Butler, his children 24 April 1686. – same George as George of Ramsgrange- see BTR 358 above

BTR 80. George Butler of Clonmulsk (Carlow).(HFQ383) see below
Date: 4th January, 1791. Proved: 12th April, 1791.
Wife and Executrix: Margaret Butler.
Sons: Pierce (Executor); Walter Butler.
Witnesses: Richard Thompson; Edward Stephens; Walter Cummins.
(NB Clonmulsker- see Lady Juliana of Ballintemple 1659 Census of Ireland; Clonmelsh near Garryhundon)

BTR 73. Mary Butler of Wexford. (? d/o Edward Butler BTR 69?)
Date: “Lamas”, 1653. Proved: 3rd January, 1653.
Brother and his two children mentioned.
Witnesses: Margaret Sinnott; Ann Keating (see 84?).

BTR 74. William Butler of Banoge (Wexford), farmer. (Ballintemple line)Date: 7th June, 1763.
Wife: Rachel Butler.
Brothers and Executors: Richard; James Butler.
Children: Rachel; Thomas; Richard; James Butler.
Son-in-law Thomas Cavanagh.
Witnesses: James Slater; James Butler; Richard Butler.


 BUTLERSTOWN, SOUTH WEST OF WEXFORD TOWN:


Hilary Murphy states:
 “Butlerstown Castle near Tomhaggard was built by Sir Richard Butler about the middle of the sixteenth century. He was the eldest son of Pierce Butler 1st Viscount Mountgarrett.” (?- This information appears to be confused, unless he meant Sir Richard 1st Visc. Mountgarrett, second son of Pierce Butler 8th Earl of Ormond;
James Butler held the castle of Richard Stafford of Ballymacane (ie. near Butlerstown, in parish of Tacumshin) in 1559 and was succeeded by his son and heir Patrick Butler aged 35. In 1608 James Butler of Butlerstown was one of the gentlemen of the barony.”

The Journal of the Butler Society Vol 3 No. 4 page 561, has an article on Butlerstown Castle:
Butlerstown Castle in the Parish of Ishartmon, Co. Wexford, was probably built about the middle of the 16th century. On 8 August 1539 a James Butleare of Butlearston was a juror on an inquisition held at Maglass before Hamund Stafford, Sheriff of the liberty of the County Palatine of Wexford. In 1618 the castle was occupied by, presumably, another James Butler, gent, a free tenant….. in the latter half of the17th century it was occupied by a member of the Herron family.”

It is therefore possible that Francis Butler of Lough (d.1739) and/or Thomas Butler of Lough (d.before 1739), wills BTR’s 71, 72, 263, 499 (see below), descended from the Butlerstown Butlers. Francis named his son James, probably after his father; Thomas named his son Richard (Richard d.s.p.1758). Francis married Thomas’s daughter Anne, and probably moved to Lough to look after the property following the death of his father-in-law. Lough is in southern Wexford near Duncormick, not far from Butlerstown. However, Thomas is also from Ballyfermot in Dublin, so may not have been a long term resident of Co. Wexford.
“After the Cromwellian confiscation, a descendant of Sir Nicholas Heron Governor of Ferns Castle, lived at Butlerstown for about a century. It afterwards passed to the Harvey family of Bargy Castle.”
N.B. Sir Beauchamp Bagenal Harvey of Bargy Castle, (close to Butlerstown) although a Protestant, was the commander-in-chief of the Wexford United Irish Society rebels, including Laurence, and was executed after the Rebellion, and his property confiscated.

Hore-Vol 6 P548
1618- Fines etc at Enniscorthy, taken on Tuesday 8th Feb 16 James (ie.1618) before Sir Thomas Colclough kt etc, J.P.s &c
Of the goods and chattels of Walter Brian of Longraige, gent, one of Constables of the Barony of Shelmalier, for not accounting, 5s. Ditto of…. James Butler of Butlerstown gent, one of the free tenants, &c., 4s., etc.

Vol 6 –p387
1576- Pleas at Wexford- Pat Butler of Butlerstown, etc.


RECORDS OF OTHER BUTLERS IN WEXFORD:

Philip Hore (ed), History of the Town and County of Wexford, Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.C., London, 1900-1911- 6 volumes- (Compiled principally from the State Papers, The Public Records, and MSS. of the late Herbert F. Hore, Esq., of Pole Hore, in that County) Reprint 1978, Vol. 6 p.560-61

Hore: Vol 6 P523
1677- On the 20th October an Inquisition was held at Enniscorthy before Nathaniel Boyle Esq, High Sheriff, respecting appointments and functions of Incumbants with their spiritual dignities. The names of the Jurors are: Henry Butler de Rahine etc., all gents. They state that there are not and never were any such functions and spiritual dignities in the County as the Chapel of St. Clements and these Rectories etc.
(NB the other names were unfamiliar and would suggest New English plants, therefore Protestants)
The Complete Returns From the Census of 1659 for County Wexford
 (Source: “Ireland County Wexford Genealogy & Family History” pub Kansas 2002)
:
Folio 58- Scarwelsh Barrony: Parish-Kilcome; Townelands-Rahin; No of People-11;
Tituladoes Names-Capt Buttler gent;
No. of English-0; No. of Irish-11.
(NB. This townland appears to be north of Ferns and west of Gorey, near the Slieveboy Mountains. (see Henry de Rahine above- this may refer to the same person, in which case Capt Buttler was probably in Cromwell’s army, and therefore an Englishman and a protestant. Many of Cromwell’s soldiers returned to England, and/or were absentee landlords and leased or sold their claims. It would appear that Capt Butler was not living there at the time, as the return lists zero English residents, only Irish.)
P178 “Kilkenny: History & Society” Ch 8 “The Changing Composition of Kilkenny Landowners 1641-1700” by Monica Brennan- Explains the term used in the 1659 ‘Polltax’ Census- “Tituladoes”-
“A titulado need not be a landowner; some of the men returned held their lands by leasehold, so it is possible that some had resided in (Wexford) before 1641, but were excluded from the Book of Survey and Distribution (1656). Others were soldiers of the Commonwealth residing in (Wexford) in 1659, but, for whatever reasons, were not confirmed in possession of their claims.” This explanation may explain why Capt Butler/Henry Butler was not listed in the Book of Survey as a proprietor of lands in this area.

Thomas Butler (?)
A Thomas Butler is named in the list of Burgesses of the Borough of Enniscorthy for 1681; and a Thomas Butler of Ballinakill is named on the Wexford Roll of those who took the oath of the Catholic Confederation in 1641. (Vol 5 p257) There are two townlands of Ballynakill in Enniscorthy Parish- one in Monart just south of Munfin and very close to Ballinure, and a Ballynakill near Ferns (NB. there are also two townlands named Ballinakill near Gorey just south of Banoge, and just SE of Ballycanew, but they are in the Gorey Parish). 
As Thomas took the oath, he was therefore Catholic. It is unknown how Thomas is related to the Butlers, and there are no other records of a Thomas Butler in County Wexford at this time, but the name Thomas continues in the Oylegate area near Edermine, and in Enniscorthy. A Thomas is named in the Griffiths Valuation living in Newtown just north of Ferns.
Maybe he was a descendant of Thomas, 3rd son of Pierce of Kayer (the elder), about whom nothing is known. However, he was probably related to the Kayer line, somewhere.


Hore- Vol 6 Chap XXVII p524
1681- The entries in the Record Book of the Borough of Enniscorthy commence in this year. Many of these are curious and interesting besides supplying us with the names and dates of appointment of the Portreeves, burgesses, and other officers of the town. Note 2- the following names of the first Portreeve and Burgesses under the Charter (see Pat. Roll II James I., Pt I, m6). Provost, or Portreeve: Richard Elliot gent. Burgesses: John ffortune, alias Miersie, Thomas Jagoe, Christopher Penrast, Thos Bennett, John English, Henry Poole, Stephen Walsh, Wm Butt, Thos ffarmer, Walter Browne, Thos Butler and John Browne. (NB. mostly New English and therefore Protestants, although the Browne family of Wexford, descendants of the Brownes of Mulrankin, was mostly staunch Catholic; this Thomas possibly the Thomas Butler from Ballinakill named in the Catholic Confederation Roll of 1641, or a son.)

Vol 5 p257- 1641- Names of members of the Catholic Confederation, from one of the Rolls of those who took the oath:
Butler, Thomas, of Ballinakill
Butler, Pierce, of Kayer

Vol 6 p526 Borough of Enniscorthy
1687 10 Oct- Patrick Colclough Esq added to list of Burgesses of the Borough of Enniscorthy.
1687 18 Oct-  James Butler and Charles Kavanagh sworn as Burgesses. ie.?  father of Lucy Kavanagh who married Richard Butler 2nd son of 2nd Visc. Galmoy and Eleanor White; or father of the Cavanagh who married Elinora the daughter of James Butler of Clough (son of Pierce Butler of Kayer) and Mary Colclough.

Vol 6- p504-
List of Irish Proprietors Transplanted into Connaught
James Butler of Belaunagh (Co Wexford), date of decree 3 June 1656, date of settlement 29 Aug 1657; no of acres assigned 230.
(Hore’s remarks: “Ballina, Castle Ellis Parish” near Ballymurn; but more probably Ballinure, north west of Enniscorthy; also, there are several other townlands named Ballina- just south of Blackwater; and just north of Castlebridge) 
(Possibly James the second son of Pierce Butler of Kayer)

Vol 5 p276- 1649- The Commissioners appointed in the County (on the eve of Cromwell’s invasion) were:
Nicholas Devereux of Ballimagir, Pierce Butler of Moneyhore, Dudley Colcough of Monart, etc.

Vol 6 P489- Aug 3 1649- Sir Edmond Butler (Governor of Wexford) wrote to Lord Ormonde from Wexford- ‘Has  heard of Cromwell’s intended expedition but does not expect his advent, however. Recommends Piers Butler of Moneyhore to Lord Ormonde.’
In 1644/46, Piers Butler of Moneyhore sat on the Supreme Council of the Catholic Confederation, and received crucial support from Bishop French of Ferns. He supported the ‘Clerical’ faction under Rincini, against the more moderate ‘Peace’faction led by Lord Mountgarrett. (ref: Michael O’Siochru, Confederate Ireland 1642-1649- A Constitutional & Political Analysis, -Four Courts Press Dublin- pub 1999 pp 224, 246, 217)

NB this refers to Pierce Butler of Kayer.

Vol 6 P542-1769- Vesey Colclough elected Portreeve. 27 Nov- Revd Abel Butler made Deputy.(mentioned again in 1776)- see signature (may have been related to Alderman Abel Butler of Kilkenny. Also BTR 253, Abel Butler witness to will of Sir Pierce Butler of Garryhundon d.1731. Abel Butler of Dublin- admin. of will awarded 1763)

Vol 6- p456- 1611- Schedule of Timber Trees marked for H.M.:
James Butler’s woode called Ballymcluky 252 trees (3miles from waterside- Slaney and Barrow Rivers)
Edward Butler’s woode called Killaghran- 105 trees (4miles “) (Killaghran Woods, WNW of Enniscorthy)
Captain Butler’s woodes called  Cromgarre- 560 trees (1/2 mile “) (NB. unknown)

Vol 2 p218
Members for Clonmines (SE of New Ross):
The Borough of Clonmines by prescription, and returned two members to the Irish Parliament until the Union. There is no evidence of their ever having received a Charter.
1634, 1661,1689,1692, 1695, 1715 etc. names given
1703- James Butler Esq.
      
Vol 6- p520
1667- Petition to King re event 1647 Lord Ormond imprisoned and persecuted etc. sd Francis Boteler
Vol 5 p362
1680- In July… at Duncannon, Col. Edward Roscarrock and Capt. John Seymour (two companies), Geo Butler, Wm Windrington, Lieuts. (MSS of Lord Ormond vol ii pp 222-3)

 

Vol 6 p224

1552- Pardon to Balthazar Butler Rector of Tomhagre (Tomhaggard)- offences not on record
Vol 1 p375- 1704- The humble petition of Richard Butler of New Rosse, merchant- to his Grace James, Duke of Ormond, Lord Lieutenant &c.
Humbly Shewith. That your Petitioner has been a Considerable dealer in this kingdom for above these 35 years past during which time he has paid to H.M. and her Royall Predecessors above the sum of £35,000 sterling for dutys of goods Imported into and Exported out of this Kingdom, all which dutys he duely and punctually discharged, but now since the Declaration of the Present Warr against the French King he has had Considerable losses by the Privateers by the loss of severall Ships and Cargoes which have occasioned him to run in Arrears to H.M. to about the sum of  £800, which sum he is willing thankfully to pay, but great part of his Effects being in Wines and Brandy which he has trusted in severall parts of this Kingdom to severall Vintners and others who by reason of the calamity of the times make very slow payments, whereupon the Commissioners of H.M.’s Revenew have commenced a Sute against him for the said Debt which, if prosectuted this next Terme, will very much impaire your petitioner’s Credit in his Dealings both abroad and at home, altho’ the Commissioners of the Revenue have very good Security for the said debt, the Particulars whereof your petitioner desires to make appeare if your Grace thinks soe fitt.
Prays for time to pay this £800, &c,&c.—(not signed)
Dublin Castle 7th March 1704
Wee referr this Petition to the Comer of H.M.’s Revenue
Sd. Ormonde
NB. this Richard was probably the Richard Butler of New Ross that was M.P. for New Ross in the 1689 Patriot Parliament, and on the list of Burgesses in the New Charter for New Ross by James II (along with Walter Butler).

Vol 4 p409- 12 Mar 1687- Corporation of Ross- Thomas White, water bayliffe, with his mace,
Thos Butler, and others went by water with Collours flying along to Redmunds Hall to proclaim their right and priviledge of the Corporation to the river from Enisteoge to the Tower (of Hooke).
ie. Thomas Butler- a Burgess of New Ross, probably related to the Richard of New Ross named in the above record.

1689 Patriot Parliament of James II- members for Wexford in House of Commons:
Source- Wikipedia:
Borough                  First Member           Notes            Second Member                  Notes
Bannow                  FrancesPlowden                          Dr Alexius Stafford                            
Cloghmine              Edward Sherlock   Dublin City   Nicholas White                 Rosse, Merchant
Enniscorthy             James Devereux     Carigmenan  Arthur Waddington       Portreeve
Fethard                   Rt. Hon. Co. James Porter           Capt. Nicholas Stafford                  
Newburgh                Abraham Strange    Toberduffe    Richard Doyle                Kilcorky
New Ross               Luke Dormer                                Richard Butler                   
Taghmon                 George Hore           Polehore       Walter Hore                   Harperstown
Wexford County      Walter Butler           Monfin          Patrick Colclough           Mochury
Wexford                  William Talbot                              Francis Rooth                  merchant


THE WATERFORD & SOUTH EAST IRELAND ARCHAELOGICAL SOCIETY JOURNALS-

pub. 1895-1917- volumes 14,15,16- article: “A Carrickman’s Diary 1787-1809” by Rev. P. Power
(Taken from the original diarist James Ryan of Carrick near Duncormick in south Wexford, who died 1809 and bequeathed the volume to William Hayes who gave it to Francis Doyle, and from there it went to P.J. Power, M.P.)
Records of Butlers named in diary:
Vol 16-p76-79- Subscribers to the New Chapel of Carrick July 1st 1804
Alice Butler, shopkeeper; Pierse Butler, shopkeeper; Michael Butler, Whitechurch; Joe Butler, ironmonger; James Butler, publican.
Vol 16- p82- Mr Butler, son of Mr Thomas Butler of Kilcash (?), was married 25th May 1793 to Miss O’Donnell, 2nd dau of Mr Pierce O’Donnell.
-       p84- On Monday night, November 23rd1801, Miss Wells eloped with Mr Pierce Butler
-       p84- 1802Mr Pierse Butler married to Miss Wells.
-       p85- 1802- September 29, Mr Butler, junr of Lowsgreen, to Miss Wall at Clonegan.
Vol 15- p131- Deaths- Frank son of Peter Butler, at Kilkenny, died May 31st 1791.
p132- Deaths- Peter Butler, died Dec 13th 1793.
        -Mrs Butlermother of the Earl of Ormond, buried at Kilcash, Jan 3rd 1794.
P133- Miss Betty Butler, aunt to Mrs Frank White, buried in Clerihan, August 31st, 1795. (The diarist attended her funeral, and on the way to Clerihan saw much wheat still uncut.)
P137- Deaths- 1807- Mr Pierce Butler died on 13th June.
Vol 15- p35- “His eviction was not Mr Ryan’s only blow at the hands of his friends this year (1789). Another friend, his brother-in-lawPeter Butler, played him false in the matter of a small farm at Carrickbeg, which had descended to them both from Edmond Butler- presumably Peter’s father and the diarist’s father-in-law. Peter is alleged to have stolen the farm when he found his partner in trouble; he borrowed the latter’s lease which he destroyed, and then took a new lease from the landlord, Joseph Henry, Esq., of Dublin, thus forgetting entirely his duty to his neighbour, his love to his sister, or even that he would ever die.” The original double-barrelled lease, our diarist alleges, was treacherously purloined through the base diplomacy of Pat Barron in the interests of his children. He goes on to contrast the unkindness and deceit of Barron, Butler, etc. with the undeserved kindness shown him by Messrs Francis White”, etc. … others named.


LIEUT.  GEORGE BUTLER  OF RAMSGRANGE  Co. WEXFORD

There is a George Butler named in a Wexford will. BTR 357 and 358 - a George Butler (II) of Ramsgrange, Co. Wexford, gent, d.1686, children named as Anne, George III, William, Robert and Jane. Ramsgrange is 8 miles south of New Ross in Wexford, not far from Duncannon Fort and close to the border of Kilkenny and Waterford.
However, YDNA evidence from a direct descendant of one of the above children, George Butler III who emigrated to the USA in 1698, shows that the YDNA of this line is from a completely different Haplo group to the descendant of Laurence Butler, and therefore can almost certainly be discounted from Laurence's ancestral quest.

However, the following information is left on the blog in case it is of interest to anyone researching Butlers from County Wexford.

A listing in the Rootsweb IRL-Wexford website by a researcher named Ed Butler in the USA discusses George of Ramsgrange and states George’s origins were from County Donegal. Ed also states that George was from a Protestant line and he felt they were possibly related to the Gorey Butlers, due to similar name choices.
Ed Butler states, “At the time of the formation of the Restoration Irish Army 1660, George Butler was made a Cornet in the Duke of Ormonde’s foot company in Duncannon Fort, Wexford. He stayed in the army until his death in 1686. During this period it appears that although he moved around Ireland to different posts, he periodically was reassigned to Duncannon. Because of this it also appears that he made his home base and place of permanent abode in Ramsgrange, which is only about 2 miles from Duncannon Fort. Upon his death it is supposed that either his family moved back to his wife’s home in Dublin, or the family remained in the general area of Ramsgrange. It is possible that members of the family relocated over the years to Co. Waterford, it being so close to Ramsgrange.”  This information would seem to link up with a George Butler of Donegal discussed below. If so, this being a Protestant line would appear to discount it from our search.

Hore’s Book Volume 4 p230 has “In 1678 the following was the establishment at Duncannon: Col. Rosscarrock; George Butler, Lieutenant etc.”

Hore, Vol 5 p362
1680- In July… at Duncannon, Col. Edward Roscarrock and Capt. John Seymour (two companies), Geo Butler, Wm Windrington, Lieuts. (MSS of Lord Ormond vol ii pp 222-3)

The Butler Testamentary Records (BTR) has the following record:
 BTR 355 George Butler of Coolduffe, Co. Donegal. Admin. to William Brisbane, of said Co., next of kin 7th Dec. 1670.

This George is discussed in HF Q. 158: George Butler of Culdaff, Co. Donegal. 
Lord Dunboyne states
 “On 7 Dec 1670, administration of his estate was granted to his next of kin, William Brisbane. Various references to “George Butler” are to be found in connection with the same barony of Innishowen from 1631 to 1686 (per, Edwin Butler of Penfield, NY., whose research on the subject is most impressive). The description of Capt. George Butler in the Civil Survey, 1654-56 as an “English Protestant” of the Barony of Inishowen…. On the other hand, the 1st Duke of Ormonde d.1688 referred to “this gentleman”, George, s/o Capt. George Butler, as “being of my family” (State Papers, Ire., 1660, p.154)-this may refer to the George Butler of Ballyraggett whose daughter married the Duke’s brother’s grandson John Butler of Garryricken.


The late Edward Butler (member of the Butler Society- referred to above) did extensive research on George Butler of Duncannon Fort and Ramsgrange, BTR 357/358, which he was in the process of writing up when he died- his work was contributed by Bobbie Taylor to the Becton Family History website: 
http://   home.comcast,net/ ~bectonfamily/butlers_of_inishowen.html 
     
According to Edward’s research, these Butlers came from Inishowen in County Donegal and before that, appear to have come from Lancashire.
George Butler (II) submitted a pedigree to the Ulster Herald’s Office, although it was denounced as incorrectly linked with the Butlers of Bewsey Lancashire. However, the information he gives from Thomas Butler down all appears to be correct.
His line in the pedigree begins with Edward Butler, son and heir to Thomas Butler, married Jane dau of ….. Brooke of County Renfrewshire (Scotland), Esq and had issue, Thomas Butler.
(NB. he falsely claimed this Edward was of the Bewsy Butlers of Lancashire)
?Thomas Butler married to …. By whom he had issue:
?Robert Butler, married to Sarah daughter of … Camoll/Campbell of ye family of Argyl in Scotland by whom he had issue:
George Butler (I), married to Jennet daughter to Sir John Brisbane Baron of ye county of Bishopton in Scotland, by whom he had issue: George (II), William, James, Robert
George (II) now of Temple Lyons in ye county of Wexford (? Wicklow?), Esq, was married to Anne daughter to William Smith of Lyncolnshire, by whom he had issue George, William, Robert and Anne and Jane
William, second son of George (I), married Lettice Clinton of Lincolnshire by whom he had issue George, William, Christophilus, Thomas

(NB. It is unlikely that reliable evidence exists that links George I with forefathers Robert Butler and Thomas Butler, so this information is questionable)

Approx. years of birth:
Thomas Butler- b.1555-65 England- may have been part of the plantation to Ireland, County Down, in the late 1500’s, some 20 to 30 years previous to the Ulster Plantation.
Robert- b.c.1585-90- indications that he also was in County Down.
Capt George I -b.c.1605-15- died 1670- BTR 355- of Culdaff, Co Donegal
Capt George II -b.1635-42-  died 1686- BTRs 357 and 358 (wife Ann died 1699)
William b.1636-43-died 1688 BTR 519- of Muffe Co. Londonderry at time of death
James b.1637-44, died 1705-1715
Robert b. 1638-45

GEORGE BUTLER  (I)
Described as an English Protestant
Muster of Ulster 1630- barony of Inishowen in Donegal- described as unarmed- (probably living on George Cary’s estate)
Moved 1632 to his first Culdaff area home of Baskill (By 1665, only 4 other English speaking families had settled in this area)
Quarter sessions of Tyrone 1634- charged with breach of the peace and fined 5 pounds. His in-laws lived in Tyrone
Civil Survey of Ireland 1642- lease of 80 acres in Townland of Baskil, a quarter of a mile from Lisdaragan , the present day seat of the Butlers of Inishowen; landlord Chichester
Census of 1659- By the last half of the 1650’s, George I possessed thousands of acres. The Census lists George I and his two oldest sons George II and William (this listed all males over the age of 16). He is indicated as living at Ballycarron which is about ½ mile NW of Culdaff. In the back of the book he is described as being a commissioner for the poll taxes, once for Lifford in mid Donegal in 1660, and for Innishowen for 1661.
1665 Heathmoney Rolls- George recorded as having 2 hearths and living at Culdaff. His son Robert had one hearth and lived at Dunross (close to Culdaff).
The Ellis manuscripts show that Captain Geo Butler I played host to John Bramball, the bishop of Derry for two days in 1668.
BTR 355: George died in 1670/71, administrator listed as William Brisbane, next of kin and resident of Donegal which is probably incorrect. There was only one or two Brisbanes living in Donegal at this time and none closely connected to William Brisbane- he was probably his brother-in-law.

The Civil Survey 1654-1656 of County Donegal (Vol. III)
(edit. Robert C. Simington, Dublin 1937)
Barony of Enishowen
Parish of Collduff
Name of Proprietor                                             Demonination of Land
Captaine George Butler                               Half a quarter of land called Waskell (ie. Baskell)
English Protestant
No. of Acres- 80 acres
Land Profitable- 20 acres arable, 30 acres pasture
Land Unprofitable- 30 acres mountain

Name of Proprietor
Arthur Lord Chichester etc                            ( the remainder of land in Colduff)

Census of Ireland circa 1659- County Donegal (edit. by Seamus Pender, Dublin 1939)
Ennishowen Barrony
Parish of Culdaffe
Towneland- Ballicarron
No of People- 29- English and Scots 0; Irish 29
Tituladoes Names- George Butler, George and William his sonnes Esquires
(Notably, George and sons were not listed under 'English and Scots')

GEORGE BUTLER (II) (eldest son of George Butler I)
Father, George I, gave land to George II shortly before his death- mentioned in Census of 1659
From old documents kept at Culdaff House (the seat of the Youngs of Inishowen), Amy Isabel Young, author of “Three Hundred Years of Inishowen”, describes a transfer of land from Captain George Butler to Lieut. George Butler of New Ross, Wexford because of his great affection for his son. It was an undated document, but between 1668 when George attained rank of Lieutenant and 1671 when his father died.
George II got his commission in the Irish Army by personally petitioning the Duke of Ormond in London in 1660.

Calendar of State Papers, Domesic, Charles II,, Addenda 1660 [420]; 
Document SP63/305, f.151, p.154)
 (NB Historian, the late Lord Dunboyne, says this record may refer to George Butler of Ballyraggett whose daughter married John Butler of Garryricken, a cousin of the Duke of Ormonde's- however, a George Butler is appointed as ensign to the Duke of Ormonde's Company in 1663 (see below), and was a lieutenant of foot in the list of commissioned officers of his Majesty's army in Ireland in 1664.)


Both George and William attended an institution of higher learning.
In a letter of recommendation to George Moncke, general of all the English Army, the Duke describes George II as being of the Duke’s family (although there is no evidence to connect the Inishowen Butlers with the Duke’s family) . George II carried the letter in person and presented it to the general or his secretary. A year later George II was a Coronet of the Duke of Ormond’s foot company at Duncannon.
When the lieutenant in George’s company received a promotion shortly after George’s arrival, George was acting lieutenant and acting captain for nearly a year, before being relieved of those duties by the arrival of a new lieutenant.
George kept that rank of lieutenant from 1668 until 1682 when he purchased his commission as captain.
In 1682, George appears to have produced a false pedigree attributing the family arms of the Butlers of Bewsey in Lancashire (see The Lords of Warrington Vol. I- date back to the Norman invasion, producing many members of Parliament and knights)

George named Edward Butler (the last in the line of Bewsey Butlers) as his great grandfather Thomas’s father, and registered it in the Ulster Herald’s Office in Ireland. (penciled in the margin in 1800’s, described as incorrect. Historians say Edward had no children, legitimate of otherwise).
George II was stationed in all parts of Ireland during his 26 year career in the army. His most common post was at Duncannon Wexford, where he appears to have made his base camp home, Ramsgrange, just two miles from Duncannon Fort.
George was killed in a duel in 1686. George Twistleton was his opponent. Twistelton was the captain of a foot company, evidently quartered near George’s foot company. Twistleton petitioned the King through the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland for pardon from this breach of military law, without success and was cashiered from the army.
Not leaving a will, George’s wife Ann handled his administration intestate, and the matter was still pending in 1699 when his daughter Anna Briver was in charge of the administration. (See Butler Testamentary Record 357 and 358- Butler Society)
George II’s family seems to have stayed in Wexford or perhaps settled in the Dublin area, as evidenced by several letters in the Ormonde Manuscripts collection. It has been noted from the same collection that perhaps William’s family located in the near Dublin area.
(Edward noted that the Butlers of Gorey seem to share the same names.)


George II married Anne Smith, daughter of William Smith of Lincolnshire. She died c.1698/99.

George and Anne's children were named as George, William, Robert, Anne and Jane.

Eldest son George III was born 1682, emigrated to America in 1698. He married Anne Briver and had children George (IV) b.1718, William, Robert and Jane. (information courtesy of descendant of George IV, Bill Butler)


Army Records of George Butler:
(NB. whether the earlier records in the period 1660-1664 pertain to this George Butler is unknown {NB. Lord Dunboyne's comment above], but the Commissions starting in 1674  definitely relate to him)

Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde Vols. I-II:

Vol. I p242-  1662- Companies of Foot- Ensigns- George Butler
Vol. I- p.352- 1662, 5th May- A list of the Commissioned Officers of his Majesty's Army in Ireland- Ensigns- George Butler
Vol. II- p177- 1662, Oct 40- Settlement of Arrears- An account of such commissioned officers of his Majesty's Army in Ireland as have accepted of a moiety of the ten months arrears, commencing the 2nd Oct 1661 and determining the 27th July 1662 in satisfaction of the whole:
Date of Warrants: 10th July 1663- George Butler, Ensign to his Grace the Duke of Ormonde's Company  £19.7s.0d.
Vol. II, p.190- 1664, Nov 26- A List of the Commissioned Officers of his Majesties' Army in Ireland: Foot: Lieutenants- George Butler

NB. There is a gap of ten years after the entry in 1664, which may indicate a different 'George Butler'.
Vol. II, p202- 1674-5, March 22- A List of Commissioned Officers of his Majesties' Army in Ireland with the present Quarters of each troop company-
Foot- Capt. Lewis Dives; Lieut. George Butler, Ensign Charles Chichester; Quarters- Rosse (Co Wexford) (NB. a Captain Ed. Rosscarrock at nearby Duncannon)
Vol. II, p.217- 1678, Dec 25- Cork Military Circuit
Captain- Col. Edward Roscarrock; Lieutenant George Butler; Quarters- Duncannon Co Wexford
Vol. II, p.222- 1680, July 10- Officers of his Majesty's Army in Ireland and Quarters
Company of Foot Guards- Captain: Colonel Fairfax; Foot- Captain Edward Roscarrock; Lieutenants:  George Butler; Quarters: Duncannon
Vol. II, p.230- 1682, June 25- The abstract of the Army in Ireland according to muster taken for 3 months ending 25 June 1682:
Companies: Captain George Butler's- 1 Captain, 1 Lieutenant, 1 Ensign, 2 sergeants, 3 corporals, 1 drummer, 60 private footmen
Vol. I, p.406-XII.3- 1684-5- List of Commissioned Officers- Colonel Thomas Fairfax's Regiment- Thos Fairfax colonel; Captaines- George Butler; Quarters: Charles Fort, Cork
Vol. I, p.410- XII.5- 1685, Sept 20- Colonel Fairfax's Regiment- Captain George Butler's Company- Quarters- Killalea, Co. Down 


The following Commissions are from State Papers (National Archives UK)

Commissions to Officers of the Army in Ireland
(CSP, Dom., James II, 1685, 335, p.76; Doc: SP63/340 f.28; SP Ire; 340 p54)
Date 7 March 1685
Colonel Thomas Fairfax’s Regiment of Foot: Col. Thos Fairfax, colonel and captain; Captain George Butler, captain; etc.

Viscount Mountjoy’s Regiment of Foot: William (Stewart) Viscount Mountjoy, colonel and captain; Captain William Butler, captain; etc

Sir Thomas Newcomen’s Regiment of Foot: Sr. Thomas Newcommen colonel and captain, Anthony Hamilton, lieut. colonel and captain; Captain George Twisleton, captain (see below)

Report of Captain George Butler’s death:

Earl of Clarendon Lord Lieutenant of Ireland to the earl of Sunderland
(CSP, Dom., James II, 1686, 373, p.95; Doc: SP63/351, f.181)
Date: 6 April 1686
Here is lately happened a very unfortunate accident in the country, a quarrel between captain Thisleton, a captain in Sir Thomas Newcommen’s Regiment and captain George Butler, a captain in Co. Fairfax’s Regiment. Butler was killed upon the place and Twisleton is taken. I am sure exemplary justice will be done. I cannot yet give your Lordship an account of the particulars but as soon as I have it from col Fairfax and lieut col. Ant. Hamilton, whom I have directed to enquire into it, it shall be transmitted to your Lordship.
By this means there are two companies void which the King will think of supplying, if it would not be too great a presumption I would beg your Lordship’s favour to intercede for one of them to be bestowed upon one of my gentlemen, Mr Rycaut.

NB. In the following Commission in the Army by James II, the King has replaced most Protestant officers with Catholic officers in each regiment in Ireland, particularly the higher ranked officers. However, it would appear that Captain George Butler was only replaced because of his untimely death two months after the document date. As well, George’s brother Captain William Butler retained his commission as captain in Viscount Mountjoy’s Regiment (also a Protestant), despite both brothers being Protestants.

Commissions in the army in Ireland
(CSP, Dom., James II, 1685, 213, p.51; Doc: SP63/340 pp.151-164)
Date: 1 March 1686
Sir Charles Fielding’s Regiment: Sir Charles Fielding to be Colonel of a regiment of foot whereof Col. Thomas Fairfax was colonel and captain of a company therein; Lord Inniskillin captain of the company, whereof Capt. Richard Crofton was captain; Lord of Upper Ossory captain of the company whereof Captain Boyle Aldworth was captain; Lord Louth captain of the company whereof Captain John Seymour was captain; Walter Butler Esq. captain of the company whereof Sir Nicholas Armorer was captain (NB this was Walter of Munphin Co. Wexford, stepfather of Pierce Butler 3rd Viscount Galmoy); Philip Rycaut Esq., captain of the company whereof Captain George Butler was captain (May 1, 1686).

BTR (Butler Testamentary Records) Nos. 357 and 358
357George Butler of Co Wexford, gent. Administration to Anne Butler his widow, and Anne, George, William, Robert, and Jane Butler, his children, 24 April 1686

358George Butler of Ramsgrange. Administration to Anne Butler, alias Briver, widow, his daughter, and to George, William, Robert and Jane Butler, his other children. Anne Butler, widow of deceased, to whom Administration was granted, having died without administering 17 May 1699 (or1689?).



WILLIAM BUTLER  (2nd son of George Butler I)

Signature of William Butler of Innishowen


Little is known. He married Lettice Clinton of Dublin in the church of Werburgh in 1674. Her family was originally from Lincolnshire as was George II’s wife.
William appears to have purchased a captain’s position in the Irish Army about 1677 with (from his own description) the money he received at his father’s death. There is evidence that indicates he also used the influence of the Duke of Ormonde to gain entrance to the army.
There are a number of letters he wrote in the Ormonde Manuscripts collection that indicate he was worried about his position in the army in 1685, at the time King James II took over the throne and was at work reversing the prejudice of having to be Protestant to be in the army to having to be Catholic.
William died in 1688 from unknown causes- see BTR 519. The Will says he was of Muffe in Co. Londonderry.
William was stationed in various parts of Ireland during his career. In 1682 there is an entry in Derry Cathedral Register recording the christening of his daughter Bridget. He was stationed at the same post, Muff, when he died six years later. This was a small village just 2 miles NE of Londonderry.
It is not thought that either William or George II’s families returned to the Culdaff area.
(The author Edward Butler noted here that much more has been discovered about William and that he will include the added information in the near future.)

Army records in the Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde, Vols. I-II:

Vol. II, p.184- 1662 Oct 8- Colonel Willoughby's Muster Roll
Col. Francis Willoughby, Captain; William Butler in a list of 90 names of no rank. Notably, Francis Willoughby was in the King's Regiment of Guards in Ireland in 1664. Whether this is the same William Butler can't be determined.
Vol. II, p.214- 1678, Dec 25- Abstracts of the Commissioned Offciers etc, according to the muster taken for 3 months ending 25 dec 1678:
North East Military Circuit
Captains- Captain W. Butler; Quarters- Lurgan, Clanbrasil  (NB, Lurgan appears to be in Co. Donegal or Cavan or Galway, but Clanbrassil is in Dublin)
Vol. II, p.230- 1682, June 25- The abstract of the army if Ireland according to muster taken for 3 months ending 25 June 1682
Companies- Captain William Butler's- 1 captain, 1 lieutenant, 1 ensign, 2 sergeants, 3 corporals, 1 drummer, 60 footmen
Vol. I, p.404- XII.3.- 1684-5- List of Commissioned Officers and Companies: Lord Viscount Mountjoy's Regiment; His Lordship colonel; Captains- William Butler; Quarters Coleraine, Co. Derry
Vol. I, p409- XII.5- 1685 Sept 20- Headquarters of Army in Ireland- Lord Viscount Mountjoy's Regiment- Captain William Butler's Company; Quarters- Londonderry, Co. Tyrone
Vol. I, p.424- XII.10- 1686, Sept 8- Officers, soldiers and quarters in his Majesty's Army in Ireland: Captain William Butler- 1 lieutenant, 1 ensign, 2 sergeants, 3 corporals, 1 drummer, 60 privatemen; Quarters- Bandon (Cork?)

Vol. I, p.433- XII. 11- 1686- Army in Ireland:
Lord Viscount Mountjoy's Regiment: Foote: Captain William Butler's- 1 captain and 45 privatement
Vol. I, p.441- XII.12- 1686- Officers, soldiers, headquarters:
Lord Viscount Mountjoy's Regiment- Captaines- William Butler; Quarters- Londonderry, Co Derry

Army records in State Papers (National Archives UK)
Commissions in the army

See above- Commission in the army by James II- 1685- Viscount Mountjoy’s Regiment- Captain William Butler, captain.

Notably, in 1686 when most Protestant officers were replaced with Catholic officers, William Stewart, Viscount Mountjoy was a Protestant yet retained his commission, and in 1688 he was stationed at Londonderry, but the Duke of Tyrconnell, Lieut. Governor of the Irish Army, feared he might be influenced in favour of Protestant William III of Orange, and sent him at the outbreak of Irish hostilities on a diplomatic mission to France, secretly intimating that his detention would be desirable. He was accordingly thrown into the Bastille and confined there until 1692.
Captain William Butler remained in Viscount Mountjoy’s Regiment which was stationed at Londonderry, as the following records attest.

Commissions which the Earl of Tyrconnell took over with him
(CSP, Dom., James II, 1686, 1336, p.339; Doc: SP63/340, pp.209-12)
Date: [January] 1687
Lord Mountjoy’s Regiment of Foot- Constantine Neale lieutenant to Captain William Butler

Commissions sent to the Lord Deputy
(CSP,Dom., James II, 1686, 1622, p.399; Dic: SP63/340, pp.222-4)
Date 26 March, 1687
Lord Mountjoy’s Regiment- Henry Sheridan ensign to Captain William Butler

The following record confirms William Butler’s death, (at Muffe near Londonderry) and replacement in Viscount Mountjoy’s Regiment.

Commissions
(CSP, Dom., James II, 1687, 1241, p.226; Doc: SP63/340, pp.228-9
Date: [June or July] 1688
Commissions to William Stewart to be captain of the company whereof Captain William Butler was captain in Viscount Mountjoy’s Regiment of Foot


BTR No. 519
William Butler, Muffe, Co. Londonderry, gent., died intestate. Administration of goods granted to Lettice Butler, alias Clinton, Dublin, his widow, 4th March, 1688.
(Muffe is now in Co, Donegal on the border between the Republic of Ireland and Derry in Northern Ireland).


JAMES BUTLER  (3rd son of George Butler I)
James married Mary Butler and had a son Stephen (1681-1744) who married Jean Young.
The third son is the ancestor of Butlers that emigrated to America
His son Stephen held a lease in 1716, formerly held by James Butler, late of Baskill. The lease agreement goes on to refer to the lands involved as being leased by George Butler of Bunnagee in 1657, and the land passed down to Stephen’s keeping by a legal descent. James died somewhere in the period 1705-15. Stephen married Jean Young in 1702 and had 11 children. Jean Young’s mother Ann Hart (of Londonderry) could claim to be a direct descendant to William the Conqueror. Jean’s brother George Young was appointed High Sheriff for Donegal in 1734 and the Youngs were the acknowledged gentry in the immediate Culdaff area. Stephen made out his will in 1734 and died in 1742/73 with probate in 1743.
BTR 39
Stephen Buttler of Foxborough, Ennishowen, Donegal
Date 12 June 1724: Proved 9 June 1743
Wife and executrix: Jane or Jean; children mentioned.
Co-Execs Thomas Hart and Robert Harvey of Londonderry
Placename: Vaskell
 His will described him as of Foxborough in the barony of Ennishowen, Co. of Donegal, gent. To his wife, the sum of 10 pounds to be paid her yearly out of the rent of Baskell. Etc.
Stephen’s sons were named Robert b.1706, George bap.1709, Stephen b. 1709, a son bap 1713, James bap 1715, Norton bap. 1720, Thomas b. 1724, John bap. 1729, Joseph bap 1731. The unnamed son could be a Walter Butler who signed the Culdaff vestry book in 1738 and was mentioned in the 1750 Protestant Housekeepers roll.
The descendant of one of the sons, George married Rose Gillen and moved to Lisdaragan where the Butlers still reside to this day. They sheltered a Catholic priest during the period of the rebellion when Catholic priests were banished. A son emigrated to the USA in 1847 and settled in Clearfield.
  

ROBERT BUTLER, (4th and youngest son of George Butler I)
Outside the mention he gets in the 1665 Heathmoney Rolls, Robert is not found in any records. There is a Robert Butler listed as Burgess for Londonderry in 1692 but no evidence to indicate this is the same Robert.


EXTRA  RECORDS  of  COUNTY  WEXFORD-    BURIALS

MEMORIALS OF THE DEAD- Counties Wicklow and Wexford
Compiled by Brian J. Cantwell 1971-1974 in 10 volumes

(No.) 160 Ardamine Church of St John- C. of I
Butler- James died Nove 7, 1798- aged 60 yrs
            Edward died July 31st 1796 aged 55 yrs
            Pierce died Feb 7th 1753 aged 52 yrs
            Wife Catherine died Oct 7th 1780 aged 62 yrs
            Henry died March 8th 1840 aged 40 yrs

166 Ballycanew- St Mogues- C. of I.
Butler- Bridget alias Fitzpatrick died Aug 15th 1824 aged 59 yrs

170 Ballyfad RC
Butler- erected by William of Curtien in memory of father John Butler died March 31st 1831 aged 60 yrs
And sister Frances died Jan 18th 1836 aged 24 yrs
Mother Elizabeth died Feb 3rd 1857 aged 74 yrs
And said William died Dec 15th 1884 aged 79 yrs

174 Bunclody C. of I.
Butler- Pierce 21 of __ 1816 aged 69 yrs
            Jane 7th Jan 1784 aged 28yrs
Butler- Benjamin 10 Aug 180_

179 Castletown  RC
Butler- erected by Eleanor Butler of Arklow in memory of husband Michael died 4 March 1851 aged 74 yrs
            And Eleanor died 1st Feb 1857 aged 73 yrs
            Daughter Anne died 8 Oct 1856 aged 34 yrs
            Daughter Bridget died 22 Feb 1867 aged 54 yrs

Butler- erected by James Butler of Arklow in memory of child John Joseph Butler 15th Dec 1858 at 11 months
            And said James died 23 June 1865 aged 39 yrs
            Son John died 17 Feb 1866 aged 4 yrs
            Son James Augustine died 9 Feb 1893 aged 31 yrs

180 Clonatin Old
Butler- erected by Mary Butler in memory of her brother Richard Butler died 1 June 1871 aged 62
            Erected by Richard Butler in memory of wife Hannah died 1817 aged 81 yrs
            And son James died 18 (39?) aged 78 yrs
            And son Thomas died 1865 aged 61 yrs

(Also from Vol 10)
429 Clonattin Old
Butler- ledger- this stone laid here by James Butler of Corrignea to mark the mortal remains of          Mary his beloved wife died 3 Sept 1840 aged 46 yrs
       And his daughter Anne died 5 August 1840 aged 25

Butler- in memory of Richard Butler of Corrignea died 11 June 1836 aged 78
         His wife Hannah Butler died 19 March 1847 aged 81
         Their son James Butler died 4 August 1859 aged 38
          And his son Thomas Butler died 7 March 1865 aged 61
         Their daughter Catherine Butler died 18 december 1867 aged 72
         And daughter Mary Butler died 16 May 1874 aged 76

187 Ferns- St Peters  RC
Butler- Elizabeth of Coolpuck died 18 Aug 1833 aged 60 yrs
            Husband Edward died 15 November 1847 aged 77 yrs
            Grandson John died 20 Jan 1860 aged 15 yrs
            Son James died 14 Sept 1870 aged 58 yrs
            And his wife Anne died 23 Feb 1887 aged 81 yrs
            Their son Edward died October 1898 aged 62 yrs
            And His wife’s son (Sam?) died 6 October 1902 aged 65 yrs


189 Gorey Old Churchyard
No 74- Buttler- George of Banogue died 1811, wife Anne 1846, 51 yrs
                        Son James 1848 aged 21 yrs

No 78- Butler- James of Knockduff died 1856? Aged 75 yrs
                        Son William died 1871 aged 31 yrs

211 Prospect Graveyard- between Courttown and Ballymoney
Butler- erected by Henry Butler in memory of wife Sarah died 12 Feb 1869 aged 39 yrs
            Henry b. 25 Sept 1822, d. 26 Feb 1882 (aged 60 yrs)

216- Templeshanbo St Colman’s Church C. of I.
Butler- James died 4 May 1784 aged 58 yrs

222 Ardcolm Old (1 mile SE of Castlebridge)
Butler- Thomas Butler died 17 June 1877 aged 75 yrs
         And his mother Ellen and his brother Peter?

235 Castle-ellis
Butler- Mary Butler died 17 May 1774 aged 60

238 Crossabeg RC Church of SS Patrick and Brigid
Butler, William, Blackharren, died 4 Dec 1937 aged 21
       And his father Moses Butler d. 17 Nov 1949 aged 72
       And his mother Catherine Butler d. 21 March 1962 aged 83

241 Enniscorthy- St Aidan’s Cathedral RC
Butler- erected by Robert Buttler of Enniscorthy in memory of:
       His mother Ellenor Buttler died 10 May 1857 aged 52
       His father John Buttler died 10 March 1879 aged 77
      And the above Robert Buttler died 30 July 1895 aged 53
      And his child Ellen died young
      And his daughter Maggie Bennett died 8 Nov 1904 aged 26
      And his son-in-law Michael Bennett died 27 Jan 1917 aged 58
      And his wife Margaret Butler died 14 March 1920 aged 60

249 Killincooly (1 ½ miles South of Kilmuckridge) RC
 Carty- erected by Margaret Carty alias Butler in memory of her husband Charles Carty of     Wexford died 3 Feb 1803 aged 52

251 Kilmuckridge- C. of I. (combined with later RC burials post 1880)
Butler- two headstones side by side
a        Here lyeth the body of Laurence Butler dec’d June 8th 1790 aged 76 yrs
         Here lyeth the body of James Butler who dep’d this life April 14, 1789 aged 66 yrs; also his wife Catherine Butler dep’d November 11th, 1830 aged 91


254 Kilpatrick (near Newcastle, Ballyharran and Tikillin)
Butler- erected by Elizabeth Butler in memory of her father John Butler died 4 Feb 1834 aged 60 yrs
Corrin- Erected by Catherine  Butler of Newcastle in memory of her grandfather Daniel Corrin who died 4 Feb 1808 aged 75 and also his daughter Margaret Dunn alias Corrin who depd (rest underground)

263 Tykillen (reserved for use by the Walker family most unreadable)
Moloney- Statia Moloney, Tykillen, died 31 March 1934 aged 26 yrs,
         also her mother Mary Butler died 11 April 1943 aged 83 years.

271 Wexford Town- St Magdalens- Maudlintown district on edge of town
Butler- this headstone is split down the centre
Erected by Laurence Butler of Wexford in memory of his wife Catherine Butler who depd this life 10th July 1849 aged 24 yrs. Also his mother Margaret Kehoe depd this life 26th Dec 1842 aged 47 yrs.

286 Bannow
Butler- erected by James Butler of Ballymadden in memory of his wife and children- Here lies the body of Mary Butler alias Murphy died 25 Feb 1804 aged 67 yrs

301 Grantstown Priory transferred from Kilcavan graveyard
Rev John Butler died 3 July 1814 aged 64 yrs

323 Murrintown- St Catherine’s RC
Butler- Elizabeth Butler died 27 May 1848 aged 60 yrs
      Her son Martin Butler died 27 Jan 1893 aged 77 yrs
      Her daughter-in-law Mary Butler died 6 May 1906 aged 62 yrs
      Her grandson Walter Butler died 16 dec 1917 aged 59 yrs
      Her granddaughter Mary Ann Butler died 25 April 1941 aged 75 yrs

Butler- Elizabeth Butler alias Harris of Murrintown died 8 Dec 1841 aged 61 yrs
      And Mary Butler alias Cullin died 5 April 1864 aged 54 yrs

Butler- Patrick Butler, tutor of Murrinstown died 12 May 1853 aged 73 yrs
     His sister Catherine O’Leary alias Butler died 20 March 1855 aged 66 yrs
     And Patrick Butler of Murrinstown died 28 March 1871 aged 65 yrs

330 Rathmacknee
Devereux- Walter Devereux of Pembrrokestown died 26 April 1815 aged 70 yrs
       Also Catherine Devereux alias Butler died 29 Dec 1815 aged 68

345 Tomhaggard Old
Butler- Mary Butler died 9 March 1860 aged 7 yrs
      Her sister Johanna Butler died 28 March 1861 aged 12 yrs
      Her mother Anastasia Butler died 10 October 1864 aged 48 yrs

348 Adamstown St Abban’s Church RC
Butler- Mary Butler, Adamstown died 12 Jan 1867 aged 52 yrs
       Her daughter Bridget aged 3 yrs
       Her husband Edward Butler died 27 Sept 1900 aged 83 yrs

Doyle- Laurence Doyle died 7 Jan 1782 (62 or 72 or v.v.) aged 48 yrs
        Also Kary Doyle alias Butler died Sept 1760 aged 44 yrs

355 Carnagh
Murphy- Erected by Laurence Murphy of Ballykeroge in memory of son William Murphy died 21 Feb 1852 aged 24 yrs
       And daughter Mary Murphy died 16 Feb 1847 aged 28 yrs
     And daughter Ellen Murphy beloved wife of James Butler who died 18 Feb 1855 aged 25 yrs

364 Duncannon
Butler- Catherine Butler of Duncannon alias O’Connor died 16 Jan 1865 aged 35 yrs and her 5 children who died young

Butler- Erected by Anne Butler of Duncannon in memory of husband Richard Butler died 11 April 1860 aged 71 and daughter Bridget Gleeson died 23 Dec 1901 aged 65 yrs

371- Nash
Butler- erected by Mrs Butler of Fisherstown in memory of her daughter Mrs Dwyer died 18 Feb 1836 aged 23 yrs
      And her husband Edward Butler died 15 May 1838 aged 53
      And James Butler died 23 Feb 1894 aged 78 yrs
     And his wife Mary Butler died 22 June 1905 aged 71
     And their daughter Hannah Foley died 21 Jan (yr not stated) aged 29
     And their daughter Ellen Duffy died 15 March 1892 aged 27
     And their daughter Margaret Butler died 2 Oct 1900 aged 23
     And his son James Butler died 2 July 1908 aged 3
     And his daughter Anne Butler died 1 July 1909 aged 33
     And Catherine Butler nee O’Shea died 24 July 1967 aged 61

Butler- erected by Ann Butler, Dunmain, in mempry of her husband James Butler Fisherstown died 18 April 1975 aged 75

404 Killane -C. of I.
Erected by his children in loving memory of Rev. Edward Butler son of the the late Francis Butler of Cregg Co. Galway- he was curate of this Parish for 18 years and died 4 March 1881 aged 60 yrs

Erected by Rev. E. W. Butler in memory of Henrietta Eleanor his wife, and daughter of late William Moore of Moorefort died 8 Sept 1879 aged 47 yrs

410 Marshalstown Old
Butler- erected by Richard Butler of Ballynure in memory of son John who died 15 January 1864 aged 20 yrs.

414 New Ross – SS. Mary and Michael
Butler (window) In loving Memory of Patrick and Margaret Butler, John Street New Ross

415  New Ross- St Mary’s
Butler- ledger- this tomb erected by Tobias Butler in memory of Thomas Butler died 22 June 1783 aged 40

Butler- erected by John Butler for wife Mary died 10 August 1777 aged 67 yrs

Dormer- Miss Mary Butler died 1812 aged 46 yrs

Moran- Anstis Moran alias Butler wife to Mooge Moran died 12 Sept 1739 aged 21

Also ancient Butler tomb in ruins of St Mary’s, New Ross:
Hic jacent Petrus Butler filius Richard Domini Vicecomitis de Mountgarret quondam de Cloughnekyragh (Clogh-ne-Cahyr) Armiger qui obiit 4 die Junii, AD 1599, et Margareta Devereux uxor eius qui hoc monumentum fieri fecit in mense Decembris, AD 1602 et ex hoc seculo migravit.

Translation:
“Here lie Peter Butler, son of Richard Lord Viscount of Mountgarret, formerly of Cloaghnekyrach Viz. Cloghnegeragh/Kayer), Esquire, who died on the 4th day of June AD 1599, and his wife Margarret Devereux who caused this monument to be made in the month of December AD 1607, and departed from this world… “



Philip Hore (History of Wexford, Vol. 1, p88) described:
This tomb lies attached to the north wall; it is sculptured in relief, and abundant in curious devices. note1- The alter tomb of P. Butler and his wife is covered with the most remarkable and beautiful Catholic emblems, the “Heart and rays surrounding”. Being striking and hardly usual at the time.
(See blog on Mountgarrett line- Butlers of County Wexford - link above)



JOHN BUTLER OF BALLINAKILL, QUEENS COUNTY

Although I am convinced Laurence Butler originated from Co. Wexford, Lord Dunboyne made the suggestion that, as the name Laurence was unusual in the Butler family, he may have been the son named in the Will of John Butler of Ballinakill in Queen’s County, so it is necessary to explore the evidence for this line.

The Butler Society of Ireland produced the following information, which may or may not be relevant:
(Happy Families file- Q317> BJ3#2- question submitted by Kevin Fahy, Australia’s Colonial Furniture expert.)
" Very few Butlers in Ireland were named Lawrence. He may be the Laurence who was the son of the John Butler of Ballinakill, Queen's Co.(d.1771/1772), a typescript abstract of whose Will (BTR 231) happens to be among T. Blake Butler's MSS in the British Library.
In part, the Will says:
John Butler of Ballinakill, Queen’s County: the testator, a merchant, leaves to my wife Mary Butler, otherwise Nowlan, otherwise Dillon, and to my children begotten on her, namely John Butler, the ygr., and Meabla Butler, all my goods and lands lying in or near Killanaule, Co Tip., which I had by lease from Oliver Latham and now in possession of James Magrah and Edmond Butler, to my dau., Catherine Phelan, otherwise Butler and to my daus, Alice, Joan, Ann, Patrick and Laurence Butler, children by my former wife, one shilling each."

The details of the Testamentary Record of the Butler Families (Abstracts from Diocesan Wills-  © The Butler Society)  
No. 231:
Name: John Butler of Ballinakill, Queens Co.
Date: 17 April 1771; Probate: 27 April 1772
Wife: first (mentioned); second, Mary Butler alias Nowlan alias Dillon
Children: (by first wife), Alice, Joan, Anne, Patrick, Laurence; (by second wife), John, Meabla (of Meabella); and Catherine, married to Phelan.
Place-names: Killanaule (Tipperary), Mentioned: Edmond Butler
Executor: Anthony Gale of Raggetstown, Queens Co.
Witnesses: Richard Buggy, James Fitzgerald

This Will would indicate that John Butler was from Ballinakill, Queen’s Co. but was leasing property near Killenaule, Tipperary Co., at the time of his death in 1771. The land at Killenaule was originally leased from Oliver Latham, a landowner of considerable wealth, his estate just NE of Cashel and a few miles west of Killenaule - he was also Deputy Mayor of Cashel (Clonmell Gazette 1787). (His English Protestant ancestors came to Tipperary with Cromwell in the 1650’s, when the original Catholic ‘Old English’ landowners were dispossessed and transplanted elsewhere and the confiscated lands given to Protestant ‘New English’ followers and financiers of Cromwell. The Lathams were large property owners in the Killenaule area.)
The Will states that the Killenaule land was “now in possession of Edmund Butler and James Magrah”, yet John’s lease continued, and was left in his Will to his youngest children by his second wife, son John and daughter Meabla, so it must have been a long term lease which became common after the plantation. He left his elder children one shilling each which indicates they were self-sufficient at the time of his death, although only one of his four daughters appears to have been married. His son Laurence is named last which indicates he was the youngest born by his first wife (and as the second son, was possibly named after the mother’s father, or John’s grandfather. John’s father would have most likely been named either Patrick or the name of a pre-deceased son).

John’s Will states John was a merchant. He may have been involved in the coal workings in the Sleivardagh Hills, near Killenaule. According to Thomas Power (“Land Politics & Society in Eighteenth Century Tipperary” 1993) “Exploitation of the county’s mineral resources took place in the mid eighteenth century with the chief coal workings being in the Sleivardagh Hills which had been worked in the seventeenth century if not before.” “The main focus of coal workings was at Killenaule under its landlord Newenham and his tenants the Lathams. It is probably the best instance in this country of a landlord town developing around a mining activity…” P51.
John may have been a sub-tenant of the Lathams, and in the business of coal export, or an associated business. Or, as he was a merchant, he may have had an importing business in the developing town of Killenaule, and also possibly in Queens Co.


A Butler researcher in America, the late Bryant Ormond Butler, wrote a book in 1934 about his ancestor, Patrick Butler, titled The Butler Family of Lebanon, Connecticut- An Account of the Ancestry and Descendants of Patrick Butler and Mercy Bartlett” (Rutland, VT: Tuttle Co., 1934). Bryant claimed his ancestor, Patrick Butler, was born 1730 and emigrated to America circa 1750, and was the son named in the Will of John Butler of Ballinakill, Queens Co. His research was quite detailed with references to Chancery Bills, Deeds and Church/Parish records. It should be noted however that Butler researcher the late Theobald Blake Butler in his letters to Butler historian, the late Patrick Lord Dunboyne, disputed Bryant’s research, stating “proofs of descent he offers are fallacious.”(Letter 1954 April 20) and “he really never proved his assertion.” (1957 Nov 12). Lord Patrick Dunboyne also extensively researched the Butlers of Ireland, including his own Dunboyne lines, over many decades, producing pedigrees of all the lines which can be seen on the Butler Society website (members section), and which disagree with Bryant Butler's findings.

Bryant Butler claimed that his first American ancestor Patrick Butler was the son mentioned in the Will of John Butler of Ballinakill.
He also states that the researcher of the Butler Wills, Father Wallace Clare, wrote on the back of John Butler’s Will, “Dunboyne” and “John Butler of Cashel was the son of John Butler of Ballinakill”, and this appears to be the basis of his conclusions. This statement is questionable.
He quotes various chancery records, deeds and wills to link John of Ballinakill as the son of David Butler of Hemmingstown and Garranlea, Tipperary, a direct descendant of the Dunboyne line.

Bryant Butler appears to have made some unsubstantiated conclusions starting on page 32: ‘John Butler of Ballinakill’.
He begins: “John Butler was probably born at Hemmingstown, the home of his parents David and Elizabeth (Judkin) Butler.”  Bryant does not supply any proof for this statement.

He continues: “He married Catherine Butler, the daughter of Theobald Butler of Derrycloney….
From the St John’s Parish Records in Cashel the writer copied the following:
Thomas, the son of John and Catherine Butler was baptized in St John’s Church, Cashel July 9, 1727.
Thomas, the son of John and Catherine Butler was buried in the vault in the chancel of St John’s Church, Cashel, July 8, 1732
Catherine Butler was buryed in the vault of the chancel of St John’s Church, Cashel, Feb 20, 1741”
Bryant incorrectly concluded that the Catherine who was buried in 1741 was the same Catherine who was mother to young Thomas.
Lord Dunboyne’s Pedigree No. 149 has this child Thomas as the son of John Butler of Cashel (son of Thomas Butler & Ursula Edwards of Garranlea) married in 1718 to Catherine Hickey (and therefore nephew to David Butler of Garranlea).
Dunboyne Pedigree No. 148 also has this Catherine Butler as the  daughter of Theobald Butler of Derryclooney, and dying in 1741, unmarried.
Looking at the records, Catherine would have been a 2nd cousin of David Butler of Garranlea, and therefore much older than David’s son John, too old to have born him six children. David and Catherine both died in 1741 and were probably born about 1680-1695, whereas David’s third son John must have been born after 1722, as David married his wife in 1718.

John of Ballinakill’s Will of 1771 named his son by a second marriage as John.  
Bryant forms the conclusion on p38 that this son John married in 1767 to Anna Price and died in Cashel in 1770 leaving a daughter Anna (Will 230). This Will names his wife Anna Price, his daughter Anna, his sister as Frances Russell, and executors Paul Phelan and Catherine Phelan (mentioned in the Will of John of Ballinakill as a daughter, which is where Bryant has made his link, plus Fr Clare's note on the back of the Will).
However, Frances Russell nee Butler is listed in Dunboyne Pedigree 149 as the daughter of David Butler of Garranlea, and therefore the sister of John Butler of Garranlea and Hemmingstown (the same man suggested by Bryant as John of Ballinakill). Frances married secondly Samuel Cooper who is named as executor of Frances’s sister Anne’s husband, Gerald/Garrett Butler’s will (BTR 190). (see family tree below)
Lord Dunboyne’s Pedigrees (No.173, and 176) have John Butler (viz. b.1719 and d.1770, m. to Anna Price) as the son of Richard Butler of Ballynahinch who had several marriages and had two sons Richard b.1716 and John b.1719. According to Dunboyne's pedigree, one of the two Richard's married David Butler’s widow Elizabeth Butler nee Judkin in 1742, but it is unclear which one (see Pedigrees below- Richard the elder married secondly a Butler; Richard the younger married a Judkin in 1742). If married to Richard the younger (as suggested by the Garranlea chart), Elizabeth would have been considerably older than him (by at least 16 years). But maybe she was the 'Butler', second wife to Richard the elder. 
John was therefore either a stepson to Elizabeth Butler, her children by her first marriage including Frances  therefore becoming his step-siblings; or, Elizabeth's brother-in-law which would make Frances his niece. A rather confusing pedigree.


Ld Dunboyne's Pedigree No. 149- Butlers of Garranlea




Ld Dunboyne's Pedigree No. 173 -Butlers of Ballynahinch

Elizabeth Butler nee Judkin's possible marriage to 
Richard Butler the elder or the younger  marked with *,
and stepson or brother-in-law John also marked.

Ld Dunboyne's Pedigree No. 176 for John Butler of Ballynahinch and Anna Price


Interestingly, Bryant also quotes John of Ballinakill’s Will on page 34: “To my daughter Catherine Phelan, otherwise Butler, and to my daughters Alice, Joan, Ann, Frances, and to Patrick and Laurence, children by my former wife one shilling each”
Notably, neither the abstract taken from Theobald Blake Butler’s MSS in the British Library, nor the details summarized  in BTR 231 (Testamentary Records of the Butler Families), as outlined above, name Frances as one of John of Ballinakill’s daughters. 
Did Bryant add her name to the Will abstract he quoted to justify his claims?
The link of Catherine and Paul Phelan named as executors of his will would appear to be just a coincidence. (The name Phelan is very common in Queens County.)

Also, the son named by Bryant as ‘John Butler of Cashel’, died in 1770, one year before John of Ballinakill, which begs the question, why would John Senior bequeath his dead son his land in his will dated 1771? Bryant obviously made another incorrect connection.


The following charts show:

 (1) Bryant Ormond Butler's suggested ancestry of John Butler of Ballinakill (and Cashel);
and (2) Lord Patrick Dunboyne's suggested ancestry of these same lines, which differs considerably.
And the last chart (3) shows the Pedigree of the Butlers of Derrycloney and Garranlea




The significant difference in the two ancestral lines proposed by Bryant Butler and Lord Dunboyne begins with the suggested father of John Butler of Derrycloney. Bryant suggests that John was the son of a Thomas Butler whom he stated may have been born posthumously to John Butler of Kilcash (son of the 9th Earl of Ormond). Bryant came to that conclusion from a lease made by John of Kilcash’s son Walter 11th Earl of Ormond to “his nephew John Butler of Derrycloney”. However, Lord Dunboyne denies the existence of a son named Thomas to John of Kilcash. The lease in question  was made to John of Derrycloney because his grandmother Catherine Butler was firstly married to John Butler of Kilcash and therefore was mother to Walter 11th Earl of Ormond. When widowed, she remarried to Theobald Butler of Derryluskan and had a son Thomas of Derrycloney, father of John of Derrycloney, making Walter 11th Earl of Ormond the uncle of young John.





PEDIGREE OF THE BUTLERS OF DERRYCLONEY AND GARRANLEA



Bryant Butler also quoted various Chancery Bills and Deeds to 'prove' that John Butler, son of David Butler of Hemmingstown and Garranlea, moved around in the period 1727 to 1760. He stated that John Butler was at: 1727 Cashel; 1730 Garranlea; 1747 Hemmingstown; 1760 Cashel. What he didn't take into account was the brother of David Butler of Hemmingstown and Garranlea, also named John Butler of Cashel who died in 1731 .
The first two deeds refer to him:
P37
Deed 56. 208. 37641- Deed dated 21 April 1727 from John Butler of Cashel to Michael Phelan of same, merchant, lands of Garranlea alias Rathiline, 91 acres, for 31 years. Signed 5 April 1728

Deed 65.  207.  45118 - Lease dated 14 August 1730, from John Butler of Garranlea to Michael Phelan of Cashel, merchant, lands of Garranlea alias Rathiline, 91 acres for 31 years. Signed 16 January 1731

The second two deeds quoted, however, do refer to John, the son of David Butler of Hemmingstown:
P35
Indenture dated 15 January 1747- Andrew Roe to John Edwards of Grange and James Butler of Hemmingstown, the lands of Rathduff, Rathsallah and part of Rathmacarthy, 280 acres, for the lives of John Edwards, James Butler and John Butler of Hemmingstown, third son of David Butler esq, deceased.

P36
Chancery Bill- Dated 22 Feb 1760- Richard Doherty of Derryluskan, shows that Andrew Roe being seized of Rathduff, Rathsallagh and part of Rathmacarthy by lease 14 Jan 1747 let to James Butler late of Hemmingstown deceased and John Edwards of Grange, said land, 280 acres, for their lives and for life of John Butler, nephew of said James. They possessed same jointly until Nov 1748 when James Butler became sole possessor of such lands until 1750 without disturbance. James Butler in May 1750 with the knowledge of John Edwards, who was his first cousin, applied to Suppliant to become tenant of said lands for 31 years. Suppliant became possessed of lands and spent £200 on them and paid rent reserved to James Butler until his death on 27 July 1759, now John Edwards combining with Thomas Butler and John Butler of Cashel, who claim to be entitled to estate that James Butler had in said lands and with Thomas Tothill, etc., give out that James Butler had no power to make such a demise to Suppliant. John Edward was originally joint lessee with James Butler, yet at Easter Last brought ejection by Tothill to recover possession of said lands. Begs writ against defendants for relief.


Relevant Butler Testamentary Records

BTR No. 230:
John Butler of Cashel - date 16th February 1770; Probate 2nd June 1770
Wife: Anna Butler alias Price
Daughter: Anna
Sister: Frances Russell alias Butler
Executors: Anna Butler (above); Paul Phelan; Catherine Phelan
(Ld Dunboyne's pedigree no. 173/176 has him in Ballynahinch line)

BTR No. 27
Thomas Butler of Derrycloney, d.1671- 
Children: Theobald (of Derrycloney- BTR 282 below), Richard (of Grange), Margaret
Grandchildren: Mary; Elline; Edmond fitzRichard of Grange 
Brothers: John Butler (of Garranlea); David fitzGibbon Butler
Nephew: Thomas Butler fitzJohn
Niece: Mary Purcell
Place names: Mastertown, Ballykinnine
Witnesses: Daniel fitzGibbon, Roger Lonagane


BTR No. 18
John Butler of Garranlea, d. 1694- 
ChildrenThomas (of Garranlea- BTR 28 below), Theobald (Toby of Grange), Walter, William 
Grandchildren: a son and daughter of Theobald
(Brother of Thomas of Derrycloney)


BTR No 28: (son of John of Garranlea)
Thomas Butler of Garranlea d.1715- 
SonsJohnDavid (of Hemmingstown), William, James.
Brothers & Executors: Theobald (Toby of Grange- his son Thomas 1703-1767 of Ballycarron); John Edwards of Grange; James Hickey (father of David Butler's wife Catherine).
 (no mention of brothers Walter and William, who may have died before him)
Place names: Mastertown, Derrycloney, Hemmingstown, Ballycarraon, Knockaveah.

BTR No. 282 (son of Thomas of Derrycloney) 
Theobald Butler of Derrycloney, d.1717-
Children: James, Elizabeth and Catherine
Wife: Ellen Butler
Cousin: John fitzGibbon
Executors: James Butler (son), Thomas Butler of Kilmelcher, Richard Butler of Ballynchine
Witnesses: Edward Hickey, Robert Macraith, Henry Farrell, Pierce Butler, Edmond Butler (of Boytonrath- father of Theobald's wife Ellen)

PATRICK BUTLER'S LIFE IN AMERICA


Bryant Butler reveals (pp38-49) that his ancestor, Patrick Butler, came to America c.1750 and settled in Lebanon Connecticut. His first occupation was that of teaching school, an occupation held in high esteem in communities of that time. In 1755 Patrick joined the Crown Point Expedition and served at Lake George against the French. The Connecticut Historical Society has the record of his being appointed ‘clerk’ to Captain John Terry’s company of the first regiment of Connecticut Colonial troops commanded by Colonel Phineas Lyman, from 28 Aug. 1755 to 9 Dec. 1755. His signature is on the payroll of Lyman’s Regiment for 27 Feb. 1756.
This expedition’s strategic plan called for an attack on Fort Saint-Frédéric (now Crown Point) on Lake Champion. This expedition was led by William Johnson and Phineas Lyman. Johnson, an Irish settler, had no military experience, however, his ascendancy over the Mohawk Indians explains why he was retained as commander. The force consisted of more than 3000 untrained provincial troops (about 1200 from Connecticut) and 300 Indians. The English defeated the French at the Combat of Lake George in September.
After the French and Indian war was over, Patrick returned to Lebanon.
On 16 Dec. 1756 he married Mercy Bartlett, daughter of Capt. Josiah and Mercy Bartlett. She was born in 1740 in Lebanon. It was not until 1765 that Patrick owned land in Lebanon. The lot was acquired from his father-in-law and adjoined the old Bartlett place west of Goshin Hill. He sold this first homesite in Feb. 1778 to Chandler Bartlett and purchased land to the NW of Goshin Hill. There he lived until his death.
The Lebanon Town Meeting Records state that Patrick Butler was a tax assessor, officer in the church, and surveyor of highways (Vol. 1, p.253)
Patrick was admitted as Freeman, 8 Sept 1767. In Sept 1777 he was appointed Surveyor of Highways and Tything Man. Also in Dec. 1779 he is referred to as Lister (Assessor). He was still recorded as Surveyor of Highways in 1784 and 1790. There is no record of Patrick’s services during the Revolutionary War, but it is thought that he had charge of the roads leading into Lebanon, since that town was the military centre for all New England activities. General Washington made it his headquarters, and the French troops of the Duke de Lauzun were wintered there.
Patrick died in Lebanon on 7 August 1813 of old age, being 83, and is thought to have been buried in the Bartlett lot in Goshen cemetery beside the also unmarked grave of his son Patrick Jnr. His will was put on record and on 29 Sept 1813 his wife declined to act as administratrix. Mercy died in 1827.


ISSUE:  CHANDLER (died young); JOHN b.1759 m. Anna Easton; MARGARET b.1761 m. Daniel Tillotson; CHANDLER b.1763 (died young); JAMES b.1770 m.1. Esther Smith, m.2. Anne Camp/Seymour; LOIS b.1773 (died young); HENRIETTA b.1774 m.1. Otis Bigelow, m.2.Asa Church; PATRICK b.1776 d.1853 unm.


SUMMARY

Bryant Butler gave no proof to link his ancestor, Patrick Butler, who emigrated to America, with John of Ballinakill, nor with the Butlers of Garranlea and Derrycloney. There are no known records in America stating that Patrick came from Garranlea, only "from Ireland'.

Bryant Butler made a number of questionable assumptions and incorrect statements in the book, which therefore makes his stated ancestry highly questionable. His ancestral line on Catherine Butler’s side (which he states descended from the 9th Earl of Ormond), differs markedly with the stated ancestry by Lord Dunboyne and Blake Butler in their extensive research which has Catherine’s line descending from the Dunboyne line, not the Ormond line. There is also no evidence given in his book to link John Butler of Ballinakill as John Butler, son of David Butler of Hemmingstown. 
In fact, John Butler of Hemmingstown and Garranlea was born after 1722 and therefore could not have been the father of Patrick born in 1730.

Bryant's assumption about the marriage of Catherine Butler of Derrycloney to John Butler of Cashel/Hemmingstown did not take into account Catherine’s age and that she was John’s father David’s second cousin, and therefore unlikely to have born six children by John. Professor William F. Butler in his book “Descendants of 9th Earl James” states “I can find no trace of the Butlers of Derrycloney after 1722." If Catherine had inherited Derrycloney from her father, as suggested by Bryant, John Butler would have taken over that inheritance.
Notably, the names of ‘Patrick’ and ‘Laurence’ are not names to be found in the Butlers of Derrycloney, Garranlea, Derryluskan, or any of the Dunboyne lines.

Bryant Butler also added a name to the Will of John Butler of Ballinakill, presumably to make the association more authentic- he added the name Frances to the list of John of Ballinakill’s daughters in the Will transcript published in his book, and a Frances Russell is named as a sister in the BTR 230 Will of John of Cashel. As you can see from the Will transcripts in the introduction, neither record names Frances as one of John’s children. One could speculate that he added Frances to prove his case. Dunboyne’s Pedigree has a daughter of David Butler, named Frances who married firstly to a Russell, and secondly to Samuel cooper in 1769. This contrivance by Bryant makes the rest of his evidence suspect.
                                                                              
Bryant Butler does state that John Butler’s son, Laurence, moved from Ballinakill to Templetouhy in NE Tipperary and left descendants. He does not state which records he used to arrive at that conclusion, however, there were a number of Laurences, Patricks and Johns in this area near Thurles and Annfield in the 1800’s, which indicates an association with John of Ballinakill, and Templetouhy is only a few miles west of Ballinakill, and a few miles north of Killenaule.

If John Butler of Ballinakill’s son, Laurence, did move to the Templetouhy/Thurles area of Tipperary, he was most likely a farmer. A farmer named Laurence is listed in various documents during the 1800’s at Annfield, a townland close to Thurles.
There are a number of Laurence Butlers mentioned in various documents dated in the early 1800’s, in the area of Tipperary around Thurles (about 20 miles north of Cashel, a few miles NW of Killenaule, and a few miles south of Templetouhy.)
A Laurence Butler was listed in the townland of Annfield, about 6 miles WNW of Thurles, as a tithe defaulter in 1831 (also a John, Patrick, James and William Butler named in same list).
Another Laurence Butler was listed as a land/lease holder at Holycross, about 4 miles south of Thurles, in the list of Tipperary voters 1838. This may be the same Laurence mentioned in the list of occupiers in the townland of Glenreagh near Holycross in the list of Ratepayers for the Relief of the Poor of Thurles Union, Holycross Electoral District 1842 (also James and John Butler of Barnalisheen, Templetouhy, just Nth of Thurles, named). The 1848 Griffith’s Valuation of Ireland names a Lawrence Butler at Ballycahill just north of Thurles, and a Lawrence Butler at Annfield.
The 1889 Bassett’s Directory of Tipperary lists a Laurence Butler of Annfield as a resident/farmer and as “Union Thurles- Elected Guardian”; another Laurence at Killeen as Resident/farmer, and another Laurence as resident/farmer at Barnalisheen, town of Lisheens, Templetouhy. This is probably the descendant of the Laurence named in Bryant Butler’s account stating that Laurence moved to Barna, Templetouhy (ie. Barna at Lisheen- Barnalisheen). As the names John, Laurence and Patrick occur frequently on these lists in this area in the 1800’s, I therefore feel that it is very likely that the Butlers in the Thurles area were closely related to John of Ballinakill.
A Patrick Butler is named at Annfield, Tipperary (near Thurles) in the list of Tithe Defaulters 1831, along with Laurence and John Butler.
In the 1839 list of applicants for the right to vote Nenagh Division Tipperary, a Patrick Butler at Killeenacunick, along with Laurence Butler of Holycross and John Butler of Annfield.
In the 1889 Barrett’s Directory, a number of Patrick Butlers are named at Inch (Milestone), Market St (Cahir), Beakstown (Holycross)- as farmer and “Union Thurles- Elected Guardian” (NB same as Laurence Butler of Annfield), and Pallas (near Borrisoleigh). Pallas adjoins Annfield.
The predominance of the names of Laurence, Patrick and John in this area near Thurles and Annfield would suggest that they may be the sons and descendants of John Butler of Ballinakill. And therefore it is unlikely that Laurence Butler living in Ferns Co Wexford in 1798 was of this family.

As Bryant Butler has made so many mistakes and unsubstantiated claims in his research, his stated ancestry must be viewed with great suspicion. It should also be remembered he wrote this in 1934 and a lot of research has been conducted on this line by Theobald Blake Butler and Lord Patrick Dunboyne since it was published, largely contradicting his research. However, it does contain much useful information such as the quoted Wills, Chancery Bills, Deeds etc. that are useful when exploring this line. (refer to Bryant Butler’s book)

If Bryant Butler's speculation was basically correct that Patrick, b.c.1730, was the son of John Butler of Ballinakill, the Laurence named as a son of John Butler of Ballinakill and his first wife would have been born well before 1750, which then precludes him as our Laurence. However, it is possible that our Laurence could have been the son of the Laurence named in John Butler’s will, but again the dates don’t add up, as the Laurence Butler (son of John) would have been very young to give birth to a son in 1750. 


Looking at the Butler testamentary records and the Catholic Parish records, the name of 'Patrick' is rather rare in Butler families, so this fact, and the timing of his birth could certainly lead to the conclusion that the Patrick who emigrated to America was in fact the son of John Butler of Ballinakill. And the family stories that Patrick had been disinherited, matches John’s Will where his lands are bequeathed to the two children of John’s second marriage while only bequeathing a shilling to the children of his first marriage.

Other references in the Happy Families file on the Butler Society website state: 
"Killenaule in 1771 Will of John Butler of Ballinakill, Queen's Co (BTR 231) suggests descent from Pierce 7th son of  9th Earl of Ormond or from Butler of Callan, who belong to the Carrick line. But the late Eva Cookman (a Butler researcher whose research was placed in the London Lobrary after her death) noted that place names in Wills of Butlers of Ballynakill, Queens Co., suggested connections with the Galmoy branch” (ie. descendants of Thomas 10th Earl of Ormond’s base son Piers of Duiske- Piers’ son Edward was given the title 1st Viscount Galmoy in 1645. The third Viscount Galmoy, named Pierce, and his brother Richard became the stepsons of Walter Butler of Munphin Co. Wexford when their widowed mother remarried to him in 1668- they were exiled to France after James II was defeated by William III). The Butlers of Callan also feature the name 'Laurence'.

Queens County is not far from Wexford, and therefore it is quite possible that Laurence, or his father, came to Wexford from Queens County. The Mountgarrett and Galmoy branches of the Butlers were also closely associated with Queens County, and it is therefore quite possible that Laurence was the son or grandson named in John Butler’s will of 1771. Notably, our Laurence Butler named his third son George Patrick, and a second baptism record has 'Patrick George'.


UPDATE: an interesting development with the DNA testing: a DNA match has been discovered in an Autosomal DNA test (Family Finder Test- ie. of the 22 chromosomes handed down through both the male and female lines) between a female descendant of the Patrick Butler who emigrated to America in 1750 (as researched by Bryant Ormond Butler and discussed above), and the Autosomal DNA test of the descendant of Laurence Butler (whose Y-DNA test is discussed in Chapter 25). More research required.



CONCLUSION:

From the evidence presented, we can assume that Laurence Butler, ancestor of many Butlers in Australia, most likely came from the County of Wexford. Pre 1800, few Butlers were recorded in the County of Wexford, and especially in the sparsely populated northern baronies. 
As previously discussed, Laurence’s children named several of their offspring by the name of Ormond, so the children were well aware of the significance of the name.

Due to Laurence’s association with the Ferns area of Wexford, I feel he was likely a descendant of the Mountgarrett line, and in particular the Kayer/Moneyhore/Munfin branch that inhabited the baronies of Scarawalsh and Bantry, which in turn was descended from Piers, 8th Earl of Ormond, a descendant of the 3rd, 2nd & 1st Earls of Ormond, and they in turn, descendants of the first Butler in Ireland, Theobald fitzWalter. Magnificent carved stone effigies of Richard 1st Viscount Mountgarrett, and of his parents Piers and his rather extraordinary wife Margaret cover their graves in St. Canice’s Cathedral in Kilkenny City.
Refer to my blog on this Wexford line descended from Richard 1st Viscount Mountgarrett:
http://butlerancestryireland.blogspot.com.au/2012/11/butlers-co-wexford-ch1-richard-1stviscount-mountgarrett.html

 
There is also the possibility that Laurence may have been related to the Gorey and Banoge line of Butlers, many of whom descend from the Cloghgrennan branch from Co. Carlow. The Gorey area is only about 10 miles NE of Ferns. The name George (the name given to Laurence Butler’s third son, and in turn both sons named their first sons George) is associated with this line. The record of a Laurence Butler living close by at Doughall near Ardamine in 1831 must be considered. However, the fact that the Banoge Butlers were generally known as Protestants, some of whom were members of the dreaded Yeomen Militia who persecuted the Wexford Catholic population, and a number of whom were killed by rebel forces during the Rebellion, their widows and children claiming compensation for the subsequent hardships they suffered, makes the connection between Laurence and the Banoge Butlers appear unlikely. However, there is the possibility that Laurence's protestant father married a Catholic woman, or that his father had changed religion; or Laurence himself may have changed religion when the Penal Acts were relaxed and he may have married a Catholic woman. He certainly had no hesitation in marrying a Protestant in Sydney and having his younger children baptised in the Anglican church (which was all that was available at the time), although they were still brought up as Catholics and their guardianship given to the newly appointed Catholic priests, in his will. Whether this line was also related to Lieut. George Butler of Ramsgrange, and descended from the Protestant Inishowen Butlers, originally from England, is unknown.

The names of 'George' and 'Patrick' and 'William' (Laurence’s third son named George Patrick) are also associated with the Newtown Butlers (Ferns), which may also be a clue.
The local source of information about the Coolpuck and Newtown Butlers claims his great grandmother was a Butler born c.1836 and that she was related to one of the 1798 rebels. This would appear to indicate that Laurence Butler may have had sons, possibly George and Edward, who may have settled in Ferns resulting in the descendants known as the Newtown and Coolpuck Butlers, although Y-DNA evidence indicates that Laurence was not related to the Coolpuck Butlers.

The Butlers of Scurlocksbush and the Butlers of Tikillin also must be considered as strong contenders as Laurence's descendants. The John Butler of Ballyharran Tikillin, born in 1774 was certainly of an appropriate age, and the fact that he named a son Lawrence born in 1798 who became a carpenter, and that several descendants of the name Lawrence continued to live in this area of Tikillan into the 20th century, does give pause for thought. The burial of a Laurence Butler at Kilmuckridge in 1790 aged 76 years,  and therefore born in 1714, could be a significant clue to both of these families.

And John Butler of Ballynakill, Queens County cannot be discounted as the father or grandfather  of Laurence Butler.

However, with the lack of available BDM records for Catholics born pre 1800, establishing a direct link will probably remain a mystery.


(c) B A Butler

Contact email:  butler1802 @hotmail.com (no spaces)

My thanks to Jim Doyle and Peter Butler for sharing their research with me

Link back to Introduction:
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-intro.html
Links to all the chapters in this blog:

The 1798 rebellion
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch1-1798-irish-rebellion.html
Laurence Butler's trial for his role in the Rebellion
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch2-butlers-trial_7.html
Analysis of Butler's trial
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-3-trial-analysis_7.html
Laurence Butler at the Battle of Tubberneering
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-4-battle-of-tubberneering.html
Laurence Butler's imprisonment
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-5-butlers-imprisonment.html
Butler's life and family in Wexford
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-6-family-and-life-in-wexford.html
Laurence Butler's transportation to Sydney in 1802 on the Atlas 2
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-7-transportation-to-sydney.html
Conditions on Convict Ships
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-8-conditions-on-convict-ships.html
Life as a convict in Sydney
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-9-life-as-convict-in.html
Laurence Butler's property investments in Pitt Street Sydney
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-10-butlers-property.html
Sydney Town in 1800-1810
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-11-sydney-town.html
Laurence Butler's petitions to the Governor
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-12-butlers-petitions.html
Laurence Butler's 100 acre land grant in District of Petersham
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-13-butlers-land-grant.html
Butler's membership of the Commercial Society of Sydney
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-14-commercial-society-of-sydney.html
Laurence Butler's court cases
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-15-court-cases.html
Laurence Butler's business interests in Sydney
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-16-butlers-business.html
Laurence Butler's cabinet making business
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-17-cabinetmaking.html
Laurence Butler's property investments in Sydney
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-18-property-investments.html
Laurence Butler's colonial family
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-19-butlers-colonial-family.html
Laurence Butler's death in 1820
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-20-butlers-death.html
Laurence Butler's issue- Walter, Lawrence Junior and Mary Ann
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-21-butlers-children.html
The Catholic Community of Sydney up until 1820
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-22-catholic-community-sydney.html
Genealogy- Butler's possible ancestry and possible descendants in Ireland, and BDM records
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-23-possible-birth.html
Butler's fellow Irish rebels transported to Sydney
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-24-rebels_12.html
Conclusion about the life of Laurence Butler
http://butlerfamilyhistoryaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/laurence-butler-ch-25-conclusion.html