The newly developing science of genealogical Y-DNA matching will probably gain momentum in the coming years and may play an important role in unraveling these family tree mysteries and help with matching family links. It may also pose new unanswerable genealogical questions as well. DNA can provide information about our ancestor's migratory paths through thousands of years as well as individual descent from one's forefathers. The same DNA markers are handed down from generation to generation for hundreds even thousands of years, with occasional mutations of individual markers in the DNA profile.
DNA is the only genealogical record that is absolute proof of one's true heritage, and combined with the traditional genealogical paper trail, it promises an exciting future in family research.
Y-DNA is passed down from father to son, as only the male child inherits the Y chromosome from his father, and his grandfather etc. And it is through the Y-DNA tests that Surname genealogical groups can be set up such as the Butler Surname Y-DNA Project. This project aims to try and sort out the different origins of Butlers, such as the varied Butler family groupings with origins in Ireland and England, worked out by the late Lord Patrick Dunboyne, as seen on the Butler Society website.
Y-DNA tests have been conducted on two of Laurence Butler's descendants through the male line, one a descendant of Laurence's first son Walter, and the other a descendant of Laurence's second son Lawrence Junior. These DNA results are explored in the final Chapter (Ch 25). In the future, they may be able to match with a Butler descendant from Laurence's first family in Co. Wexford, or even Laurence's ancestors, which could prove Laurence's ancestral line.
Notably, the sponsors' names, Murphy and Cosgrave, were common to County Wexford. The Clann Cosgraigh were chiefs of the Barony of Bantry, and the anglicised Cosgrave (not Cosgrove) have been identified with the east coast of Leinster, from Dublin to Wexford, and in the 16th century were often mentioned as people of standing particularly in Wexford and Wicklow. However, there is a record of a burial of a Francis Cosgrave in 1776, address Gravel Walk in Dublin, Parish of St James, which could be relevant.
Catholic Parish Priests in Ferns in the 18th century:
Rev. John Venard acted as Parish Priest about 1725. According to Power, priests at this time of the Penal era, lived unobtrusive lives due to the consequences for them if arrested. Venard lived in Baylands townland working as a gardener for the local magistrate and prominent loyalist.
Notably there appears to have been a gap between Rev. Cannon and the appointment of Rev. McKeon in 1753, which is period in which Laurence Butler was born.
Rev. Dr. Andrew Cassin became parish priest from 1762 to 1786, living at Effernogue and carrying out his pastoral duties from the Catholic mass house at Newtown (according to Power). Rebel leader Fr John Murphy was educated in a hedge school by Dr Cassin who had a great influence on him. As seminaries were forbidden by the penal laws, students for the priesthood were ordained before they went to study at colleges in continental Europe. John Murphy was ordained by Bishop Sweetman of Ferns before leaving to study at a Dominican college in Seville in 1780, returning to be appointed Parish Priest of nearby Boolavogue.
The chapel at Newtown was burned down by yeomen on the 18 November 1798. Local Catholics rebuilt the chapel in 1824 despite the local landlord doing all in his power to prevent it. (see hand drawn map of Thos Lewis White below in Newtown Butler section)
Records of Laurence Butlers and the witnesses at the Dublin baptisms:
(LDS microfilm: Equity Exchequer Bill Book, Volume 28 (1722-1726), p.55, 1726, film no. 2262648)
In subsequent years this Laurence Butler was a witness to several baptisms and marriages in Wexford Town:
A Laurence Butler was named in Brian Cantwell’s “Memorials to the Dead”, grave transcriptions in Co. Wexford,which has two burials at Kilmuckridge (also known as The Ford- near the coast, east of Enniscorthy)- two headstones side by side:
Another burial record in Cantwell's 'Memorials" could also be relevant:
A few Quaker Butler families descended from Richard Butler of Bristol, Gloucestershire who joined the Quakers in 1701, settled in Wexford in the 1700's, according to Hilary Murphy.
Alice Butler; widow, from Marly (near Marshallstown NW of Enniscorthy); Loss- cloaths, bedding, implements of husbandry, sum claimed and allowed £27.19s.8d (Alice Butler of Marley (in Monart, NW of Enniscorthy) reported her husband Richard Butler 'murdered at Enniscorthy 28th May', and house and offices burned, leaving three children 'reduced to want'. (Musgrave's Memoirs, p.737)
Ann Butler, widow, from Clough (between Ferns and Gorey), loss- residence, furniture, cloth for sale, wheels; sum claimed and allowed £40.6s.11d.
(Probably wife of William Butler of Clough/Clogh near Leskinfere killed by rebels at Gorey on 22 June 1798, and therefore Protestant)
Catherine Butler, place loss sustained- New Ross, living in Bath, loss- houses destroyed; sum claimed not allowed £260.2s.9d.
Elizabeth Butler, widow, from Ballicomlone (east of Gorey); loss- house burned, corn growing, furniture, sum claimed not allowed £70.14s.9d
(Husband killed leaving her with 3 children; could also be Eliza Butler of Prospect, near Ballycomclone, whose husband was in the Gorey Cavalry and killed leaving her with 3 children. The Ballycomclone Butlers descend from Richard Butler of Banoge who married Catherine dau. of William of Ballycooge Co. Wicklow son of William of Banoge who died 1763- a Protestant line.)
Elizabeth Butler, from Enniscorthy, loss- furniture, watch, shop utensils, sum claimed not allowed £30
George Butler, farmer, from Balahast (Ballyhast, near Leskinfere and Clough, between Ferns and Gorey), loss- horse, sheep, lambs, furniture, potatoes, sum claimed not allowed £44.102.11d
(George,brother of William Butler of Clough was reportedly murdered by the rebels at the Battle of Ballyellis)
George Butler, farmer, from Moneylane (Moneylawn near Ballyhast and Clough-possibly same George as above record), loss- oatmeal, wheat, potatoes, cattle, sum claimed £22.2s.0d. sum allowed £15.2s.0d
Henry Butler, yeoman, from Churchtown (near Clough), loss-cloaths, sum claimed and allowed £8.5s.10d. (related to William and George)
Henry Butler, stonecutter, from Newtownbarry (on border with Co. Carlow), loss- house, sum claimed not allowed £19.3s.0d.
James Butler, farmer, from Ballicomlone (near Gorey), loss- house, mare, corn, hay, nets, cloaths, sum claimed and allowed £93.9s.7d. (a Protestant line)
James Butler, farmer, from Clone (between Ferns and Enniscorthy), loss- heifer, sheep, profit of cows, cloaths, sum claimed not allowed £47.5s.1d.
James Butler Sen., farmer, from Ballicomlone (near Gorey), loss- house burned, horses, sheep, sum claimed not allowed £57.1s.7d. (a Protestant line)
Nathaniel Butler, shopkeeper, from Gorey, loss- hardware, spirits, groceries, cloaths, sum claimed and allowed £78.6s.1d.
Nathaniel Butler, from Churchtown, loss- furniture, heifer, cloaths, profit of cows, sum claimed not allowed £96.3s.2d
Nathaniel Butler, farmer, from Churchtown, loss- sheep, lambs, furniture, house, sum claimed £233.2s.5d. sum allowed £224.7s.4d
Philip Butler, yeoman, from Newtownbarry, loss- mare, wearing apparel, windows broke, sum claimed not allowed £15.1s.8d
Pierce Butler, yeoman, from Churchtown, loss- cloaths, sum claimed and allowed £9.4s.2d.
Richard Butler, farmer, from Banoughe (Banoge, near Gorey), loss- cattle, cloaths, house, sum claimed £30.11s.8d., sum allowed £30.0s.8d.
Thomas Butler, yeoman, from Banauge (Banoge near Gorey), loss- house, furniture, corn, cloaths, saddles, sum claimed not allowed £39.19s.11d.
Tobias Butler, from Old Ross, loss- furniture, ironmongery, mare, potatoes, su, claimed not allowed £48.14s.0d.
William Butler, farmer, from Banoge, loss- furniture, provisions, cattle, implements of husbandry, sum claimed £40.4s.11d. sum allowed £38.2s.11d. (most of the Butlers of Banoge were a Protestant line)
THE BUTLERS OF COOLPUCK, FERNS
The 1824 Tithe Applotment Books reveal there were two Butler families living at Coolpuck, a farm only short distance up the road from Ferns.
A James Butler and a James Butler Jnr were recorded as living in Ferns at the adjacent farmland called Coolpuck, in the 1853 Griffiths Land Valuation. James Butler was from a family known locally as the 'Cooley' Butlers. James Butler Junior came from a separate Catholic family, and were probably closely related (possibly James Butler Snr was brother to Edward Butler, although one was Catholic and other Protestant). The repetitive use of the names James and Edward in these families makes it very difficult to sort out.
The Family of the FIRST FAMILY at COOLPUCK, FERNS
For the baptisms of James and Bridget Butler's children, they gave the address of Rosemary Hillon, which is opposite Coolpuck, although they lived at Coolpuck. This was a Catholic family. It is believed that James snr was a distant relation of the Newtown Butlers, before they became connected through the Murphy wives.
Edward Butler Senior was recorded as living at Coolpuck in 1824 (Ireland Tithe Applotment Books), and was born c.1770.
An Edward Butler was sponsor to a Bulger baptism at neighbouring Rosemary Hill in 1833, and an Edward Butler married Winefred Carton on 17 November 1842 in Ferns (M/F 04254/09 p.156). Presumably this was Edward's second marriage, after the death of his first wife Elizabeth.His witness was Thomas Carton.
My grateful thanks to Jim Doyle for sharing his research on these families with me.
THE BUTLERS OF NEWTOWN, FERNS
Thomas Butler of Newtown's family:
The name of George appears frequently in the various descendant lines of Thomas Butler of Newtown. It is therefore possible that Thomas may have been the son or brother of the George Butler of Ferns named in the List of persons who suffered Losses of Property, in the County of Wexford in 1798, published in 1800 (Source- Find My Past):
Thomas who was born about 1780-1790, was still alive in 1853 when named as the occupier of Newtown in the Griffiths Valuation.
Notably, there is a baptism in the Enniscorthy Catholic Parish Records (NLI) for the baptism of a Laurence Butler to parents Thomas and Ann Butler, dated 20 August 1822, sponsor Bridget Butler. Whether this relates to this family is unknown.
The family homestead, Newtown House, is still there, and is made of stone, and once had a thatched roof now replaced with slate. It is two storied with five front facing windows. Looking at the lines of the stones, the second story could be a later extension. Interestingly, there are several carved stone blocks set into the front wall, one of which has WB 1809, possibly marking the birth year of eldest son and heir William. Second son George was born in 1813 (see below). There is also an elaborate stylized ring carving with some sort of unidentified symbol underneath. As various historic church buildings in Ferns were undergoing renovations and repairs at the time, George Butler, the mason, may have 'purloined' one of the stones from church sites, although the stone appears to have come from elsewhere and not of local origin. A book on "A History of Ferns" written by Christopher Power, suggests that some of the ornamental work on the now ruined St Peter's Church in Main Street, may have been taken from the ruins of Clone Church, quarried over the centuries of useable materials for repairs like those carried out on St Peter's Church.
William Butler married Ellen May 28 Sept 1845 at Ferns (M/F 09 p.161)
2.Edward b.? (see below- Edward & Mary Ann named as next of kin by brother William)
William's son William Butler (Junior), born 1857 Ferns, occupation shoemaker, enlisted in the Sth Lancashire Regiment at Liverpool in 1876 aged 19, after nearly a year in the Wexford Militia. He served in England for two years before embarking for India where he served from 1878 to 1882, in west Bengal. He was described as 5'61/4", grey eyes and brown hair, with good muscular development. Next of kin named as brothers Thomas, Edward and George, and sister Mary Anne. He was in possession of a Third Class Certificate of Education and received a good conduct badge. When discharged his intended place of residence was Ferns.
13 November 1859- William Butler of Newtown, Parish of Ferns, shoemaker, accused of being drunk on the public street of Ferns and fined 1 shilling and costs.
Another source gave the following baptismal dates:
William 27 June 1880
Ellen 11 January 1882
Mary Ann 19 March 1886
Honora 19 November 1888
Thomas 26 April 1891; died bef 1900
George 12 September 1892; married Maggie Dunbar 9 feb 1920
Edward 9 October 1893
Mary ? 11 May 1896
Susan 15 July 1898
Thomas 27 April 1900; married Susan Kavanagh
Catherine (Kathleen?) 14 March 1905
Margaret Butler married Michael O'Neill- son Sylvestor bap 3.2.1863- the O'Neill's farm adjoined the Butler's farm.
CONCLUSION ABOUT THE BUTLERS OF NEWTOWN AND COOLPUCK
We have established there were at least three families of Butlers living in Ferns pre-1800- Thomas Butler of Newtown, Edward Butler of Coolpuck, and James Butler of Coolpuck, all of whose descendants continued to live there until the late 1900's. It is possible they were brothers or cousins. There was also the George Butler, the mason, living in Ferns pre-1798. And, nearby, a John Butler and Pierce Butler in 1824, living a mile or so south of Ferns. How they fit into the family picture is unknown. The identity of the James Butler who owned the block of tenements in Main Street Ferns in the 1853 Griffiths has not been established, but could have been one of the Coolpuck Butlers.
There is a further interesting link with the Newtown Butlers, which predates the 1798 Rebellion. During this period of the Penal Laws, the building that served as a Catholic mass house for Ferns and probably made of mud daub and thatch, was located at Newtown.
The National Inventory of Archaeological Heritage at www. buildingsofireland.ie lists the following building (No. 15612004).
Saint Aidan's House, traditionally known as The Palace became part of the Doyle property in the early 1900's and the house had to be demolished, but the stable complex above remains. The lands attached to The Palace remain in Doyle hands today.
THE SCURLOCKSBUSH BUTLERS NEAR ENNISCORTHY
Of particular interest with these Butler families, in an area centred around Schurlocksbush a few miles South of Enniscorthy on the east bank of the River Slaney, is the recurrence of the name Laurence through the generations, and the name Catherine which was Laurence Butler's Irish wife's name.
This area is also significant because of its close proximity to Ballymurn. As previously discussed, Laurence had a close friendship in Sydney with fellow rebel convict, Michael Hayes who witnessed Laurence's will in 1820. Michael was transported from Wexford in 1799, and at the time, his petitions stated he was from Ballymurn. His letters home to his family mentioned Laurence and Laurence's Irish wife in Wexford on four occasions, more than other fellow Wexford rebel, and included messages to be given to Catherine. The letters indicate that the two families knew each other previous to the rebellion:
These Butlers were recorded in various records at a number of neighbouring properties around Schurlocksbush (shortened to Bush in the baptism records), viz. Tomlane, Roperstown, Coorane/Cooraun, Coolanick/Coolaknick and Coolanickbeg (also spelt Coolacknickbeg), Ballyvake, Ryane, Ballysilla, Craanroe, Mullawn- all situated between Enniscorthy and Oilgate to the east of the Slaney river.
Who were Michael and Patrick Fortune and what was their relationship with the Butlers?
A death certificate from Pennsylvania USA, dated Oct 14 1925, Lawrence Fortune, 81, born 3 June 1844 Wexford Ireland, son of Patrick Fortune and Mary O'Neil (Ancestry- Reg No 21972)
The NLI Catholic Parish Records for Oylegate show the following:
RICHARD BUTLER b.1779, died at Tomlane in 1865 (aged 86- Film 06/p.28), a couple of kms to the west of Scurlochsbush. He witnessed a marriage (Ryan & Walsh-06/p.88) in 1805. Probably the Richard Butler at Molane/Mullawn in the 1826 Tithe Bks, and at Tomlane in the 1853 Griffiths Valuation, leasing a house and garden on 18 perches from James Power?
JOHN BUTLER witnessed marriages in 1808 (Donnolly to Redmond- 06/p.90), and 1809 (Daly to Mara-06/p.90).
LAURENCE BUTLER, b.c.1798, died in 1881 at Schurlochsbush. He was named as a sponsor with Patt Fortune in 1820 to Kinselagh baptism)- see death record below.
Baptisms- NB. records stop in 1820 and resume in 1832 when new priest appointed
Burial at Edermine Cemetery, close to Schurlocksbush (Brian Cantwell's 'Memorials to the Dead', no. 240), for:
Larry Butler married Mary Neil in 1835 at Coorane/Cooraun (04/p.97), with John Butler as his witness. A Mary Butler of Scurlochsbush died in 1866 aged 66 (b.1800- 06/p.66). Larry witnessed a marriage (Tom Mara to M. Fenlen at Ryane) in 1835- probably the Larry b.1798.
Thomas Butler of Coorane married 1834 to Bid/Bridget Shiel (04/p.96), and had issue at Schurlochsbush:
Thomas Butler and Laurence Butler lived in adjacent properties at Scurlocksbush a few miles SE of Enniscorthy, in the 1853 Griffiths Valuation.
Military Record (Chelsea Pensioners Discharge Records- Find my Past)
A Laurence Butler, baptised 20 August 1822, father Thomas Butler and mother Anne Butler, record found in the RC Parish of Enniscorthy Co Wexford, sponsors Patrick Doran and Brigid Butler. (Enniscorthy- MF 04249/01).
Laurence Butler- death Jan-Mar 1898 District of Enniscorthy; age 50 ie. b.c.1848 (Vol.4,p.472)
Edward Butler of Scurclochsbush married Moll Jordan and had issue: William b.1833 (04/p.41), Biddy b.1836 (04/p.46), Catharine/Kate b.1840 (04/p.54)
John Butler of Schurlochsbush married Kit Sinnott and had issue: James b.1835 (04/p.45).
Richard Butler, variously of Ballydonfin, Rathkyle and Craanroe, married 1865 to Anne/Catharine Toole (at Ballydonfin- 06/p.23) and had issue:
Tom Butler, variously of Ballysilla and Ryane and Tinnehask, married January 1840 to Mary Stamp ( Ballysilla- 04/p.99) and had issue:
THE BUTLERS OF TIKILLAN at NEWCASTLE LOWER (near The Deeps)
There was a John Butler at Ballyharran, Tikillin and a Laurence Butler at Newcastle, Tikillan in the 1834 Tithe Applotment Books (Ancestry.com). Ballyharran was adjacent to Newcastle Lower. John may have been the brother or father of Lawrence Butler.
The Crossabeg parish and Castlebridge parish records (National Library of Ireland online Catholic Parish records) only start about 1832. The following records were found:
Also at Castlebridge Parish:
Whether this Thomas Butler was related to the Tikillin Butlers is unknown.
Also a record of a James Butler b.1725 was buried in 1784 in St Colman’s churchyard, Templeshanbo in Barony of Scarawalsh.
The All Ireland Tithe Applotment Books 1823-1837- Butlers of Co. Wexford (National Archives of Ireland)
NB in all Ireland- Laurence/Lawrence Butlers:
Parish of Kiltrisk: Pierce Butler (Crandaniel Great)
Parish of Ardamine: Pierce Butler (Ballybracken) (Laurence Butler at Doughal Parish of Ardamine in Tithe Applotment Book of 1831)
Parish of Donaghmore:
Parish of Kilnahue:
Laurence b.1 Sept 1791 (RootsIreland records)- possibly married Margaret Connoly in 1821
m. 1790 Bridget Connelly
Laurence bap.2 Feb 1793 (RootsIreland records)
NB Baptism records (NLI) cease in 1786 until 1816
There are two records in the 1853 Griffiths Valuation, of a Lawrence and a Laurence Butler living in The Faythe in Wexford Town, one living towards the end of the street and the other at the southern end near Maudlintown, both of whom were master mariners.
A further shipping record may be relevant:
It would appear that Lawrence Butler born abt. 1821 and a Laurence Butler b. 1791-96, were the two Laurence Butlers living in The Faythe and Maudlintown in the 1853 Griffiths Valuation. Whether they were related has not yet been confirmed, but it is likely, given their backgrounds.
Brian Cantwell's 'Memorials of the Dead' for Co Wexford has the following:
Maudlintown- St Magdalens
BUTLER- this headstone is split down the centre
Erected by Laurence Butler of Wexford
In Memory of his wife Catherine Butler (Catherine/Kate Kehoe ?)
Who departed this life July 10th 1849
Aged 24 years (ie. b.c.1825)
Also, his mother Margaret Kehoe
Departed this life December 26, 1842
Aged 47 years.
This Laurence (b.c.1821) and Catherine had a daughter Margaret born in 1846.
He possibly married secondly to Esther Campbell nee North in 1856 and had a son Michael Butler born 12 Sept 1864 Wexford (Civil Reg Vol 14 p.914).
The List of Merchant Navy Seamen for the period 1845-1854 (Series BT114, No.3- Findmypast) lists Laurence Butler, Nicholas Butler and Lawrence Butler, all of Wexford:
He was probably the Laurence born in 1793 (bap 2 Feb) to John Butler and Bridget Connelly.
Register of Freeholders, Co Wexford 1833-1841,
LAURENCE BUTLER AND MARGARET CONNOLLY:
Laurence (Larry) Butler married Margaret Connolly on 21 September 1821, witnesses John Cullen and Eleanor Connolly. (p106 Wexford Town Parish Baptisms, NLI, Microfilm 4254/01 Marriages). Notably their marriage came after the birth of their first child Margaret.
Issue of Laurence Butler and Margaret Connolly of The Faythe:
Margaret bap. 30 November 1820 (sponsor Betty Murphy)
Mary bap. 29 May 1823 (sponsors John Fanning, Mary Butler)
Catharine bap. 30 July 1825 (sponsors Wm Larkin, Margaret Fanning)
Nicholas Butler bap. 28 February 1828 (sponsors George Wall, Ellen Mansfield)
Ellen Butler bap. 11 October 1830 (sponsors Patt Connolly, Mary Mansfield)
John Butler bap. 24 July 1834 (sponsors John Wall, Joanna Roach)
Ambrose Butler bap. 9 Sept 1836 (sponsors Nich Huming, Anne Hansson?) died 1881.
Son, John Butler baptised 24 July 1834, Wexford, received his Mates Certificate 20 March 1862 as an "Only Mate in the foreign Trade" (No. 25530). He then received his Masters certificate on 1 March 1865;John Butler was on the Independence in 1863 and master of the Vivid in 1864.
This was the John Butler b.1834, son of Laurence Butler and Margaret Connolly of The Faythe (above).
Youngest son Ambrose Butler of Maudlintown at the end of The Faythe, a street in southern Wexford Town, primarily inhabited by seafarers, was born/baptised in Wexford 24 Sept 1836, son of Laurence Butler and Margaret Connolly, and died 1881 (Vol.4 p.536, no.176). His death certificate states he died on 12 November 1881 at Maudlintown, aged 36 (b.c.1845 which is nine years out), master mariner, informant lived in The Faythe.
Ambrose's wife Catherine Hewson may have been the daughter of Peter Hewson, also a mariner living in The Faythe. In the Griffiths Valuation, a Peter Hewetson lived at No. 10 while Laurence Butler lived at No 14.
They had issue:
Enniscorthy Guardian: Lost at Sea; Official intimation reached Mrs Butler, Parnell Street, Wexford, on Saturday that her husband, Edward Butler, was lost at sea, being one of a crew whose vessel was torpedoed, he was attached to the Irish Lights before volunteering.
(Question?- Was Lawrence Butler, father of Nicholas Butler above, the same Laurence Butler married to Margaret Connolly who had a son named Nicholas b.1828?)
ANOTHER MARINER FAMILY OF BUTLERS IN THE FAYTHE:
Notably, John and Margaret's marriage certificate states that John Butler was a ships' carpenter (which discounts him as being the John Butler with the Ship's Masters Certificate in 1865), and that his father Nicholas Butler, a sailor, was deceased, as was Margaret's father Clement Devereux. They both lived in The Faythe.
Son Clement Joseph Butler was born on 7 April 1872 at the Faythe, and became a Ship's Mate in 1898, and was 2nd Mate on emigrant ships carrying passengers from Liverpool to New Orleans until the early 1930's. He was also on ships transporting minerals and cargo from Australia and New Zealand. The above index to the Captains Register of Lloyds of London shows he was registered as a merchant ships' master (or mate who held a masters certificate) in Liverpool in 1904, and is listed in Vol. 74- 1905-1909.
John Butler and Margaret Devereux also had children:
Two records of a NICHOLAS BUTLER at Stonebridge, WexfordTown, between Main Street and Commercial Quay. He is listed as one of the freemen registered to vote, listed as a "householder". He is also named in the following advertisement the following year:
Another record which cannot yet be placed:
In the 1853 Griffiths Valuation, a Nicholas Butler lived in Green Street (in St John's Parish- an extension of Bride Street- just north of The Faythe) a "house, yard and small garden" at No. 13, and Richard Butler also lived in " a house, yard and small garden" at No. 18, and both, interestingly, leased their properties from Charles Lett. He may have been related to Stephen Lett the cabinet maker or Joshua Lett. Nicholas's house was valued at £2.5.0. and Richard's house at £1.10.0. Green Street becomes Bride Street as it travels east and intersects with South Main Street.
Rootsweb-IRL-Tombstone Inscriptions- L Archives- from Cara Links 2 July 2006:
A Walter Butler b.1854 at St. Selskar, Wexford Town, enlisted as a Volunteer for the Militia in 1877, signature good, discharged May 1903. He was a labourer employed by James Devereux of Wexford and was married with one child under 14 yrs; description 5ft 6 3/4 in., fresh complexion, hazel eyes, brown hair. (either the Walter Butler who married Margaret O'Connor- see below; or the Walter Butler married to Mary Devereux in 1865 (vol 4 p115) who had five daughters until 1877. He may be the same man who married Margaret O'Connor, if his wife had died in 1877.
Walter Butler of Wexford married to Mary Devereux in 1865 Wexford (vol.4 p.1151), issue Eliza b.1867, Margaret b.1869, Mary b. 1871, Ellen b.1873, and Catherine b. 1877.
Laurentium Butler- baptised 25 May 1816 at New Ross Wexford, parents Patrick Butler and Anstace Redmond (als Anastatsha, Anasta, Anstaw, & Judith Redmond). Siblings: James 7/9/1807; John 22/6/1809; Thomas 14/11 1811; Catharinamn 10/3/1814; Thomas 15/11/1819; Margaritam 17/1/1824 (mother Judith Redmond) (Ireland Selections of Catholic Parish Baptisms 1742-1881).
The Probate of Will record for a William Butler (444) 15 August, late of Ballycomclone Gorey Co Wexford, farmer, who died 25 Feb 1902, was granted to Robert Butler farmer. Effects £154. (NAI Calendar of Wills and Administration)
Richard Butler b.1731 at Ballycooge (* above), d.1824 at Gorey, married Julia Pierce Hunt (1740-1820 d/o John Hunt and Julie Pierce of Banoge) in 1760 and settled in Banoge and they had eight sons and a daughter-
(sources: Butler Society "Happy Families" file; Mr Walter Butler [descendant of James George Butler above]; and Ancestry.com family tree of Sharon Stone Whitely)
The following Tombstone Inscriptions were uploaded to Rootsweb-IRL-Tombstone Inscriptions- L Archives by Cara Links on 2 July 2006-
All from the poorhouse or workhouse and all C. of I.
Index no 7 plot no 68 BUTLER James died 1856 aged 75 years interred in the Old Graveyard in the middle of Gorey Town (Market Place graveyard)
Taken from the poorhouse books etc and listed under RC
Richard 1st Viscount Mountgarrett, & Descendants, the Butlers of Kayer ,Co. Wexford
BUTLERSTOWN, SOUTH WEST OF WEXFORD TOWN:
Hore: Vol 6 P523
Vol 6 p224
LIEUT. GEORGE BUTLER OF RAMSGRANGE Co. WEXFORD
There is a George Butler named in a Wexford will. BTR 357 and 358 - a George Butler (II) of Ramsgrange, Co. Wexford, gent, d.1686, children named as Anne, George III, William, Robert and Jane. Ramsgrange is 8 miles south of New Ross in Wexford, not far from Duncannon Fort and close to the border of Kilkenny and Waterford.
However, the following information is left on the blog in case it is of interest to anyone researching Butlers from County Wexford.
(NB. It is unlikely that reliable evidence exists that links George I with forefathers Robert Butler and Thomas Butler, so this information is questionable)
The Civil Survey 1654-1656 of County Donegal (Vol. III)
Name of Proprietor
Census of Ireland circa 1659- County Donegal (edit. by Seamus Pender, Dublin 1939)
GEORGE BUTLER (II) (eldest son of George Butler I)
Both George and William attended an institution of higher learning.
Eldest son George III was born 1682, emigrated to America in 1698. He married Anne Briver and had children George (IV) b.1718, William, Robert and Jane. (information courtesy of descendant of George IV, Bill Butler)
Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde Vols. I-II:
Vol. I p242- 1662- Companies of Foot- Ensigns- George Butler
NB. There is a gap of ten years after the entry in 1664, which may indicate a different 'George Butler'.
WILLIAM BUTLER (2nd son of George Butler I)
Vol. II, p.184- 1662 Oct 8- Colonel Willoughby's Muster Roll
Vol. I, p.433- XII. 11- 1686- Army in Ireland:
Army records in State Papers (National Archives UK)
(CSP, Dom., James II, 1686, 1336, p.339; Doc: SP63/340, pp.209-12)
EXTRA RECORDS of COUNTY WEXFORD- BURIALS
Looking at the records, Catherine would have been a 2nd cousin of David Butler of Garranlea, and therefore much older than David’s son John, too old to have born him six children. David and Catherine both died in 1741 and were probably born about 1680-1695, whereas David’s third son John must have been born after 1722, as David married his wife in 1718.
Bryant forms the conclusion on p38 that this son John married in 1767 to Anna Price and died in Cashel in 1770 leaving a daughter Anna (Will 230). This Will names his wife Anna Price, his daughter Anna, his sister as Frances Russell, and executors Paul Phelan and Catherine Phelan (mentioned in the Will of John of Ballinakill as a daughter, which is where Bryant has made his link, plus Fr Clare's note on the back of the Will).
John was therefore either a stepson to Elizabeth Butler, her children by her first marriage including Frances therefore becoming his step-siblings; or, Elizabeth's brother-in-law which would make Frances his niece. A rather confusing pedigree.
Did Bryant add her name to the Will abstract he quoted to justify his claims?
The following charts show:
(1) Bryant Ormond Butler's suggested ancestry of John Butler of Ballinakill (and Cashel);
Bryant Butler also quoted various Chancery Bills and Deeds to 'prove' that John Butler, son of David Butler of Hemmingstown and Garranlea, moved around in the period 1727 to 1760. He stated that John Butler was at: 1727 Cashel; 1730 Garranlea; 1747 Hemmingstown; 1760 Cashel. What he didn't take into account was the brother of David Butler of Hemmingstown and Garranlea, also named John Butler of Cashel who died in 1731 .
The first two deeds refer to him:
The second two deeds quoted, however, do refer to John, the son of David Butler of Hemmingstown:
Children: Theobald (of Derrycloney- BTR 282 below), Richard (of Grange), Margaret
Children: Thomas (of Garranlea- BTR 28 below), Theobald (Toby of Grange), Walter, William
Sons: John, David (of Hemmingstown), William, James.
Children: James, Elizabeth and Catherine
In fact, John Butler of Hemmingstown and Garranlea was born after 1722 and therefore could not have been the father of Patrick born in 1730.
Notably, the names of ‘Patrick’ and ‘Laurence’ are not names to be found in the Butlers of Derrycloney, Garranlea, Derryluskan, or any of the Dunboyne lines.
Queens County is not far from Wexford, and therefore it is quite possible that Laurence, or his father, came to Wexford from Queens County. The Mountgarrett and Galmoy branches of the Butlers were also closely associated with Queens County, and it is therefore quite possible that Laurence was the son or grandson named in John Butler’s will of 1771. Notably, our Laurence Butler named his third son George Patrick, and a second baptism record has 'Patrick George'.
Due to Laurence’s association with the Ferns area of Wexford, I feel he was likely a descendant of the Mountgarrett line, and in particular the Kayer/Moneyhore/Munfin branch that inhabited the baronies of Scarawalsh and Bantry, which in turn was descended from Piers, 8th Earl of Ormond, a descendant of the 3rd, 2nd & 1st Earls of Ormond, and they in turn, descendants of the first Butler in Ireland, Theobald fitzWalter. Magnificent carved stone effigies of Richard 1st Viscount Mountgarrett, and of his parents Piers and his rather extraordinary wife Margaret cover their graves in St. Canice’s Cathedral in Kilkenny City.
The Butlers of Scurlocksbush and the Butlers of Tikillin also must be considered as strong contenders as Laurence's descendants. The John Butler of Ballyharran Tikillin, born in 1774 was certainly of an appropriate age, and the fact that he named a son Lawrence born in 1798 who became a carpenter, and that several descendants of the name Lawrence continued to live in this area of Tikillan into the 20th century, does give pause for thought. The burial of a Laurence Butler at Kilmuckridge in 1790 aged 76 years, and therefore born in 1714, could be a significant clue to both of these families.
And John Butler of Ballynakill, Queens County cannot be discounted as the father or grandfather of Laurence Butler.
Link back to Introduction:
The 1798 rebellion
Laurence Butler's trial for his role in the Rebellion
Analysis of Butler's trial
Laurence Butler at the Battle of Tubberneering
Laurence Butler's imprisonment
Butler's life and family in Wexford
Laurence Butler's transportation to Sydney in 1802 on the Atlas 2
Conditions on Convict Ships
Life as a convict in Sydney
Laurence Butler's property investments in Pitt Street Sydney
Sydney Town in 1800-1810
Laurence Butler's petitions to the Governor
Laurence Butler's 100 acre land grant in District of Petersham
Butler's membership of the Commercial Society of Sydney
Laurence Butler's court cases
Laurence Butler's business interests in Sydney
Laurence Butler's cabinet making business
Laurence Butler's property investments in Sydney
Laurence Butler's colonial family
Laurence Butler's death in 1820
Laurence Butler's issue- Walter, Lawrence Junior and Mary Ann
The Catholic Community of Sydney up until 1820
Genealogy- Butler's possible ancestry and possible descendants in Ireland, and BDM records
Butler's fellow Irish rebels transported to Sydney
Conclusion about the life of Laurence Butler